SURVEY RESEARCH LABORATORY

UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS




SRL Logo

ANNUAL REPORT

1991­1992






1991-1992




Survey Research Laboratory

University of Illinois at Chicago






Richard B. Warnecke, Director








Chicago Office Urbana Office 910 W. Van Buren Street, Suite 500 909 W. Oregon Street, Suite 300 Chicago, Illinois 60607 Urbana, Illinois 61801 (312-996-5300) (217-333-4273)



REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR

RESEARCH ACTIVITIES

	Survey Methodology	
	Health Research	
	Educational Concerns	
	Other Studies	

SUPPORT FOR FACULTY RESEARCH AND TEACHING	

	Research Faculty	
	Project Development	
	Advising 	
	SRL Staff Contribution to University Courses	

ACTIVITIES OUTSIDE THE UNIVERSITY	

	Staff Activities	
	Survey Research Newsletter	

APPENDIX A:  AFFILIATIONS OF SPONSORS OF NEW AND
     CONTINUING STUDIES AT SRL IN 1991­1992	

APPENDIX B:  STAFF ACTIVITIES 1991­1992	


ANNUAL REPORT

SURVEY RESEARCH LABORATORY

July 1, 1991 through June 30, 1992

REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR

The year 1991­92 was an especially satisfying year for SRL. As reported in the Annual Report for 1990­91, for the first time since I became director of SRL in 1982, I could see full salary coverage for all employees and still project a surplus in our operating budget as the year began. I am pleased to report that our projections were accurate and we completed fiscal year 1991­92 with an operating surplus. For fiscal 1992­93, things remain positive, although we are waiting to hear about funding on several major proposals that have been reviewed and approved with very good priority scores but that remain in limbo pending the outcome of the federal budget for 1993­94. With the ongoing project activity, we have a very strong project base for the coming year and beyond.

A major accomplishment over the past year has been the expansion of the significant program of research in survey methodology, led by Seymour Sudman. Since its inception, SRL has had a long tradition of research in survey methodology in which all senior staff have collaborated. In the past, the focus has been on the use of diaries for data collection, response effects, respondent selection strategies, locating and sampling of rare populations, network sampling, random digit dialing methods for telephone surveys, and questionnaire design. In recent years, the focus of the research at SRL has been on the application of principals of cognitive psychology to questionnaire design. A significant subfocus has been on how respondents from various ethnic and minority populations respond to survey questions.

In the past, questionnaire development activities have been supported by incorporating experiments into ongoing research projects. Although there has been some funding for methodological research, until this year it has not been a major area of funding. However, in 1991­92, direct funding for original research increased significantly through a mix of grants and contracts from the Bureau of the Census, the National Institute on Aging, the National Center for Health Statistics, and the National Institute for Drug Abuse. Major continuing support came from the National Science Foundation (NSF) and the Bureau of the Census. Seymour Sudman, Timothy Johnson, Diane O'Rourke, Joe Spaeth, and I have been the principals involved in the development of this research focus.

With this infusion of support, we have realized a major objective of SRL, which is to develop an ongoing and funded program focused on the application of cognitive principles in questionnaire design. Moreover, the funding will enable us to establish and maintain laboratory facilities that support the application of cognitive principles to the design of all questionnaires, but particularly those addressed to minority populations.

RESEARCH ACTIVITIES

SRL worked on 26 new or continuing research projects during the past year, ranging from large, multiyear projects to consulting jobs. These various projects are described below, grouped by general topic.

Survey Methodology

Cognitive Approaches to Questionnaire Design

Under Seymour Sudman's leadership, SRL continues to maintain a special research focus on survey methodology. One aspect of this research has been an increased interest in cognition and survey research.

Sudman is also the principal investigator for a new study for the National Center for Health Statistics. Research is being carried out by Sudman, Richard Warnecke, Timothy Johnson, and Diane O'Rourke on cognitive methods for improving response to questions about health promotion and disease prevention, focusing on predictors of accuracy in the reporting of four early cancer detection procedures. In a second study using cognitive methods, begun in 1991 under a joint statistical agreement between the U.S. Bureau of the Census and the University of Illinois with Sudman as principal investigator, SRL is carrying out cognitive experiments on reinterviews.

Collaboration with investigators at the Prevention Research Center (PRC) and at the School of Public Health has led to a growing program in cognition and survey questionnaire design, as faculty have collaborated in research on minority populations. Early research was supported by ongoing substantive research. The smoking project and one of the school-based studies contain specific funding for questionnaire development that will include cognitive interviewing.

Other Methodological Research

Methodological research on organizations was continued this past year by Joe Spaeth (Sociology, Urbana), who has a grant from NSF to conduct a national sample survey of organizations, which has provided funding for three years in a major collaborative project with researchers from Harvard University and the Universities of North Carolina and Minnesota. Additional support for this research also came from the U.S. Department of Labor. During the year, data on work organizations and organization-individual linkages were collected in the National Organizations Study, and data analysis was begun. In May 1992, Spaeth and Diane O'Rourke presented a paper based on the study to the American Association for Public Opinion Research (AAPOR) annual meetings, and O'Rourke chaired a panel on surveying organizations at the Field Directors Conference. The results of this research are very promising, and the next step will be a proposal to NSF to establish an ongoing survey of organizations using the methods developed by Spaeth and his colleagues. He will be presenting his findings at Stanford in July 1993, and a formal proposal will follow. If funded, the survey will be conducted by SRL.

Health Research

The major area of substantive research activity at SRL continued to be health in 1991­92. Of the 26 new and continuing projects at SRL this past year, 15 were health related (see Table 1). Much of this research was collaborative with PRC, which is a unit in the School of Public Health in Chicago. Two major areas of activity are continuing with the staff at PRC: smoking cessation and school studies focused on substance abuse and AIDS prevention.

Health promotion through smoking cessation is the focus of a major grant from the National Cancer Institute (NCI). With this support, work continued in 1991­92 on the sixth year of a program project to investigate the public's response to a televised smoking cessation intervention. The primary grant was made to SRL, with Richard Warnecke as the principal investigator. In addition to Warnecke, principal investigators and co-investigators for various components of the project are Brian Flay, Clara Manfredi, and Dee Burton (PRC); Frederick J. Kviz, Loretta Lacey, Paul Levy, and Sally Freels (School of Public Health, UIC); Charles L. Gruder (formerly Department of Psychology, UIC); Kathleen Crittenden (Department of Sociology, UIC); and Robin Mermelstein (PRC and Department of Psychology, UIC).

The core of this program project is a common evaluation format that required intensive interviewing both before and after the televised segments were broadcast in March­April 1987 on Channel 7, the ABC affiliate in Chicago. In the first three years, the survey components of the program project were carried out by SRL under subcontract from the Illinois Cancer Council. Beginning in July 1989, the program project was funded by NCI for two and a half years directly to SRL, and an extension was granted through June 1992.

A proposal for a new program project consisting of three individual projects and three core areas of support was submitted June 1, 1992. A reverse site visit was held in Washington, DC, on October 19, and the program project received a priority score of 126, which placed it in the middle of

TABLE 1

NEW AND CONTINUING HEALTH-RELATED STUDIES AT SRL IN 1991­1992

Subject Client's Department or Affiliation


New studies Illinois school and community prevention study PRC (UIC) Cognitive aspects of reporting cancer National Center for Health Statistics prevention examinations and tests Survey of members who are registered Service Employees International Union nurses Substance use in the adult population Illinois Department of Alcoholism and of Illinois Substance Abuse Medical Records Department survey American Health Information Management Association

Continuing studies Evaluation of the Community Clinical Cecil G. Sheps Center for Health Services Oncology Program--CCOP II Research, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Young adults with special health Albert Einstein College of Medicine, care needs New York Waste management at Illinois higher Illinois Hazardous Waste Research education institutions and Information Center Further research on knowledge, beliefs, School of Public Health (UIC) and actions of African American women regarding cancer Youth AIDS prevention PRC (UIC) Pollution prevention and waste in Illinois Hazardous Waste Research industry and Information Center AIDS outreach project School of Public Health (UIC) Early cancer detection protocols for Prevention Research Center (UIC) African Americans and Hispanics Substance use among the homeless in Illinois Department of Alcoholism and Cook County Substance Abuse Evaluation of televised smoking SRL, PRC (UIC), School of Public Health cessation intervention (UIC), Psychology (UIC), and Sociology


the outstanding range. We will hear in November whether it will be funded. SRL will have a major component of this project, which involves 14 faculty members, the Illinois Division of the American Cancer Society, the Chicago Department of Public Health, the health departments of Cook, DuPage, and Lake Counties, the Cities of Evanston and Skokie, and WMAQ-TV. Evaluation of the intervention will require extensive interviewing through four of the five years proposed. If this project is funded, it will continue research into patterns of smoking behavior and the use of televised interventions that has been ongoing since 1985. It will also require us to temporarily expand the field and data reduction activities and to hire at least two additional project coordinators just to carry out the projects.

Three papers with Warnecke as senior or co-author were published during the past year--one each for the Journal of Community Health, Health Education Quarterly, and the American Journal of Public Health. Warnecke also presented a paper to AAPOR in May of 1992.

Technology diffusion is the focus of an evaluation for NCI being conducted under a subcontract from the Cecil G. Sheps Center for Health Services Research at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. This study is an assessment of the implementation and impact of the Community Clinical Oncology Program­Phase II. Richard Warnecke and Arnold Kaluzny (Sheps Center) are the co-principal investigators. This five-year project, to run through September 1992, is assessing the impact of a major effort by NCI to diffuse state-of-the-art cancer treatment and to develop a cancer control research consortium of community hospitals. The research has involved surveying staff at all 52 participating hospitals and 17 major research centers, visits to 20 hospitals and 10 of the major research centers, an audit of 9,600 patient records to monitor changes in patient care, and two surveys of community physicians. Timothy Johnson was the senior or co-author of three papers that came out of the project, one presented to the American Society for Clinical Oncology and two to AAPOR, all of which were presented in May 1992.

In addition to the two NCI-funded projects just described, three other health studies at SRL in 1991­92 were cancer related. A project for Clyde W. Phillips (School of Public Health, UIC) determined through telephone interviews with African American women their knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding the detection of cervical and breast cancer before and after a health education and promotion program in Chicago neighborhood clinics. In connection with this study, Ananda Mitra and Edward Lakner presented a paper to AAPOR in May 1992. Data collection and reduction was completed on a study for Loretta Lacey (PRC) to implement and evaluate early cancer detection protocols among primary care physicians who have mostly low- to moderate-income black and Hispanic patients. Cognitive research for the National Center for Health Statistics (Seymour Sudman, principal investigator) is discussed in the Survey Methodology section.

Two continuing studies deal with AIDS. The purpose of a study for Susan Levy (PRC) is to evaluate the Youth AIDS Prevention Program by conducting interviews with seventh-grade students, their parents, and their teachers at the intervention schools and comparing them with the same groups of respondents from control schools. In addition to evaluating the immediate effects, the study will attempt to evaluate long-term effects by conducting follow-up interviews in the eighth and ninth grades. In the past year, an AIDS education program was administered to seventh graders by PRC, and preintervention and postintervention surveys of the students were completed. Surveys of parents, teachers, and principals were also conducted. SRL also completed consultation with Wayne Wiebel (School of Public Health, UIC) on an AIDS outreach project.

Two continuing health-related studies in 1991­92 deal with waste management issues. Both are for the Hazardous Waste Research and Information Center, Illinois Department of Energy and Natural Resources. One is a study of waste management at public and private higher education institutions in Illinois; the other is a study of waste control and management strategies used by Illinois manufacturers in heavy industry, with a special focus on the transfer of technology to aid in pollution prevention.

SRL edited mail questionnaires for the American Health Information Management Association and will clean and crosstabulate the data for the study. SRL also consulted on study and questionnaire design for a survey of members of the Service Employees International Union who are registered nurses.

A study dealing with young handicapped persons was concluded during the year. The purpose of the study for Henry T. Ireys (Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New York) was to learn more about young adults who receive services or financial support from the Children With Special Health Care Needs programs in Ohio and Illinois.

Among the past year's drug-related health studies were two studies for the Illinois Department of Alcoholism and Substance Abuse (DASA), for which SRL analyzed data and wrote the final reports. These studies were part of a series of three projects for DASA, begun in 1990. Two papers came out of the series in the past year: Timothy Johnson presented one to the American Psychological Association in June 1992, and Ananda Mitra and Edward Lakner presented one at the annual meetings of AAPOR in May 1992. Also, the first two waves of data collection were completed on a study of drug prevention education programs. The study's purpose is to assess attributes of organization and school staff associated with implementation of the programs in Illinois schools and to determine gaps in current drug prevention curricula.

Educational Concerns

Two continuing studies at SRL in 1991­92 dealt with higher educational concerns. A study for the Illinois Board of Higher Education (IBHE) involved two surveys--employer and employee--to assess the demand for and likely use of educational programs designed for employees of technology-based industries in the western and northwestern suburbs of Chicago. The work that was done for IBHE resulted in a report that helped define an agenda for university and industry collaboration in providing high technology resources and industrial training in Illinois. Based on the results of that survey, a collaborative seminar program sponsored by the IBHE and supported by the University of Illinois at Chicago, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Northern Illinois University, Northwestern University, and Illinois Institute of Technology has been initiated, and the first seminars were offered in summer 1992.

The final report was sent out in November 1991. That month, Ananda Mitra and Vincent Parker presented a paper to the Midwest Association for Public Opinion based on the study. A study for the UIC Faculty Advisory Committee involving focus groups and a mail survey to assess faculty satisfaction and concerns at UIC neared completion. The final report will go out in October 1992.

Data collection took place on a study of children from low-income families, conducted for Arthur Reynolds of Yale University's Department of Psychology. The study, funded by the Chicago Public Schools, involves follow-up telephone interviews of nonrespondents to a mail survey. Its purpose is to assess the prevalence of factors affecting the children's school success in order to help Chicago Public Schools better serve student needs. SRL also conducted data collection on a study for Fred Coombs of Urbana's College of Education. The study is funded by one of Maine Township's high school districts. It will assess parental and citizen satisfaction with and sources of information about the district's public high school programs, perceptions of teachers and administrators, attitudes towards property tax increases to fund programs, and opinions about problems facing the schools. Results will aid future policy and program decisions.

Other Studies

Two studies focused on outdoor recreational needs during this past year. SRL completed the fourth survey since 1985 for the Illinois Department of Conservation on the patterns of outdoor recreation of Illinois residents, and a new study began for Gerrit Knaap of Urbana's Department of Urban and Regional Planning on the supply of outdoor recreation resources and facilities in Illinois.

In addition, a mail survey of elderly drivers compared the relative difficulty of various driving activities now compared with 10 years ago. And finally, a telephone survey was conducted on Illinois corn marketing.

SUPPORT FOR FACULTY RESEARCH AND TEACHING

Research Faculty

The number of faculty members holding appointments at SRL was cut back this past year to bring costs down. Three faculty members held appointments at SRL, down from the previous year's eight. As mentioned earlier, Richard Warnecke, whose academic appointments are in the Departments of Sociology and of Epidemiology and Biometry in Chicago and Sociology in Urbana, and Seymour Sudman, whose academic appointments are in the Departments of Business Administration and of Sociology in Urbana, held regular appointments at SRL. Joe Spaeth, Department of Sociology, Urbana, held a zero-time appointment with the Laboratory.

Project Development

One way in which SRL supports faculty research is through accommodation of faculty members who wish to use the Laboratory's resources for their research. Such accommodation can consist of providing assistance in designing studies and questionnaires, sampling, consulting on data reduction and analysis, or preparing proposals that are to be submitted for funding. As mentioned earlier, part of the state funds allocated to SRL this past year were used to provide this assistance. SRL is also usually involved in the conduct of the research after funding has been received.

In 1991­92, academic professional staff at SRL worked on 31 new proposed projects. The level of effort on these pending projects varied from simply preparing survey or data processing cost estimates to preparing complete proposals or sections of proposals. As shown in Table 2, the largest single source of clients for new pending projects at SRL in 1991­92 was University of Illinois faculty, staff, and students, with three on the Urbana campus and 12 on the Chicago campus. Nine new studies came from state, county, or federal agencies, and four of these were funded, making government agencies the major source of new funded projects during the year.

In addition, one new study came from a professional association. Appendix A lists the affiliations of the sponsors of all SRL studies during this past year, both new and continuing.

Advising

In 1991­92, SRL continued its long-standing policy of giving free advice to University faculty, staff, and students. SRL staff spent 298 hours on these services in 1991­92, with 63 hours provided to Chicago and 235 hours to Urbana faculty and staff. These figures do not include the time spent on pending projects for faculty.

SRL Staff Contribution to University Courses

During the year, SRL staff members presented lectures for several University courses in Urbana. Diane O'Rourke lectured on survey research to a 300-level health and safety studies class. Edward Lakner gave a lecture on small business consulting to a 300-level business administration class, a preservation planning workshop to a 300-level urban planning class, and a lecture, "Cross-Cultural

TABLE 2

SOURCES OF CLIENTS FOR NEW SRL PROJECTS, 1991­1992

Source Pending Projects Funded Projects


University of Illinois faculty, staff, or student: Chicago 12 -- Urbana-Champaign 3 2 Federal, state, or local government agency 9 4 Professional association 2 1 Faculty at another institution 1 -- Other 4 -- _______ _______ Total 31 7

Attitudes Towards Handicaps," in a 200-level speech and hearing course. He also served on the doctoral committee for a student in Urbana's School of Music.

ACTIVITIES OUTSIDE THE UNIVERSITY

In addition to performing research and educational services at the University, SRL maintains links with the outside research community. These include the outside activities of SRL staff members and research faculty and the publication of the Survey Research newsletter.

Staff Activities

SRL staff members and affiliated faculty members are active in the research community and thereby contribute to the prestige of the University by publishing articles and books, participating in conferences, holding positions in professional organizations, and acting as editors and consultants, as well as obtaining grants and contracts. These staff activities for 1991­92 are outlined in Appendix B.

During this past year, staff members presented lectures and seminars outside the University of Illinois. Joe Spaeth gave a seminar, "A National Sample of Work Organizations: Design, Implementation, Outcome, and Problems," in the Department of Statistics at Oregon State University at Corvallis. Seymour Sudman and Diane O'Rourke gave lectures at Statistics Sweden (offices at Stockholm and Örebro) on survey organizations, asking income questions on household surveys, and "Applications of Cognitive Science to Survey Methods." The lectures on survey organizations and asking income questions on household surveys were also given at Stockholm University.

Survey Research Newsletter

SRL published three issues of Survey Research during this past year. This was the same number as was published the previous year. Each of the issues in 1991­92 was sent to approximately 2,300 subscribers, including University of Illinois faculty members and researchers, institutions, governmental agencies, and other interested persons worldwide. This was the sixth year that the publication costs of Survey Research were covered through voluntary contributions at various levels of support from organizations and individuals in the survey community. This support is pledged to continue in subsequent years.

APPENDIX A

AFFILIATIONS OF SPONSORS OF NEW AND CONTINUING

STUDIES AT SRL IN 1991­1992

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

    College of Education
    Department of Agricultural Economics
    Department of Sociology
    Department of Urban and Regional Planning
    Office of International Agriculture
    Survey Research Laboratory

University of Illinois at Chicago

    Department of Psychology
    Department of Sociology
    Faculty Advisory Committee
    Prevention Research Center
    School of Public Health
    Survey Research Laboratory
    Urban Transportation Center

Other Academic Institutions

    Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New York
    Cecil G. Sheps Center for Health Services Research,
    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
    Lineberger Cancer Research Center

Government Agencies

    Chicago Board of Education
    Illinois Board of Higher Education
    Illinois Department of Alcoholism and Substance Abuse
    Illinois Department of Conservation
    Illinois Hazardous Waste Research and Information Center
    National Cancer Institute
    National Center for Health Statistics
    U.S. Bureau of the Census

Associations Service Employees International Union
American Health Information Management Association



APPENDIX B

STAFF ACTIVITIES

1991­1992

Publications of SRL Staff

Johnson, Timothy P. "Mental Health, Social Relations, and Social Selection: A Longitudinal Analysis." Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 32 (1991), 408­423.

------ (with Jon Hendricks, Sharon L. Sheahan, and Stephen Joel Coons). "Medication Use Among Older Persons in Congregate Living Facilities." Journal of Geriatric Drug Therapy, 6 (1991), 47­61.

O'Rourke, Diane P. Questionnaire Formatting and Demographic Questions: Samples of Questionnaires from Academic/Government Survey Organizations. Urbana, IL: Survey Research Laboratory, University of Illinois, 1992.

Sudman, Seymour. Review of Analysis of Complex Surveys, C. J. Skinner, D. Holt, and T.M.F. Smith. Journal of Marketing Research, 28 (1991), 501­502.

------ (with Paul Biemer, Robert M. Groves, Lars Lyberg, and Nancy A. Mathiowetz, eds.). Measurement Errors in Surveys. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1991.

------ (with Norman Bradburn). "The Current Status of Questionnaire Research." In Paul Biemer, Robert A. Groves, Lars Lyberg, Nancy A. Mathiowetz, (eds.), Measurement Errors in Surveys. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1991, 29­40.

------ (with Norbert Schwarz, eds.). Context Effects in Social and Psychological Research. New York: Springer-Verlag, 1991.

Warnecke, Richard B. (with Frederick J. Kviz, Kathleen S. Crittenden, and Laurie J. Belzer). "Psychosocial Factors and Reenrollment in a Television Smoking Cessation Program." Health Education Quarterly, 18 (1991), 445­461.

------ (with Loretta Lacey, Sheila Tukes, and Clara Manfredi). "Use of Lay Health Educators for Smoking Cessation in a Hard-to-Reach Urban Community." Journal of Community Health, 16 (1991), 269­282.

------ (with Patricia Langenberg, Siu Chi Wong, Brian R. Flay, and Thomas D. Cook). "The Second Chicago Televised Smoking Cessation Program: A 24-Month Follow-up." American Journal of Public Health, 82 (1992), 835­840.

Conference Organization

O'Rourke, Diane P. Chaired panel on "How to Ask Income," Field Directors Conference, St. Petersburg Beach, FL, May 1992.

------. Chaired panel on "Surveying Organizations," Field Directors Conference, St. Petersburg Beach, FL, May 1992.

Conference Participation and Other Professional Appearances

Corrigan, Karen L. Presented and led small-group discussion on "Evaluating Contact Attempt Strategies," Field Directors Conference, St. Petersburg Beach, FL, May 1992.

Johnson, Timothy P. (with Mark E. Barrett). Presented "Substance Abuse and Homeless Persons and Single Room Occupants in Chicago," American Psychological Association, San Diego, June 1992.

------ (with Lu Doty). Presented "Evaluating the Impact of Regional Technical Assistance to State Special Education Agencies," American Evaluation Association, Chicago, October 1991.

------ (with Leslie G. Ford, Richard B. Warnecke, Arnold D. Kaluzny, Phoungho Shin, and Howard Ozer). Presented "Breast Cancer Practice Patterns: Evidence of a Shift Following a Consensus Conference or Clinical Alert," American Society for Clinical Oncology, San Diego, May 1992.

------ (with Robert W. Moore). Presented "Gender Interactions Between Interviewer and Respondent: Issues of Pornography and Community Standards," Midwest Association for Public Opinion Research, Chicago, November 1991.

------ (with Jennifer A. Parsons and Richard B. Warnecke). Presented "The Effect of Interviewer Characteristics on Gatekeeper Resistance in Surveys of Elite Populations," American Association for Public Opinion Research, St. Petersburg Beach, FL, May 1992.

------ (with Jennifer A. Parsons, Richard B. Warnecke, Leslie Ford, and Arnold D. Kaluzny). Presented "Questionnaire Size and Respondent Cooperation in Mail Surveys," American Association for Public Opinion Research, St. Petersburg, May 1992.

------ (with Lorann Stallones and Thomas F. Garrity). Presented "Depressive Symptoms Among Rural Elderly: Farm and Non-Farm Residents," American Public Health Association, Atlanta, November 1991.

Lakner, Edward (with Ananda Mitra). Presented "Effects of Clustering in a Time-Probability Sample of Clinic Patients," American Association for Public Opinion Research, St. Petersburg Beach, FL, May 1992.

------ (with Ananda Mitra). "Surveying the Poor and the Homeless," American Association for Public Opinion Research, St. Petersburg Beach, FL, May 1992.

Mitra, Ananda. Presented "Re-evaluating the Audience of Media: Ethnography and Focus Groups," American Evaluation Association Conference, Chicago, October 1991.

------. Presented "Signifying the Hindu State on TV," Conference on South Asian Studies, Madison, WI, November 1991.

------ (with Edward Lakner). Presented "Effects of Clustering in a Time Probability Sample of Clinic Patients," American Association for Public Opinion Research, St. Petersburg Beach, FL, May 1992.

------ (with Edward Lakner). Presented "Surveying the Poor and the Homeless," American Association for Public Opinion Research, St. Petersburg Beach, FL, May 1992.

------ (with Vincent Parker, Michael Matters, and Sandra L. Bauman). Presented "Needs Assessment in Continuing Engineering Education in DuPage County (IL)," Midwest Association for Public Opinion Research, Chicago, November 1991.

O'Rourke, Diane P. Discussant, panel on "Archiving, Documenting, and Retrieving Project Data," Field Directors/Technologies Conference, St. Petersburg Beach, FL, May 1992.

------. Discussant, panel on "How to Ask Income," Field Directors Conference, St. Petersburg Beach, FL, May 1992.

------. Presented "Rethinking the Income Question--A Door-in-the-Face Approach," American Association for Public Opinion Research, St. Petersburg Beach, FL, May 1992.

------. Discussant, panel on "Surveying Organizations," Field Directors Conference, St. Petersburg Beach, FL, May 1992.

------ (with Joe L. Spaeth). Presented "Design and Implementation of a National Sample of Work Organizations," American Association for Public Opinion Research, St Petersburg Beach, FL, May 1992.

Parker, Vincent (with Ananda Mitra, Michael Matters, and Sandra L. Bauman). Presented "Needs Assessments in Continuing Education in DuPage County, IL," Midwest Association for Public Opinion Research, Chicago, November 1991.

Spaeth, Joe L. Presented "The Ambiguous Status of the Bourgeoisie," American Sociological Association, Cincinnati, August 1991.

------. Presented "Organizations as Environments for the Earnings Determination Process," International Sociological Association Research Committee 28 Summer Conference, Columbus, OH, August 1991.

------ (with Diane P. O'Rourke). Presented "Design and Implementation of a National Sample of Work Organizations," American Association for Public Opinion Research, St. Petersburg Beach, May 1992.

Sudman, Seymour (with Barbara Bickart, Geeta Menon, and Johnny Blair). Presented "An Experimental Study of the Effects of Level of Participation on Proxy Reports of Vacation Plans," American Statistical Association, Atlanta, August 1991.

------ (with Johnny Blair, Geeta Menon, and Barbara Bickart). Presented "Information Processing by Proxy Respondents: Implications for Survey Design," Workshop on Cognition and Survey Methodology, Utrecht, Netherlands, November 1991.

------ (with Geeta Menon, Barbara Bickart, and Johnny Blair). Presented "Context Effects in Proxy Judgments," Association for Consumer Research, Chicago, October 1991.

Warnecke, Richard B. Presented "Adjusting for Differential Attrition in Panels Used to Monitor Quasi-Experiments in Field Settings: Does Adjustment Affect Assessment of Intervention Effects?" American Association for Public Opinion Research, St. Petersburg Beach, FL, May 1992.

Positions Held in Professional Organizations

Spaeth, Mary A. Chair, Membership and Chapter Relations, American Association for Public Opinion Research.

------. Member, Executive Council, American Association for Public Opinion Research.

Sudman, Seymour. Member, Board of Directors, American Statistical Association.

Warnecke, Richard B. Chair, American Association for Public Opinion Research Student Paper Competition.

------. Member, Program Committee, American Association for Public Opinion Research.

Editorial Activities

O'Rourke, Diane P. Associate Editor, Journal of Official Statistics.

Sudman, Seymour. Associate Editor, Evaluation Research.

------. Advisory Editor, Journal of Consumer Research.

------. Member, Editorial Board, Journal of Marketing Research.

------. Co-editor, Polls Section, Public Opinion Quarterly.

------. Member, Board of Advisory Editors, Social Science Research.

Consulting and Other Professional Service

Corrigan, Karen L. Consultant, Metropolitan YMCA of Chicago.

Johnson, Timothy P. Consultant, Alcohol, Drug Addiction and Mental Health Services Board, Summit County, Ohio.

------. Consultant, Chicago Coalition for the Homeless, Homeless Youth Needs Assessment Survey.

Spaeth, Joe L. Member, General Social Survey Board of Overseers.

Sudman, Seymour. Consultant, National Academy of Sciences.

------. Consultant, Physician's Payment Review Commission.

------. Consultant, Social Science Research Council.

------. Consultant, U.S. Bureau of the Census.

------. Consultant, Urban Institute.

------. Member, Census Bureau Advisory Committee, American Statistical Association.

------. Member, Policy Board, Association for Consumer Research.

------. Member, Review Panel, California Tobacco-related Disease Research Program.

Warnecke, Richard B. American Sociological Association Representative, Council of Professional Associations on Federal Statistics.

------. Consultant, American Medical Center--Denver, Colorado.

------. Consultant, American Health Foundation.

------. Consultant, Cecil G. Sheps Center for Health Services Research.

------. Consultant, Medical College of Virginia.

------. Consultant, National Cancer Institute.

------. Consultant, National Center for Health Statistics.

------. Consultant, California Tobacco-related Disease Research Program.

Grants and Contracts (new or additional funds)

Johnson, Timothy P. "Cognitive Aspects of Reporting Cancer Prevention Examination and Tests." National Center for Health Statistics.

------. "Substance Use Among the Homeless in Cook County." Illinois Department of Alcoholism and Substance Abuse.

------. "Substance Use in the Adult Population of Illinois." Illinois Department of Alcoholism and Substance Abuse.

Spaeth, Joe L. "Collaborative Research: U.S. Organizations' Human Resource Policies" (additional funds). National Science Foundation and U.S. Department of Labor.

Sudman, Seymour. Cognitive Aspects of Proxy Reporting in Survey Research. National Science Foundation.

------. Joint Statistical Agreement. U.S. Bureau of the Census.

------ (with Richard B. Warnecke and Timothy P. Johnson). "Cognitive Aspects of Reporting Cancer Prevention Examination and Tests." National Center for Health Statistics.

Warnecke, Richard B. "Assessment of the Implementation and Impact of the Community Clinical Oncology Program--Phase II." National Cancer Institute.

------. "Cognitive Aspects of Reporting Cancer Prevention Examination and Tests." National Center for Health Statistics.

------. "Prenatal Smoking Cessation." Illinois Department of Public Health.

------. "Technology Corridor Educational Needs Assessment." Illinois Board of Higher Education.