SURVEY RESEARCH LABORATORY

UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS AT CHICAGO

A Unit of the College of Urban Planning and Public Affairs



SRL Logo

ANNUAL REPORT

1993­1994






1993-1994




Survey Research Laboratory

University of Illinois at Chicago






Richard B. Warnecke, Director








Chicago Office Urbana Office 910 W. Van Buren Street, Suite 500 909 W. Oregon Street, Suite 300 Chicago, Illinois 60607 Urbana, Illinois 61801 (312-996-5300) (217-333-4273)



TABLE OF CONTENTS
REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR

RESEARCH ACTIVITIES	

	Survey Methodology	
	    Research on Cognition	
	    Other Methodological Research	
	Health Research	
 	    Smoking Studies	
	    Other Cancer-related Research	
	    Substance Abuse Research	
	    Youth and AIDS	
	    Other Health-related Research	
	Educational Concerns	
	Other Studies	
	Service Projects	
	    Projects for University of Illinois Researchers	
	    Projects for Non­University of Illinois Researchers	

PROJECT DEVELOPMENT
    	Projects Still Pending at the Close of the Year	
	Projects That Did Not Receive Funding	

ADVISING	

RESEARCH FACULTY	

OTHER ACTIVITIES	
	Publications	
	Conference Presentations	

APPENDIX A:  STAFF ACTIVITIES, 1993­1994	

APPENDIX B:  AFFILIATIONS OF SPONSORS OF NEW AND
    CONTINUING PROJECTS, 1993­1994	

APPENDIX C:  UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS FACULTY, STAFF,
    STUDENTS, DEPARTMENTS, AND ADMINISTRATIVE
    UNITS ASSISTED BY SRL, 1993­1994	


ANNUAL REPORT
SURVEY RESEARCH LABORATORY
July 1, 1993, through June 30, 1994

REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR

During fiscal year 1993­94, the focus of the Survey Research Laboratory (SRL) remained relatively unchanged from previous years. SRL has an established and well-funded research program in survey methodology. Under the leadership of Seymour Sudman and Timothy Johnson, there were 11 publications and 8 conference presentations that addressed survey methodology and that involved staff from SRL as either principal or coauthors. The primary focus continued to be research on cognition where, with primary funding from the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), a team of investigators from SRL and other departments continued to explore the roles of education, age, gender, and race/ethnicity on respondents' understanding of question meaning, methods of self-reporting, and approach to self-representation when responding to health-related questions and questions related to cancer screening.

This year also marked the publication of another in a series of books on specific aspects of cognition by Sudman and his associates, Autobiographical Memory and the Validity of Retrospective Reports (Schwarz & Sudman, 1994).

Cognitive interviews are now being routinely offered to clients, and under the direction of Diane O'Rourke, SRL has established a questionnaire development laboratory in which a variety of strategies are used to evaluate the validity of questionnaires used by SRL.

The first year in which computer-assisted telephone interviewing (CATI) has been coordinated into one unit with all the relevant operational units was marked in 1993­94. The stability of that unit was enhanced when Martín Glusberg joined SRL as assistant director for operations in August 1993. Under his leadership, the operational sections of SRL (Sampling, Field, Data Reduction, and Computer Services) have been brought together and coordinated as a single unit. Also joining the operations staff in 1993, as manger of computer services, was Francis Woloszyk.

Health studies continued to be the focus of our substantive research as well as the focus of the methodological research that has been conducted. The large, televised smoking cessation program project grant from the National Cancer Institute (NCI) was implemented by the Prevention Research Center (PRC) and SRL as part of the Great American Smoke-Out in November 1993 in collaboration with the Illinois Division of the American Cancer Society (ACS). In the period between July 1 and November 11, 1993, extensive interviewing was conducted to identify a population-based sample to monitor the extent of penetration of the program into the target population. In addition, a large sample of individuals who registered to participate in the program were interviewed and recruited as a panel to monitor participation and the effects of the intervention. Four substantive papers and some of this year's methodological publications were based on these studies.

Also in this year, SRL served as the Survey Core for a second research program project, also funded by NCI, to study how collaborative research with its contractual program, the Cancer Information Service, can be used to design and evaluate enhancements to the cancer control capacity of the service.

In addition to these two very large, multiple-component grants, SRL worked with investigators on both campuses on two other cancer-related studies. The first, with Drs. Loretta Lacey and Clara Manfredi from UIC's School of Public Health (SPH) and Dr. Ronald Czaja (now of North Carolina State University at Raleigh and formerly of SRL), was Prescribe for Health, a study of an intervention through a Medicaid HMO to assess how physicians can be induced through quality assurance procedures to offer cancer screening as part of general medical care. In addition, SRL work with Dr. Karin Rosenblatt (UIUC Community Health) and Drs. Faith Davis and Katherine Mallin (SPH) on a case control study of ovarian cancer. This epidemiological study was also funded by NCI.

In addition to cancer, substance abuse was another health research focus at SRL, under the leadership of Dr. Johnson, associate director. Three studies were conducted in this area, which resulted in two conference presentations and one published paper. The largest of these studies was conducted under contract with the Illinois Department of Alcohol and Substance Abuse (DASA). It was a general population survey with extensive oversampling of African American and Hispanic populations. A second study focused on a special population selected from correctional institutions in Illinois and was carried out in a collaboration between DASA and TASC, Inc. (Treatment Alternatives for Special Clients). A third study focused on clients of the Department of Children and Family Services (DCFS). Dr. Johnson has methodological research proposals based on these projects pending with the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA).

The interplay between the substantive and methodological research at SRL is illustrated by these projects. Each of the cancer and substance abuse projects included methodological research focused on the cognitive issues related to the questions. These resulted in proposals for new research in both methodological and substantive issues.

Several additional publications and conference presentations resulted from other ongoing health-related studies.

During the year, we added three new project coordinators. Lynn Hamilton joined the staff as a project coordinator. She moved to Chicago from Urbana, where she had conducted surveys for the School of Library and Information Science. Betty Bower Simon joined SRL as a senior project coordinator. She was previously employed at the National Opinion Research Center (NORC). Finally, we were delighted to welcome Andrew Montgomery back to SRL as a senior project coordinator. Montgomery had been head of data reduction activities at SRL and then left to join the UIC's College of Nursing. In December, he rejoined SRL on a part-time basis while retaining a part-time position with the College of Nursing.

Also in this year, Sharon Calkins, who had been with SRL since 1974, with the exception of a two-year period when she worked for the City of Chicago, retired. Ms. Calkins began at SRL as a field coordinator but after two years became a project coordinator and had that title until she left to work for the City of Chicago. She returned to SRL as manager of operations for the Chicago office. She advanced to assistant and then associate director, which was her position until her retirement in June 1994. Ms. Calkins made significant contributions to SRL during her tenure with us. She conceived of and implemented a financial management system that enabled us to actually assess our financial status and recover the costs of operation. With this system in place, SRL's long-standing financial problems were solved. However significant and creative her accomplishments in the areas of financial management, Sharon was most respected and will be remembered most fondly as a mentor and friend to most of the young staff that joined SRL. She was widely respected by the staff for her knowledge of survey design, especially questionnaire design. She was also respected as a friend and as a person with whom one could talk and expect candid and valued advice and complete discretion. At the time of her retirement, the positive effects of her influence were evident in all aspects of SRL's operations. She was a very valued employee and friend, and, as the rest of the staff at SRL, I miss her greatly. While the rest of us move on and adjust to the considerable gap created by her absence, Sharon is very happily ensconced in a new home in Tucson, Arizona.

The end of this year saw another major change take place at SRL. As of the end of 1993­94 fiscal year, SRL is no longer located in the Office of the Vice President for Academic Affairs where it had been administratively housed since 1964. Beginning in fiscal year 1994, SRL will be administratively located in the Office of the Vice Chancellor for Academic Affairs at UIC. As part of this relocation, SRL will be playing a major role in the programs and activities of the Great Cities Initiative established at UIC by Chancellor Stukel. Eventually, when the college is approved, SRL will become a unit of the new College of Urban Planning and Public Affairs.

We do not expect that this relocation will affect the role of SRL on either campus. The arrangement has specifically allowed for continued funding for the Urbana office of SRL. The campus has generously agreed to continue to provide space at our present location, and the Sampling Section, library, and some project management staff, headed by O'Rourke, will remain there. Faculty and staff at Urbana wishing assistance with survey design will still be able to find it at the Urbana office. An advisory committee will be established to help me ensure that the office at UIUC remains responsive to faculty and staff needs there.

Although SRL will be a unit of the new College of Urban Planning and Public Affairs, SRL will remain a campus resource to all faculty in Chicago. We hope and expect that with some heightened visibility in Chicago, our interactions with faculty and staff there will grow and that the long-standing relationships with units in other colleges will continue and flourish.

I would like specifically to thank Bob Resek and Tom Eakman for their patience and support in resolving the budget problems that had affected SRL's operations for many years. During my tenure as director of SRL, I believe I was very fortunate to have had the opportunity to work with both Bob and, before him, Mort Weir. However, on a day-to-day basis, SRL owes a considerable debt of gratitude to Tom Eakman, whose honesty and quiet advice was always useful, whose support never wavered. Tom guided us through some very difficult times. Without his help and support, I am not sure I would still be preparing annual reports for SRL. We will miss his wise guidance and advice and probably continue to call on it from time to time.

In sum, this has been a transitional year for SRL. We experienced a downturn in activity in 1992­93 but have recovered and have established a new computer-assisted telephone station. Although there have been some staff changes, we knew these were coming and have planned for them during the year. With a large number of new and large projects, 1993­94 has been a very successful year, and we expect moderate but continued growth in 1994­95. As usual, we are grateful for the support of our friends and clients.

RESEARCH ACTIVITIES

In addition to 13 service projects conducted for University of Illinois staff, faculty, and students, the SRL conducted 28 new and continuing studies during the past year, ranging from large, multiyear projects to consultation. These projects are described in the sections below, grouped by topic area.

Survey Methodology

SRL's special research focus on survey methodology continued in 1993­94, primarily on cognitive approaches to questionnaire design. The largest methodological project SRL worked on in the 1993­94 fiscal year was the continuation of a cooperative agreement awarded to Johnson and O'Rourke by NCHS on understanding how culturally diverse respondents interpret and respond to health questions. In addition, Sudman's Joint Statistical Agreement with the U.S. Bureau of the Census and his study on the Cognitive Aspects of Reporting Cancer Prevention Examinations and Tests were completed this past year. A study for Carol Ferrans (UIC College of Nursing) on minority respondents' interpretation and response to questions about quality of life continued.

Besides the methodological work supported by major sources of funding, SRL staff conducts methodological studies as part of current ongoing projects. As Appendix A indicates, several staff members have either written papers or made conference presentations on methodological issues at appropriate meetings of survey researchers. Staff also continue to publish and make presentations based on recently completed studies, as the list at the end of this section indicates.

Research on Cognition

In September 1993, SRL completed a Joint Statistical Agreement between the U.S. Bureau of the Census and the University of Illinois in which it conducted cognitive experiments on reinterviews and think-alouds covering respondents' understanding of question meaning, their methods for giving self-reports (e.g., counting, estimation), and issues of self-representation (e.g., question threat, embarrassment). The various experiments used face-to-face interviews with a variety of respondent groups.

Paper published on this project:

Sudman, Seymour, & Blair, Johnny. (1993). Respondent perceptions of reinterviews. Proceedings, 1993 Annual Research Conference, Bureau of the Census, 701­716.

Activity continued on our contract with NCHS supporting research on the Cognitive Aspects of Reporting Cancer Prevention Examinations and Tests. Sudman was the principal investigator and Richard Warnecke and Johnson were co-investigators for this study. O'Rourke was project coordinator and acted as a co-investigator. Under this contract, an experimental design was employed to investigate cognitive-based strategies in questionnaire design to improve the accuracy of reporting about three early cancer detection procedures: the Pap smear, clinical breast examination, and mammography. The results indicated that respondents who belong to an HMO are very likely to report such tests based on their recall of a general physical examination and that no alternate form of wording will deter them from that recall strategy. The 1993­94 year was spent presenting results at conferences and revising a final report for NCHS that will be reformatted for publication in its Vital and Health Statistics series.

Papers published on this project:

O'Rourke, Diane, Johnson, Timothy, Sudman, Seymour, Warnecke, Richard, & Jobe, Jared B. (1993). The effect of regularity on the accuracy of reporting of medical tests [Presented at the American Association for Public Opinion Research, May 1993]. American Statistical Association 1993 Proceedings of the Section on Survey Research Methods: Vol. II, 1064­1069.

Sudman, Seymour, Warnecke, Richard, Johnson, Timothy, O'Rourke, Diane, Davis, Andrew M., & Jobe, Jared B. (1993). Cognitive aspects of reporting cancer prevention examinations and tests. American Statistical Association 1993 Proceedings of the Section on Survey Research Methods: Vol. I, 324­329.

Conference presentation on this project:

Sudman, Seymour, Warnecke, Richard, Johnson, Timothy P., O'Rourke, Diane, Davis, Andrew M., & Jobe, Jared. (1993, August). Cognitive aspects of reporting cancer prevention examinations and tests. Paper presented at the American Statistical Association, San Francisco, CA.

Activity continued on a methodological study that began in 1992 with a grant from NCHS to Johnson (principal investigator) and O'Rourke (co­principal investigator). The study investigates how culturally diverse respondents answer health survey questions. Warnecke, Sudman, and Noel Chavez (UIC Community Health Sciences) are co-investigators. Loretta Lacey, an associate director at UIC's PRC, was also a co-investigator until her death in the spring of 1994. The study seeks to better understand the cognitive processes of survey respondents and to assess how racial/ethnic background affects four stages of those processes: (a) interpretation of the questions, (b) retrieval of information, (c) judgment formation utilized in formulating responses, and (d) editing of the responses prior to verbalization. Over a 10-month period (July 1993 through April 1994), 425 respondents were interviewed by the principal investigators and their research assistants. The sample was stratified by racial/ethnic group (African American, Mexican American, Puerto Rican, and non-Hispanic white), age (18­29 and 30­50), and education (those with a high school education or less and those with more than a high school education).

In addition to the computerization of closed-ended, numeric data from the questionnaire, audiotaped interviews were transcribed to allow for detailed coding of open-ended responses as well as interviewer and respondent behavior. Over 700 variables were ultimately recorded for each of the 425 cases, the richest data set ever compiled on the cognitive processes of culturally diverse respondents. The quantity and quality of data collected were so great that NCHS awarded SRL a one-year no-cost extension to continue and expand on analysis and writing through September 1995. In April 1994, preliminary findings were presented at the UIC Center for Research on Women and Gender seminar.

Paper published on this project:

Johnson, Timothy, O'Rourke, Diane, Chavez, Noel, Lacey, Loretta, Sudman, Seymour, Warnecke, Richard, & Horm, John. (1994). Social cognition and responses to health survey questions among minority populations: Preliminary evidence. Proceedings of the 1993 Public Health Conference on Records and Statistics: Toward the Year 2000: Refining the Measures (DHHS Publication No. [PHS] 94-1214, pp. 357­362). Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics.

Conference presentations on this project:

Johnson, Timothy, O'Rourke, Diane, Chavez, Noel, Lacey, Loretta, Sudman, Seymour, Warnecke, Richard, & Horm, John. (1993, July). Social cognition and responses to health survey questions among minority populations: Preliminary evidence. Paper presented at the Public Health Conference on Records and Statistics, Washington, DC.

Johnson, Timothy P., O'Rourke, Diane, Chavez, Noel, Sudman, Seymour, Warnecke, Richard, Lacey, Loretta, & Horm, John. (1994, March). Development of a methodology for examining cultural differences in the cognitive processing of health survey questions. Paper presented at the National Center for Health Statistics Workshop: Research Issues to Address Minority Health Data Needs, Rockville, MD.

O'Rourke, Diane, & Johnson, Timothy. (1994, May). Identifying problem questions among culturally diverse populations. Paper presented at the Field Directors/Technologies Conference, Boston, MA.

Carol Ferrans (UIC College of Nursing) is the principal investigator for a new NCI-funded study that seeks to (a) develop two versions of the Ferrans and Powers Quality of Life Index appropriate for adult African American and Mexican American cancer patients with a high school education or less and (b) assess the psychometric properties, responsiveness to change, and implementation aspects of the two versions when used with cancer patients with stable health status and with patients participating in cancer clinical trails. Following focus groups with 40 participants and laboratory think-aloud interviews with 120 respondents, SRL staff will train hospital personnel to administer questionnaires to patients before, during, and after their treatment. The goal is to obtain 280 interviews with patients under treatment as well as 160 with those whose health is stable. The original plan called for physicians affiliated with the study to recruit patients in Chicago and Houston, Texas. Unfortunately, a lack of Mexican American participants in Chicago made it necessary for SRL to extend its work and conduct a greater proportion of it in Houston. In spite of difficulties with recruitment, focus groups started in late January and were completed by mid-March with African American, Mexican American, and non-Hispanic white patients in both cities who had completed chemotherapy within the previous 24 months. Think-aloud interviews were conducted at clinics in the Chicago area from April through June with the same populations but with patients who were still undergoing chemotherapy. The study is expected to finish in 1998.

Other Methodological Research

Staff members published several items this year based on methodological research conducted in previous years:

Johnson, Timothy P., & Parsons, Jennifer A. (1994). Interviewer effects on self-reported substance use among homeless persons. Addictive Behaviors, 19, 83­93.

Johnson, Timothy P., Parsons, Jennifer A., Warnecke, Richard B., & Kaluzny, Arnold D. (1993). Dimensions of mail questionnaires and response quality. Sociological Focus, 26, 271­274.

Sudman, Seymour, Bickart, Barbara, Blair, Johnny, & Menon, Geeta. (1994). A comparison of self- and proxy-reporting. In Norbert Schwarz & Seymour Sudman (Eds.), Autobiographical memory and the validity of retrospective reports (pp. 251­266). New York: Springer-Verlag.

Health Research

Health research projects comprised nearly half of SRL's studies, once again making health the major area of substantive research (see Table 1). There were eight new and nine continuing health-related studies during 1993­94, including a new service project (see the "Service Projects" section for details). Much of

TABLE 1

NEW AND CONTINUING HEALTH-RELATED STUDIES, 1993­1994

Subject Client's Department or Affiliation


New studies


Cancer Information Service Research Consortium			AMC Cancer Research Center, Denver, Colorado

Rural Hospital Discharge Planners Pennsylvania State University

Quality of Life Index College of Nursing (UIC)

Prison Survey TASC, Inc. (Treatment Alternatives for Special Clients)

Department of Children and Family Services Study Illinois Department of Children and Family Services

Ovarian Cancer Case Control Department of Community Health (UIUC), School of Public Health (UIC)

Institutionalization of a Smoking Cessation Program Prevention Research Center (UIC)

Organizational Health College of Education (UIC)

Continuing studies

Minority Populations' Understanding Survey Research Laboratory of Health Questions

Illinois Comprehensive Substance Abuse Study Illinois Department of Alcoholism and Substance Abuse

Network Study of the Chronically Disabled Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island

Prescribe for Health Patient Telephone Prevention Research Center (UIC) Interview

Minority Youth AIDS Prevention Program Prevention Research Center (UIC)

Prescribe for Health in Urban Minority School of Public Health (UIC), Prevention Primary Care Physician Practices Research Center (UIC)

Cognitive Aspects of Reporting Cancer National Center for Health Statistics Prevention Examinations and Tests

Youth AIDS Prevention Program Prevention Research Center (UIC)

Community Intervention for Survey Research Laboratory, Prevention Cancer Prevention Research Center (UIC), School of Public Health (UIC), Psychology (UIC), and Sociology (UIC)


the health research was done collaboratively with PRC. Major areas of research activity included smoking cessation, studies evaluating approaches to the early detection of cancer, substance abuse, and AIDS prevention. Most of the studies discussed in the "Survey Methodology" section were also health studies.

Smoking Studies

The largest study was the ongoing program project focused on smoking cessation. The proposal was submitted to NCI in June 1992, and work began toward the end of last fiscal year. The program project contains three research studies and three supporting cores. The overall project, ongoing since 1985, continues research into patterns of quitting smoking. The new research focuses on women with a high school education or less. One of the program's research projects, of which Warnecke is the principal investigator and Brian Flay, director of PRC, is the co­principal investigator, continues the line of research that has been assessing how televised messages can be combined with written materials to promote successful cessation. In this latest version, two kinds of televised messages were combined. One form used paid actors and purchased air time to promote smoking cessation as a positive action, which, if successfully achieved, would help women gain confidence in other areas of their lives. These messages were then supplemented with televised promotions and an 11-day series of segments incorporated into the evening news format that attempted to make quitting smoking an achievable goal for women with a high school education or less. A booklet containing guidance for women who wish to quit was developed with support from the Illinois Division of ACS. The news segments were designed to be offered in conjunction with ACS's Great American Smoke-Out on November 18, 1993. Dee Burton, an associate director at PRC, is principal investigator for the Communication Core. With George Balch (PRC) and investigators from the individual research projects, Burton prepared the written materials and worked with a public relations firm and WMAQ-TV to develop, produce, and implement the televised portions of this project.

The second project of the program studies ways to help women who quit smoking maintain abstinence. This component was carried out with women who have been part of another study conducted by PRC. The part connected with the program project was to focus on maintaining cessation among women with a high school education or less but has been expanded to include women from all educational backgrounds for purposes of comparison among educational groups. It was conducted primarily at PRC. Robin Mermelstein, an associate director of PRC, is the principal investigator of this project.

The third research study focuses on how to institute low-cost, minimal contact interventions in public health clinics. Clara Manfredi, an associate director of PRC, is the principal investigator. Kathleen Crittenden (UIC Sociology) is a co­principal investigator, as was Loretta Lacey (PRC) until her death. This is a quasi experiment in which 14 pairs of clinics are to be randomized into an intervention or a control status. Materials and videotaped messages developed by the Communication Core will be combined with a message delivered by the health care provider whom the woman sees at the clinic, a follow-up letter, and a supportive interview.

In all projects, subjects are to be followed for 12 months following the intervention. SRL provides for this data collection support in its role as the Survey and Evaluation Core for the entire project. Evaluation of the intervention required extensive interviewing in the first year of this four-year project, which continues into the second year. As principal investigator, Warnecke is also the principal investigator of the Headquarters Core, which is also housed at SRL. This project involves 14 faculty members; the Illinois Division of ACS; the Chicago Department of Public Health; and WMAQ-TV, the NBC-owned television station in Chicago.

Baseline data collection from a random sample of women smokers in the Chicago metropolitan area took place from July through September 1993. Out of a sample of 75,400 telephone numbers, 1,520 respondents (78% of those eligible) were interviewed. Over an eight-week period (late September through mid-November 1993) during which smokers could call an 800 number to request quit-smoking materials that would follow along with the televised program, a sample of these "registrants" were also interviewed by telephone for the first time. Five hundred of the baseline random sample respondents were interviewed in November 1993 to determine the rate of penetration of the televised promotion. Following the Great American Smoke-Out on November 18, 1993, and the completion of the televised program a few days later, all subjects (all baseline subjects plus the registrants) were contacted by telephone for an immediate postintervention interview. Interviews were completed with 700 baseline subjects and 1,030 registrants. They were reinterviewed six months later in June 1994. Findings showed that registrants tended to smoke more heavily than the general population of smokers and to have been more likely to have seen the paid ads. Further analysis was postponed to next year due to funding limitations.

Papers published on this project:

Flay, Brian R., McFall, Stephanie, Burton, Dee, Cook, Thomas D., & Warnecke, Richard B. (1993). Health behavior changes through television: The roles of de facto and motivated selection processes. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 34, 322­335.

Kviz, Frederick J., Clark, Melissa A., Crittenden, Kathleen S., Freels, Sally, & Warnecke, Richard B. (1994). Age and readiness to quit smoking. Preventive Medicine, 23, 211­222.

Kviz, Frederick J., Crittenden, Kathleen S., Clark, Melissa A., Madura, K. J., & Warnecke, Richard B. (1994). Buddy support among older smokers in a smoking cessation program. Journal of Aging and Health, 6, 229­254.

Kviz, Frederick J., Crittenden, Kathleen S., Madura, K. J., & Warnecke, Richard B. (1994). Use and effectiveness of buddy support in a self-help smoking cessation program. American Journal of Health Promotion, 8(3), 191­201.

SRL is anticipating work on another smoking study, Clara Manfredi's Institutionalization of a Smoking Cessation Program project, funded by the Centers for Disease Control and PRC. Warnecke will serve as co-investigator. The study will focus on the implementation and institutionalization of a smoking cessation program for women of child-bearing age in public health clinics. SRL's work will not begin until the second year of the project (January 1995).

Other Cancer-related Research

During this past year, SRL continued work on Prescribe for Health, an NCI-funded study. Loretta Lacey was the principal investigator until her death. Clara Manfredi, who, along with Ronald Czaja (formerly of SRL and now of North Carolina State University at Raleigh), had been a co­principal investigator, took over the project at that point. Warnecke is a co-investigator. The study seeks to implement and evaluate early cancer detection protocols among primary care physicians who have mostly low- to moderate-income African American and Hispanic patients through the quality control mechanisms of a Medicaid HMO. The sample comprised patient records housed in 48 Chicago area HMOs. The goal is to abstract 60 records from each HMO. The project was on hold for most of the fiscal year and resumed in April 1994. Records abstractors were hired and trained in May. By the first week of June 1994, data collection was underway and expected to continue into August 1994.

SRL completed a similar NCI-funded survey, originally for Loretta Lacey. The project evaluated the effectiveness of a health promotion campaign conducted among Chicago HMO patients designed to encourage early cancer detection and frequent medical checkups by disseminating information on a wallet-sized "health promotion card." Telephone interviews with 223 HMO patients in the Chicago metropolitan area assessed the nature and extent of patients' use of the card and their knowledge of and beliefs about cancer and the value of cancer screening. Data collection ended in July, and the project ended in August 1993.

In July 1993, SRL began the Cancer Information Service (CIS) Research Consortium project for Al Marcus of the AMC Cancer Research Center in Denver, who is the program project's principal investigator. SRL will conduct the survey work for this three-project program that will continue for four years. The goal is to test intervention strategies relative to information dissemination and behavior change. In Project 1, telephone interviews will be conducted with 5,000 women on their use of mammograms. Project 2 will involve interviews with respondents on calls made to them by AMC or CIS staff to educate them about mammograms and breast cancer. The calls will be made two to four weeks after the original call to assess respondents' recall and evaluation of the original call. Ultimately, six-month follow-ups are to be made with about 1,500 women. Project 3 will involve six-month follow-up telephone interviews with African American respondents who call CIS for information on quitting smoking. Warnecke is the Survey Core principal investigator. Questionnaire development and pretesting on Projects 1 and 2 took place during the year, as did a pilot study on Project 3.

The Ovarian Cancer Case Control study began this year for Karin Rosenblatt (UIUC Community Health), principal investigator, and Faith Davis and Katherine Mallin (SPH), co-investigators. The study is being funded by the National Institutes of Health to determine whether or not genital talc exposure causes ovarian cancer and whether fertility-promoting drugs, ovarian stimulants, or in vitro fertilization affect ovarian cancer risk. Face-to-face interviews will be conducted with 570 non-Asian women aged 20 through 74 residing in Cook County and having epithelial tumors, as well as with 600 control cases. SRL work began in October 1993 and will continue through June 1997. From April through the close of the year, SRL was involved in developing and revising the questionnaire.

Cognitive studies on health-related issues are described in the "Research on Cognition" section of this report.

Substance Abuse Research

Johnson was the principal investigator of a continuing study sponsored by DASA with funds from the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) Center for Substance Abuse Treatment. The purpose of this study, the Illinois Comprehensive Substance Abuse Study, was to produce precise incidence and prevalence estimates of alcohol and nonmedical drug abuse for the Illinois adult population as a whole and for subgroupings by age, gender, race/ethnicity, and DASA administrative region. The information gathered will help DASA to develop more effective prevention and treatment programs in Illinois and to apply state dollars in an optimal manner to reduce the human suffering that results from alcoholism and other drug abuse. The study involved telephone interviews in English and Spanish with 4,650 Illinois adults with oversamples of African American and Hispanic residents to develop more precise estimates for these groups. Questionnaire and sample development took place in July 1993, with data collection running into the fall. By January 1994, data reduction had begun, and the main data set was delivered to the client near the end of the fiscal year.

Conference presentation on this project:

Lakner, Edward W., & Johnson, Timothy P. (1993, November). A comparison of traditional and cognitive methods for pretesting survey questionnaires. Paper presented at the Midwest Association for Public Opinion Research, Chicago, IL.

The questionnaire for a new study for DASA was a variation of the questionnaire for the Illinois Comprehensive Substance Abuse Study. Funding for this study was provided to TASC, Inc., by DASA to determine the alcohol and drug treatment needs of Illinois prisoners. Computer-assisted personal interviews (CAPI) were conducted with 630 inmates at Joliet, Menard, Dwight, and Graham on their knowledge of HIV/AIDS risk factors and on their experiences with tobacco, alcohol, illicit drugs, substance use treatment programs, gangs, and sex prior to incarceration, as well as on their criminal history. The pretest was conducted in the prison at Joliet in December 1993. Data collection began in February at Joliet and at the other sites in May and continued into June, when the study ended. James Swartz (TASC, Inc.) and Johnson were the principal investigators.

Like the questionnaire for the Prison Survey, the questionnaire for the Illinois DCFS Client Survey was also a variation of that for the Illinois Comprehensive Substance Abuse Study, with items added by DCFS. This study sought to determine the substance abuse treatment needs of its clients. CAPI interviews with 150 clients in Cook County were conducted between December 1993 and May 1994. The project ended in June.

Paper published on a previously completed substance abuse study:

Johnson, Timothy P., & Parsons, Jennifer A. (1993). Measuring interviewer effects on self-reports from homeless persons [Presented at the American Association for Public Opinion Research, May 1993]. American Statistical Association 1993 Proceedings of the Section on Survey Research Methods: Vol. II, 1189­1194.

Conference presentation on a previously completed substance abuse study:

Johnson, Timothy P., Freels, Sally A., Parsons, Jennifer A., & VanGeest, Jonathan B. (1993, October). Substance abuse and homelessness: Social selection vs. social adaptation. Paper presented at the American Public Health Association, San Francisco, CA.

Youth and AIDS

The Youth AIDS Prevention Program (YAPP), a project for Susan Levy (PRC) carried over from the previous year. The project is federally funded through a grant from the National Institute of Mental Health. Data collection took place throughout the year. By July 1993, the main data collection had ended and validation was underway. The fifth wave questionnaire went out to students by mail in September, and Year 2 of the project began late that month. Telephone follow-up of nonresponders to the mail survey started in November. In December, a telephone follow-up pilot started, and in January 1994, testing of mail versus telephone methods was conducted to decide on the final data collection method. In February, it was decided that telephone data collection would continue.

A second AIDS study, the Minority Youth AIDS Prevention Program, seeks to test the efficacy of a classroom-based intervention program designed to prevent health-compromising behaviors such as violence, unsafe sexual behavior, and substance use/abuse among 10- to 13-year-old African American adolescents in poor neighborhoods of Chicago and its suburbs. Brian Flay (PRC) is the principal investigator. Cognitive pretesting took place in September 1993 and continued through November. Phase 2 interviewing was conducted in February 1994, and a pilot study was conducted in the spring. The study is scheduled for completion in June 1997. It is being funded by the National Institute for Child Health and Human Development.

Other Health-related Research

The principal investigator for a continuing study of the chronically disabled in Springfield, Massachusetts, was Vincent Mor of Brown University. Funding was from a grant from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJ). Sudman collaborated with this group on the design of the sampling techniques used to locate this very rare population. The sample consisted of both frail elderly and working age disabled people. The study incorporated the use of multiplicity sampling using a network sample of the frail elderly. The pretest began in August 1993, and data collection began in October, running through April 1994. Spanish interviewing began in January, as did proxy interviewing, the last data collection activity to be incorporated into the project. SRL completed 630 interviews for the study. Data reduction and file preparation were ongoing at the close of the year.

SRL conducted Rural Hospital Discharge Planner Think-Aloud Interviews for Mary Fennell (Pennsylvania State University) with funding from Pennsylvania State University. A think-aloud questionnaire was constructed in August and September 1993, after which interviews with seven hospital discharge planners were conducted in order to pretest a questionnaire to be used for a later telephone survey. Recommendations were made for revisions to a final questionnaire. SRL completed the project in September.

Papers published on previously completed health-related studies:

Kaluzny, Arnold, Brawley, Otis, Garson-Angert, Dan, Shaw, James, Godley, Paul, Warnecke, Richard B., & Ford, Leslie. (1993). Assuring access to state-of-the-art care for U.S. minority populations: The first 2 years of the minority-based Community Clinical Oncology Program. Journal of the National Cancer Institute, 85, 1945­1950.

Kaluzny, Arnold D., Lacey, Linda M., Warnecke, Richard B., Hynes, Denise M., Morrissey, Joseph, Ford, Leslie, & Sondik, Edward. (1993). Predicting the performance of a strategic alliance: An analysis of the Community Clinical Oncology Program. Health Service Research, 28, 159­182.

Kaluzny, Arnold D., Lacey, Linda M., Warnecke, Richard B., Morrissey, Joseph P., Sondik, Edward, & Ford, Leslie. (1994). Using a community cancer treatment trials network for cancer prevention and control research: Challenges and opportunities. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention, 3, 261­269.

Parsons, Jennifer A., Johnson, Timothy P., & Barrett, Mark E. (1993­94). Awareness and knowledge of alcohol beverage warning labels among homeless persons in Cook County, Illinois. International Quarterly of Community Health Education, 14(2), 153­163.

Conference presentation on a previously completed health study:

Parsons, Jennifer A. (1993, October). The relationship between social support and addictive behavior modification: Results of a meta-analysis of smoking, alcoholism, and obesity interventions. Paper presented at the American Public Health Association, San Francisco, CA.

Educational Concerns

Three projects on educational issues came from University of Illinois faculty. Work continued on the UIUC Athletics study for Ronald Guenther (UIUC Division of Intercollegiate Athletics). The purpose of the study was to assess the interests and involvement of undergraduate students in University sports as participants and spectators at all levels--intervarsity, club, and intramural. Data was collected by mail with mail and telephone follow-ups from 1,360 students during the spring semester of 1993 and was analyzed throughout the fall.

SRL also completed a project for Timothy Shanahan (UIC College of Education) this year. This research was conducted for the Chicago Center for Literacy, which is establishing a volunteer literacy tutoring program. The mail survey gathered information from 580 University undergraduate and graduate students concerning their interest in community service. It was completed in September 1993.

The third project was the Student Survey for Aaron T. Ebata (UIUC Human Resources and Family Studies). It involved data reduction on responses to a self-administered survey of 1,550 6th- through 11th-grade students in seven Illinois schools concerning their thoughts and opinions about themselves, their families, and their schools. SRL edited the questionnaires, listed the verbatim responses, and computerized the numeric data. SRL completed its part of the project in April 1994.

Other Studies

Work resumed on a project for the Illinois Hazardous Waste Research and Information Center (HWRIC) that had been on hold last year. The Waste Management Survey of Illinois Higher Education Institutions is funded by the Illinois Department of Energy and Natural Resources. Its purpose is to obtain information about the state of waste management at public and private higher education institutions in Illinois, including answers to questions such as whether there is a person or committee responsible for waste management and whether they handle or are aware of all of the waste generated by the campus. The study also seeks more detailed information on the institutions' waste management programs, generation sources, and need for assistance. Information will enable HWRIC, the Governor's Office, the Illinois Board of Higher Education, and other interested departments to assess programs, policies, procedures, and needs of the higher education community in Illinois and to help plan institutional compliance with federal hazardous waste mandates. Work on planning the project continuation resumed in the spring of 1994. Data collection will take place in early 1995.

The New Parenthood Project for Michele Kelley (SPH) continued this year. It focuses on how new mothers and fathers cope with the demands of parenthood. The purpose of the project is to examine distress related to pregnancy and birth. A secondary research objective is to examine changes in gender roles in couples that come after they have their first child. The mother and father are interviewed separately at three months prior to the baby's birth and three months after the baby is born. Questions cover health, ideas about childbirth, stresses of becoming a new parent, how the household work is done, marriage, employment, and use of alcohol and cigarettes. Upon completion of the second interview, the parents are mailed an infant temperament questionnaire that asks about the baby's development. The study is being funded by the Institute of Maternal and Child Health. The pretest for Wave 1 interviews (conducted three months before the baby is born) began in August 1993 and continued into October. Pretesting for Wave 2 (three months after the baby is born) started in December and ran into March 1994. Screening for the main study started in January, and Wave 1 interviewing began in February. Screening and Wave 1 interviews were ongoing at the close of the fiscal year. We expect to complete 350 Wave 1 and 320 Wave 2 interviews.

With funding from the H. A. Wilson Company, the UIUC Library Research Center subcontracted SRL this year to recruit Chicago area librarians to participate in focus groups. Leigh Estabrook (UIUC Graduate School of Library and Information Science) was the principal investigator for this study, in which the participants were selected after telephone screening to determine the type of library in which they worked, their level of interaction with patrons, and the extent of their use of Wilson products. The goal of the overall study was to analyze future trends. Focus group recruitment took place in August 1993, and five focus groups were conducted with a total of 50 participants. SRL's work was completed in September.

SRL conducted evaluations of the deans of two UIC colleges during the spring of 1994. The College of Nursing 1994 Evaluation of the Dean was conducted for Paul A. Reichelt (Administrative Studies in Nursing), and the College of Dentistry 1994 Evaluation of the Dean was conducted for Ellen A. BeGole (Orthodontics). Each surveyed the respective college's students, support staff, and faculty concerning their opinions about the performance of the college's dean as part of a five-year evaluation of the dean's performance. In the College of Nursing, 200 faculty, staff, and students completed questionnaires; in the College of Dentistry, 320 faculty, staff, students, and alumni completed questionnaires.

Susan Lloyd (Northwestern University) is the principal investigator for another new study at SRL this year. Women and Violence in West Humboldt Park is funded by the MacArthur Foundation and sponsored by Northwestern University. The study focuses on the impact of domestic and street violence on the labor force participation and selected child-rearing decisions of women living in the West Humboldt Park neighborhood of Chicago. A face-to-face survey of 800 women in West Humboldt Park will be conducted. Only female interviewers will be used, and two-thirds of the interviewers will be bilingual (the questionnaire will be translated into Spanish). The project was in the planning stages from April 1994 to the end of the fiscal year.

A newly funded study for John Mirowsky and Catherine Ross (formerly UIUC Sociology, now Ohio State University) started this year. The Aging, Status and Sense of Control study seeks to specify and explain the relationship between age and changes in one's sense of control. The researchers will follow a panel of respondents (disproportionately stratified to include more persons aged 60 and older) over a four-year period and record changes in the sense of control. An expected 2,600 respondents will be interviewed by telephone during the first and fourth years of the study to assess change. During the second and third years, tracking telephone calls will be made to their households only to ascertain whether or not the panel respondent can still be found there and/or can be reached for an interview. The study is sponsored by the National Institute on Aging (NIA). Questionnaire development began in April 1994, with a pretest planned for early next fiscal year.

Paper published on a previously completed study:

Spaeth, Joe L., & O'Rourke, Diane. (1994). Designing and implementing the National Organizations Study. American Behavioral Scientist, 37, 872­890.

Conference presentation on a previously completed study:

Phillips, Joan M., Mitra, Ananda, Knaap, Gerrit, Simon, Alison, Temperly, Sylvia, & Lakner, Edward. (1994, May). The determinants of acquiescence to preprinted information on establishment survey instruments. Paper presented at the American Association for Public Opinion Research, Danvers, MA.

Service Projects

SRL undertook 13 service projects (small projects costing less than $2,500) during the year, some for University of Illinois faculty, staff, and students and some for non­University of Illinois researchers.

Projects for University of Illinois Researchers

SRL worked on nine service projects for University of Illinois faculty, staff, and students:

Data reduction and data processing on the Working Families study for Maureen Perry-Jenkins (UIUC Human Resources and Family Studies) continued from last year, and were completed in August 1993.

Interviewers were trained for the Greater Roseland Community study for James G. Kelly (UIC Psychology) in July, August, and September 1993. Coder training began in September. SRL also assisted with questionnaire development and the development of training materials. The project was completed in December.

SRL performed data processing on 300 cases for Carol Menaker (UIUC Office of Publications) in September and October 1993.

SRL conducted a data analysis of the users of the UIUC Research Services Office (RSO) for Peg Lowry, director of that office. A list of RSO users was compared with a Grants and Contracts list of proposal submitters to identify associations.

O'Rourke worked with Charles Kozoll (UIUC Continuing Education and Public Service) throughout the year, advising him on questionnaire development and study design for a Study of Continuing Education for County Officials.

In August 1993, data entry and processing of 400 cases started up on an organizational health service project for Marcia Chaimovitz (UIC College of Education). The project was completed by the end of September.

SRL typed questionnaires for Edward Lakner (formerly SRL, now UIUC Graduate School of Library and Information Science).

SRL typed questionnaires and reports for Thomas O'Rourke (UIUC Community Health).

The Board of Directors survey was funded by the College of Commerce and Business Administration. Howard Thomas, Dean of Commerce and Business Administration, and Donald E. O'Neal, a doctoral student in Business Administration had SRL help with questionnaire design and typing of the survey materials for the study.

Projects for Non­University of Illinois Researchers

An additional four projects were undertaken for non­University of Illinois researchers:

SRL entered data for 1,250 cases from a completed study it conducted jointly with Arnold Kaluzny (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill), an evaluation of NCI's Community Clinical Oncology Program. Data entry was performed for Thomas Ricketts (Health Services Research Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill).

Stephanie Roodman (MacArthur Foundation) entered into a service agreement with SRL for data entry and analysis of 330 cases.

Mary Davis (MacArthur Foundation) had SRL process data for 135 cases from two surveys, a business partners and supervisors survey and a survey of interns.

O'Rourke advised the Parkland College (Champaign, Illinois) Committee on the Status of Women on the design of a mail survey of employees on the institutional climate to assess personal experiences as well as the perceived level of discrimination at the College, whether due to gender, race, age, sexual preference, religion, or part-time status. Work began on the study design in July 1993 and ended with advice on analysis in April 1994.

PROJECT DEVELOPMENT

Of 21 pending projects that carried over from 1992­93, 8 were funded and became new SRL studies this year. An additional 6 were funded from the 43 new pending projects begun in 1993­94. Of the 50 projects that were not funded in 1993­94, 29 were for University of Illinois faculty and staff.

Projects Still Pending at the Close of the Year

Of projects that were still pending at the end of June 1993, 20 were for University of Illinois faculty and staff:

Warnecke is to be the principal investigator for a project submitted to NCI in which mail surveys and face-to-face, on-site interviews will be used to assess how community-based smoking cessation strategies activated by outside agencies are initiated, influenced, maintained, and institutionalized at various organizational levels within the community. The project was pending through the close of the year.

Sudman (principal investigator) and O'Rourke (co-investigator) worked on a National Science Foundation (NSF) proposal on the Cognitive Aspects of Organizational Reporting, which was not funded and is being reworked. The following conference presentation was based on pilot work for this proposal:

Sudman, Seymour, & Phillips, Joan M. (1994, May). Cognitive aspects of organizational reporting. Paper presented at the American Association for Public Opinion Research, Danvers, MA.

Johnson, Sally Freels (SPH), and Jennifer Parsons (SRL) submitted a proposal to NIDA to conduct secondary data analysis of the homeless data set collected by SRL for DASA in 1990.

Johnson and O'Rourke are the principal investigators for a proposal they submitted in May. The Ethnic Identification Study, for which they seek NCHS funding, is to examine the responses of racially mixed and Hispanic women as they answer questions related to their racial and ethnic identification.

Johnson is proposed as the principal investigator and Sudman and Michael Fendrich (UIC Institute for Juvenile Research) as co-investigators for a project for NIDA in which 600 think-aloud interviews are to be used to improve reports on drug use and associated behaviors. The proposal was submitted in February.

Richard Campbell (UIC Sociology), Baila Miller (Jane Addams College of Social Work), and Thomas Prohaska (SPH) received funding from NIA for Cognitive Experiments on Long-Term Care; SRL work will begin in 1995.

Karen Conrad (UIC Public Health Nursing) sought National Center for Nursing Research funds for a study of Firefighter Safety Issues. Eleven hundred and twenty firefighters and 70 fire chiefs are to be interviewed for the project.

AmFar funds are being sought for a proposed study on the Needs of HIV Positive Women for Mark Kaplan (UIUC Social Work). Face-to-face interviews with 150 women will be conducted to assess the needs of HIV positive women in Chicago.

SRL helped David Carley (UIC Medicine) to develop a proposal for DHHS funds for a study of the Cardiovascular Consequences of Sleep Apnea. The study is to determine the degree to which sleep-related breathing disorders are an independent or contributing risk factor for developing or exacerbating cardiovascular or cerebrovascular disease and to determine the associations among sleep-related breathing disorders, cardiovascular disease, and cerebrovascular disease in different age, gender, and ethnic groups.

The Nutrition and Breast Cancer study proposal was developed this year for Savitri Kamath (UIC Nutrition and Medical Dietetics). Face-to-face interviews are to be used to compare Asian Indian women with European American women on clinical measures of hormones and oxidative stress to determine differences related to dietary intake.

Judith Richman (UIC Psychiatry) was the client for a proposal for an epidemiologic study of Sexual Abuse on the UIC Campus. Focus groups and a mail survey of 800 respondents are to be conducted on harassment, gender, and drinking.

The Freshman Alcohol Survey for Janet Reis (UIUC Community Health) is to examine the alcohol-related attitudes and behaviors of University of Illinois freshmen.

The UIC Employee Satisfaction study for Roslyn Hoffman, UIC associate vice chancellor for administration, proposes to survey 750 nonacademic and 750 academic professionals and 2,980 hospital staff members by mail to assess employee attitudes and job satisfaction.

A Library and Information Science Study for Edward Lakner (formerly SRL, now UIUC Graduate School of Library and Information Science) was proposed to the U.S. Department of Education.

SRL worked on a proposal with Krystal Fitzpatrick (UIUC Campus Police) for a UIUC Police Services Survey.

The Bioengineering Needs Assessment, developed for Irving Miller (UIC Chemical Engineering) seeks Whitaker Foundation funds for mail surveys at academic institutions, in industry, and at hospitals to define the discipline of bioengineering, to determine current training and employment practices, to project future industry needs for bioengineering graduates, and to project changes in the field over the next decade.

A proposal for Cedric Herring (UIC Sociology) will involve telephone and interviews on the Transition from School to Work with funds requested from the MacArthur Foundation.

SRL assisted Charles Kozoll (UIUC Continuing Education and Public Service) on a proposed Continuing Education for Senior Citizens study to assess the motivation of senior citizens to participate in formal continuing education. Telephone interviews are to be conducted with 200 people aged 60 and older in Rockford and Peoria on their past and future continuing education. The proposal was not funded by the Retirement Research Foundation, and Kozoll is looking for another funding source.

NIA funds are being sought by Guenther Lueschen (UIUC Sociology) for a study of Aging and Aging Policy in the United States and Germany that would involve 1,000 telephone interviews.

A proposed service project involving data reduction for the MacArthur Foundation and Thomas Weinstein (UIC College of Education) was still pending at the close of the year.

Of projects that were still pending at the end of June 1993, 12 were for non­University of Illinois researchers:

The Illinois Department of Conservation plans a statewide telephone study of participation in outdoor recreation activities for 1994. SRL has conducted several outdoor recreation studies for the Department of Conservation in past years.

Susan J. Popkin of Abt Associates is to be the principal investigator and SRL's Victoria Gwiasda co-investigator for a proposed evaluation of the Chicago Housing Authority's (CHA's) antidrug initiatives to be funded by the National Institute of Justice. The study is to include 108 face-to-face interviews, 20 with CHA staff.

Catherine Ross (formerly UIUC Sociology, now Ohio State University) was the client for a proposed project on ways in which community context affects the health and well-being of individuals across the life course.

SRL worked on a proposal for William Cockerham (formerly UIUC Sociology, now University of Alabama in Birmingham) on Aging and Aging Policy in the U.S. and Japan. Telephone interviews are to be conducted with 1,000 respondents.

Brown University, for which SRL previously conducted a network study of the disabled, is pursuing a second study of the disabled.

Silvia Pedraza of the University of Michigan is the client for a proposed study of Ethnic Enterprises in Chicago to be conducted with NSF and MacArthur Foundation funds. The sample will consist of 450 business owners from six ethnic groups--Mexicans, Puerto Ricans, Cubans, Koreans, Chinese, and Filipinos--who will be interviewed face-to-face to obtain data on the founding and operation of their businesses, their problems, and their successes to determine factors that contribute to the success of small ethnic enterprises in Chicago and whether there are differences in the experiences of various ethnic groups.

A Chicago-area ethnic study was also proposed by Tom Regulus of Loyola University on Trauma Stress and Adaptation of Southeast Asian Youth. NSF funds will be used for SRL to conduct statistical analysis of face-to-face interview data.

The Metropolitan Chicago Opportunity Study was developed for Faith Paul of the Public Policy Research Consortium. Paul seeks MacArthur Foundation funds for a self-administered survey of 10th- through 12th-grade students, guidance counselors, and parents from 200 schools. The project will focus on perceptions of labor market opportunities in the Chicago metropolitan area.

A proposal on mammography for Lori Crane of the AMC Cancer Research Center was funded by the Department of Defense late this year, although SRL work will not begin until late 1995.

SRL is to conduct the survey portion of a study for James Swartz (TASC, Inc.) on alcohol and substance abuse by arrestees that will be submitted to the Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority. It will replicate the National Drug Use Forecasting (DUF) Program survey methodology in several locations outside of Chicago in order to produce statewide estimates.

Two related studies are being proposed for Dee Fenner of RUSH Presbyterian­St. Luke's. The Epidemiologic Racial and Incontinence Data Survey is being proposed in two parts--a pilot study and the main study. SRL will assist in this study of incontinence among African American and Hispanic women as one component of a much larger study involving up to eight cities. Twenty-two hundred women between the ages of 20 and 90, divided between the two groups, will be interviewed face-to-face. Part of SRL's work will be to serve as a coordinating center for data from other sites. The proposal was on hold at the end of the year.

Projects That Did Not Receive Funding

Of projects that were not funded, nine were for University of Illinois researchers:

Bonnie Chakravorty's (UIUC Community Health) proposed a study on Nonalcoholic Beer. She sought help recruiting UIUC students for focus groups.

Robert Zalenski (UIC Center for Health Services Research) approached SRL for a service contract, but none was drawn up.

Warnecke worked on a proposal for RWJ to conduct between 2,400 and 4,800 household telephone interviews in up to 18 states that receive RWJ funding for tobacco coalitions.

A proposal for a national mail survey of librarians on consumer health information was developed for Keith Cogdill (UIC Library of the Health Sciences).

SRL worked with Arden Handler (UIC Community Health Sciences) on a proposal for a telephone study of satisfaction with prenatal care to examine the relationship between the characteristics of prenatal care and a woman's satisfaction with her prenatal care experience and the relationship between satisfaction and utilization of services during pregnancy and in the postpartum period.

Susan Levy (PRC) and David Ward (New York University) were the clients for a proposed face-to-face survey of ninth graders on AIDS risk factors. The study's focus was to be on condom use and AIDS education in high school.

UIC Campus Auxiliary Services proposed a mail survey with telephone follow-up.

John Walsh (UIC Sociology) submitted a proposal for a study on Computer-mediated Communication in Science.

The Coordinating Center for Research proposal (Warnecke, principal investigator) sought NIA funds to conduct focus groups with women from various socioeconomic, racial, and ethnic backgrounds to explore the concept of menopause.

There were also nine unfunded proposals for non­University of Illinois researchers:

Dennis Bertram (State University of New York at Buffalo) requested a budget for a mail study of rheumatologists.

The National Council of Teachers of English made an inquiry about data entry for its All Member Survey.

DCFS requested a budget for face-to-face interviews for a study of DCFS mothers.

The Illinois Auditor General inquired about survey research related to an audit of DCFS.

A subcontract with NORC for a project for the Bureau of the Census was proposed.

SRL worked with the Chicago Transportation Authority on a ridership survey.

Richard Sherman of the Illinois Criminal Justice Authority proposed an evaluation of the antidrug initiatives of the City of East St. Louis, Illinois.

SRL worked on a proposal for Robert Kiely, the city manager of the City of Lake Forest, for a communitywide survey of households to obtain opinions and feedback from residents on the quality of city services, desired goals and policies, and other issues.

SRL worked on a proposal for Wes Cohen (Carnegie-Melon University) for a national survey of corporate research directors, which was to have been conducted by mail with telephone follow-up.

ADVISING

SRL continued its policy of giving free advice to University faculty, staff, and students in 1993­94. Staff members spent 130 hours on these services, with 75 hours provided to the Chicago campus community and 55 to Urbana's campus. These figures do not include time spent on the project development activities described above.

RESEARCH FACULTY

Six research faculty members held appointments at SRL in 1993­94. Warnecke's academic appointments are in the Departments of Sociology and Epidemiology and Biostatistics in Chicago and Sociology in Urbana. Sudman's appointments are in the Departments of Business Administration and Sociology in Urbana. Paul Levy (UIC Epidemiology and Biostatistics), Gerald Strom (UIC Political Science), Barry Chiswick (UIC Economics), and Roland Liebert (UIUC Sociology) held zero-time appointments with the Laboratory.

OTHER ACTIVITIES

Two nonconference presentations were made by SRL staff members this year. Johnson presented "Health-related Experiences of the Homeless Adolescent in Chicago" with Jeannie Aschkenasy (RUSH Presbyterian­St. Luke's) to the Pediatric Grand Rounds at RUSH Medical College in Chicago in October 1993, and O'Rourke presented "Services of the University of Illinois Survey Research Laboratory for Planning Studies" to the American Planning Association's Greater Illinois Section in Urbana in February 1994.

Warnecke spent a portion of the year planning and seeking funding sources for the Sixth Conference on Health Survey Research Methods. The conference will be funded by RWJ, the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research, NCHS, the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, the Health Resources and Services Administration, NCI, and the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. The focus of the conference will be major survey activities that are ongoing in the federal statistical program, the use of surveys in health care policy, and the ongoing methodological research relevant to these activities. The conference will produce state-of-the-art summaries of methodological knowledge and agendas for needed methodological research. It will be held June 24­26, 1995, in Breckenridge, Colorado.

SRL staff members published and made conference presentations on a variety of topics not directly related to SRL studies. These are listed below.

Publications

Fox, Patricia G., Cowell, Julia Muennich, & Montgomery, Andrew C. (1994). The effects of violence on health and adjustment of Southeast Asian refugee children: An integrative review. Public Health Nursing, 11(3), 195­201.

Hougland, James G., Johnson, Timothy P., & Wolf, James G. (1993, August). A fairly common ambiguity: Comparing rating and approval measures in public opinion polling. Sociological Focus, 25, 257­271.

Mitra, Ananda. (1993). Television and popular culture in India: A study of the Mahabharat. New Delhi, India: Sage.

------. (1994). An Indian religious soap opera and the Hindu image. Media, Culture and Society, 16, 149­155.

------. (1994). Use of focus groups in the design of recreation needs assessment questionnaires. Evaluation and Program Planning, 17(2), 133­140.

Phillips, Joan M., & Schuldt, Richard. (1993). Gender and response effects in a pre-election poll: Illinois 1992 [Presented at the American Association for Public Opinion Research, May 1993]. American Statistical Association 1993 Proceedings of the Section on Survey Research Methods: Vol. II, 1195­1200.

Schwarz, Norbert, & Sudman, Seymour (Eds.). (1994). Autobiographical memory and the validity of retrospective reports. New York: Springer-Verlag.

Williams, Ann E., Conrad, Karen, Montgomery, Andrew C., & Simon, Kathy. (1993). Factors associated with male workers' engagement in physical activity: White versus blue collar workers. American Association of Occupational Health Nurses, 41(2), 73­83.

Conference Presentations

Grant, Susan J., & Contractor, Noshir S. (1993, November). Dynamic modelling of the social influence process: A networks approach. Paper presented at the Speech Communication Association, Miami, FL.

Herbers, Mary R., Aschkenasy, Jeannie R., & Johnson, Timothy P. (1993, October). Self-reported victimization among homeless youth in Chicago. Paper presented at the American Public Health Association, San Francisco, CA.

Johnson, Timothy P., Herbers, Mary R., & Aschkenasy, Jeannie R. (1993, October). Correlates of substance use among homeless youth in Chicago. Paper presented at the American Public Health Association, San Francisco, CA.

Mitra, Ananda. (1993, October). Constructing the Indian-American image in media. Paper presented at the Conference on South Asian Studies, Madison, WI.

Parsons, Jennifer A., & Johnson, Timothy P. (1993, November). A meta-analysis of interviewer gender effect studies: Preliminary findings. Paper presented at the Midwest Association for Public Opinion Research, Chicago, IL.

Parsons, Jennifer A., & Johnson, Timothy P. (1994, May). A meta-analysis of interviewer gender and race effects on survey data. Paper presented at the American Association for Public Opinion Research, Danvers, MA.

Popkin, Susan J., Olson, Lynn M., Gwiasda, Victoria E., Lurigio, Arthur J., & Carter, Ruth. (1994, March). The CHA's Public Housing Drug Elimination Program: A retrospective view. Paper presented at the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences, Chicago, IL.

Talashek, Marie, & Montgomery, Andrew C. (1993, October). Testing a model of adolescent maturity and pregnancy: The first year's experience. Paper presented at the American Public Health Association, San Francisco, CA.

Talashek, Marie, & Montgomery, Andrew C. (1994, June). Substance abuse, sexual practices and teen pregnancy. Paper presented at the 38th International Institutes on the Prevention and Treatment of Alcoholism and Drug Dependence, Prague, Czech Republic.

Wilbur, JoEllen, Dan, Alice, Chandler, Peggy, Montgomery, Andrew C., & Holm, Karen. (1993, November). The relationship between aerobic fitness and bone density in healthy midlife women. Paper presented at the American Nurses Association Council of Nurse Researchers, Washington, DC.

Wilbur, JoEllen, Miller, Arlene, & Montgomery, Andrew C. (1993, October). Menopausal attitudes and symptoms in employed midlife women. Paper presented at the American Public Health Association, San Francisco, CA.






APPENDIX A

STAFF ACTIVITIES, 1993­1994

Publications of SRL Staff

Johnson, Timothy P. (with James G. Hougland & James G. Wolf). (1993, August). A fairly common ambiguity: Comparing rating and approval measures in public opinion polling. Sociological Focus, 25, 257­271.

------ (with Diane O'Rourke, Noel Chavez, Loretta Lacey, Seymour Sudman, Richard Warnecke, & John Horm). (1994). Social cognition and responses to health survey questions among minority populations: Preliminary evidence. Proceedings of the 1993 Public Health Conference on Records and Statistics: Toward the Year 2000: Refining the Measures. (DHHS Publication No. [PHS] 94-1214 pp. 357­362). Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics.

------ (with Diane O'Rourke, Seymour Sudman, Richard Warnecke, & Jared B. Jobe). (1993). The effect of regularity on the accuracy of reporting of medical tests [Presented at the American Association for Public Opinion Research, May 1993]. American Statistical Association 1993 Proceedings of the Section on Survey Research Methods: Vol. II, 1064­1069.

------ (with Jennifer A. Parsons). (1993). Measuring interviewer effects on self-reports from homeless persons [Presented at the American Association for Public Opinion Research, May 1993]. American Statistical Association 1993 Proceedings of the Section on Survey Research Methods: Vol. II, 1189­1194.

------ (with Jennifer A. Parsons). (1994). Interviewer effects on self-reported substance use among homeless persons. Addictive Behaviors, 19, 83­93.

------ (with Jennifer A. Parsons & Mark E. Barrett). (1993­94). Awareness and knowledge of alcohol beverage warning labels among homeless persons in Cook County, Illinois. International Quarterly of Community Health Education, 14(2), 153­163.

------ (with Jennifer A. Parsons, Richard B. Warnecke, & Arnold D. Kaluzny). (1993, August). Dimensions of mail questionnaires and response quality. Sociological Focus, 26, 271­274.

------ (with Seymour Sudman, Richard Warnecke, Diane O'Rourke, Andrew M. Davis, & Jared B. Jobe). (1993). Cognitive aspects of reporting cancer prevention examinations and tests. American Statistical Association 1993 Proceedings of the Section on Survey Research Methods: Vol. I, 324­329.

Mitra, Ananda. (1993). Television and popular culture in India: A study of the Mahabharat. New Delhi, India: Sage.

------. (1994). An Indian religious soap opera and the Hindu image. Media, Culture and Society, 16, 149­155.

------. (1994). Use of focus groups in the design of recreation needs assessment questionnaires. Evaluation and Program Planning, 17(2), 133­140.

Montgomery, Andrew C. (with Patricia G. Fox & Julia Muennich Cowell). (1994). The effects of violence on health and adjustment of Southeast Asian refugee children: An integrative review. Public Health Nursing, 11(3), 195­201.

------ (with Ann E. Williams, Karen Conrad, & Kathy Simon). (1993). Factors associated with male workers' engagement in physical activity: White versus blue collar workers. American Association of Occupational Health Nurses, 41(2), 73­83.

O'Rourke, Diane P. (with Timothy Johnson, Noel Chavez, Loretta Lacey, Seymour Sudman, Richard Warnecke, & John Horm). (1994). Social cognition and responses to health survey questions among minority populations: Preliminary evidence. Proceedings of the 1993 Public Health Conference on Records and Statistics: Toward the Year 2000: Refining the Measures. (DHHS Publication No. [PHS] 94-1214, pp. 357­362). Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics.

------ (with Timothy Johnson, Seymour Sudman, Richard Warnecke, & Jared B. Jobe). (1993). The effect of regularity on the accuracy of reporting of medical tests [Presented at the American Association for Public Opinion Research, May 1993]. American Statistical Association 1993 Proceedings of the Section on Survey Research Methods: Vol. II, 1064­1069.

------ (with Joe L. Spaeth). (1994). Designing and implementing the National Organizations Study. American Behavioral Scientist, 37, 872­890.

------ (with Seymour Sudman, Richard Warnecke, Timothy Johnson, Andrew M. Davis, & Jared B. Jobe). (1993). Cognitive aspects of reporting cancer prevention examinations and tests. American Statistical Association 1993 Proceedings of the Section on Survey Research Methods: Vol. I, 324­329.

Parsons, Jennifer A. (with Timothy P. Johnson). (1993). Measuring interviewer effects on self-reports from homeless persons [Presented at the American Association for Public Opinion Research, May 1993]. American Statistical Association 1993 Proceedings of the Section on Survey Research Methods: Vol. II, 1189­1194.

------ (with Timothy P. Johnson). (1994). Interviewer effects on self-reported substance use among homeless persons. Addictive Behaviors, 19, 83­93.

------ (with Timothy P. Johnson & Mark E. Barrett). (1993­94). Awareness and knowledge of alcohol beverage warning labels among homeless persons in Cook County, Illinois. International Quarterly of Community Health Education, 14(2), 153­163.

------ (with Timothy P. Johnson, Richard B. Warnecke, & Arnold D. Kaluzny). (1993, August). Dimensions of mail questionnaires and response quality. Sociological Focus, 26, 271­274.

Phillips, Joan M. (with Richard Schuldt). (1993). Gender and response effects in a pre-election poll: Illinois 1992 [Presented at the American Association for Public Opinion Research, May 1993]. American Statistical Association 1993 Proceedings of the Section on Survey Research Methods: Vol. II, 1195­1200.

Sudman, Seymour (with Barbara Bickart, Johnny Blair, & Geeta Menon). (1994). A comparison of self- and proxy-reporting. In Norbert Schwarz & Seymour Sudman (Eds.), Autobiographical memory and the validity of retrospective reports (pp. 251­266). New York: Springer-Verlag.

------ (with Johnny Blair). (1993). Respondent perceptions of reinterviews. Proceedings, 1993 Annual Research Conference, Bureau of the Census, 701­716.

------ (with Timothy Johnson, Diane O'Rourke, Noel Chavez, Loretta Lacey, Richard Warnecke, & John Horm). (1994). Social cognition and responses to health survey questions among minority populations: Preliminary evidence. Proceedings of the 1993 Public Health Conference on Records and Statistics: Toward the Year 2000: Refining the Measures. (DHHS Publication No. [PHS] 94-1214, pp. 357­362). Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics.

------ (with Diane O'Rourke, Timothy Johnson, Richard Warnecke, & Jared B. Jobe). (1993). The effect of regularity on the accuracy of reporting of medical tests [Presented at the American Association for Public Opinion Research, May 1993]. American Statistical Association 1993 Proceedings of the Section on Survey Research Methods: Vol. II, 1064­1069.

------ (with Norbert Schwarz, [Eds.]). (1994). Autobiographical memory and the validity of retrospective reports. New York: Springer-Verlag.

------ (with Richard Warnecke, Timothy Johnson, Diane O'Rourke, Andrew M. Davis, & Jared B. Jobe). (1993). Cognitive aspects of reporting cancer prevention examinations and tests. American Statistical Association 1993 Proceedings of the Section on Survey Research Methods: Vol. I, 324­329.

Warnecke, Richard B. (with Brian R. Flay, Stephanie McFall, Dee Burton, & Thomas D. Cook). (1993). Health behavior changes through television: The roles of de facto and motivated selection processes. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 34, 322­335.

------ (with Timothy Johnson, Diane O'Rourke, Noel Chavez, Loretta Lacey, Seymour Sudman, & John Horm). (1994). Social cognition and responses to health survey questions among minority populations: Preliminary evidence. Proceedings of the 1993 Public Health Conference on Records and Statistics: Toward the Year 2000: Refining the Measures. (DHHS Publication No. [PHS] 94-1214, pp. 357­362). Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics.

------ (with Timothy P. Johnson, Jennifer A. Parsons, & Arnold D. Kaluzny). (1993, August). Dimensions of mail questionnaires and response quality. Sociological Focus, 26, 271­274.

------ (with Arnold Kaluzny, Otis Brawley, Dan Garson-Angert, James Shaw, Paul Godley, & Leslie Ford). (1993). Assuring access to state-of-the-art care for U.S. minority populations: The first 2 years of the minority-based Community Clinical Oncology Program. Journal of the National Cancer Institute, 85, 1945­1950.

------ (with Arnold D. Kaluzny, Linda M. Lacey, Denise M. Hynes, Joseph Morrissey, Leslie Ford, & Edward Sondik). (1993). Predicting the performance of a strategic alliance: An analysis of the Community Clinical Oncology Program. Health Service Research, 28, 159­182.

------ (with Arnold D. Kaluzny, Linda M. Lacey, Joseph P. Morrissey, Edward Sondik, & Leslie Ford). (1994). Using a community cancer treatment trials network for cancer prevention and control research: Challenges and opportunities. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention, 3, 261­269.

------ (with Frederick J. Kviz, Melissa A. Clark, Kathleen S. Crittenden, & Sally Freels). (1994). Age and readiness to quit smoking. Preventive Medicine, 23, 211­222.

------ (with Frederick J. Kviz, Kathleen S. Crittenden, & K. J. Madura). (1994). Use and effectiveness of buddy support in a self-help smoking cessation program. American Journal of Health Promotion, 8(3), 191­201.

------ (with Frederick J. Kviz, Kathleen S. Crittenden, Melissa A. Clark, & K. J. Madura). (1994). Buddy support among older smokers in a smoking cessation program. Journal of Aging and Health, 6, 229­254.

------ (with Diane O'Rourke, Timothy Johnson, Seymour Sudman, & Jared B. Jobe). (1993). The effect of regularity on the accuracy of reporting of medical tests [Presented at the American Association for Public Opinion Research, May 1993]. American Statistical Association 1993 Proceedings of the Section on Survey Research Methods: Vol. II, 1064­1069.

------ (with Seymour Sudman, Timothy Johnson, Diane O'Rourke, Andrew M. Davis, & Jared B. Jobe). (1993). Cognitive aspects of reporting cancer prevention examinations and tests. American Statistical Association 1993 Proceedings of the Section on Survey Research Methods: Vol. I, 324­329.

Conference Organization

Mitra, Ananda. Organized and directed the Fifth Annual Tagore Conference of the University of Illinois, October 1993, Urbana, IL.

O'Rourke, Diane. Chaired session on Pretesting and questionnaire development. Field Directors/ Technologies Conference, Boston, MA, May 1994.

Sudman, Seymour (with Norbert Schwarz). Organizer, Stellner Conference on Methods of Determining Cognitive Processes Used to Answer Questions, Allerton Park, Monticello, Illinois, November 6­9, 1993.

Conference Participation and Other Professional Appearances

Grant, Susan J. (with Noshir S. Contractor). (1993, November). Dynamic modelling of the social influence process: A networks approach. Paper presented at the Speech Communication Association, Miami, FL.

Gwiasda, Victoria E. (with Susan J. Popkin, Lynn M. Olson, Arthur J. Lurigio, & Ruth Carter). (1994, March). The CHA's Public Housing Drug Elimination Program: A retrospective view. Paper presented at the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences, Chicago, IL.

Johnson, Timothy P. (with Sally A. Freels, Jennifer A. Parsons, & Jonathan B. VanGeest). (1993, October). Substance abuse and homelessness: Social selection vs. social adaptation. Paper presented at the American Public Health Association, San Francisco, CA.

------ (with Mary R. Herbers & Jeannie R. Aschkenasy). (1993, October). Correlates of substance use among homeless youth in Chicago. Paper presented at the American Public Health Association, San Francisco, CA.

------ (with Mary R. Herbers & Jeannie R. Aschkenasy). (1993, October). Self-reported victimization among homeless youth in Chicago. Paper presented at the American Public Health Association, San Francisco, CA.

------ (with Edward W. Lakner). (1993, November). A comparison of traditional and cognitive methods for pretesting survey questionnaires. Paper presented at the Midwest Association for Public Opinion Research, Chicago, IL.

------ (with Diane O'Rourke). (1994, May). Identifying problem questions among culturally diverse populations. Paper presented at the Field Directors/Technologies Conference, Boston, MA.

------ (with Diane O'Rourke, Noel Chavez, Loretta Lacey, Seymour Sudman, Richard Warnecke, & John Horm). (1993, July). Social cognition and responses to health survey questions among minority populations: Preliminary evidence. Paper presented at the Public Health Conference on Records and Statistics, Washington, DC.

------ (with Diane O'Rourke, Noel Chavez, Seymour Sudman, Richard Warnecke, Loretta Lacey, & John Horm). (1994, March). Development of a methodology for examining cultural differences in the cognitive processing of health survey questions. Paper presented at the National Center for Health Statistics Workshop: Research Issues to Address Minority Health Data Needs, Rockville, MD.

------ (with Jennifer A. Parsons). (1993, November). A meta-analysis of interviewer gender effect studies: Preliminary findings. Paper presented at the Midwest Association for Public Opinion Research, Chicago, IL.

------ (with Jennifer A. Parsons). (1994, May). A meta-analysis of interviewer gender and race effects on survey data. Paper presented at the American Association for Public Opinion Research, Danvers, MA.

------ (with Seymour Sudman, Richard Warnecke, Diane O'Rourke, Andrew M. Davis, & Jared Jobe). (1993, August). Cognitive aspects of reporting cancer prevention examinations and tests. Paper presented at the American Statistical Association, San Francisco, CA.

Mitra, Ananda. (1993, October). Constructing the Indian-American image in media. Paper presented at the Conference on South Asian Studies, Madison, WI.

------ (with Joan M. Phillips, Gerrit Knaap, Alison Simon, Sylvia Temperly, & Edward Lakner). (1994, May). The determinants of acquiescence to preprinted information on establishment survey instruments. Paper presented at the American Association for Public Opinion Research, Danvers, MA.

Montgomery, Andrew C. (with Marie Talashek). (1993, October). Testing a model of adolescent maturity and pregnancy: The first year's experience. Paper presented at the American Public Health Association, San Francisco, CA.

------ (with Marie Talashek). (1994, June). Substance abuse, sexual practices and teen pregnancy. Paper presented at the 38th International Institutes on the Prevention and Treatment of Alcoholism and Drug Dependence, Prague, Czech Republic.

------ (with JoEllen Wilbur, Alice Dan, Peggy Chandler, & Karen Holm). (1993, November). The relationship between aerobic fitness and bone density in healthy midlife women. Paper presented at the American Nurses Association Council of Nurse Researchers, Washington, DC.

------ (with JoEllen Wilbur & Arlene Miller). (1993, October). Menopausal attitudes and symptoms in employed midlife women. Paper presented at the American Public Health Association, San Francisco, CA.

O'Rourke, Diane (with Timothy Johnson). (1994, May). Identifying problem questions among culturally diverse respondents. Paper presented at the Field Directors/Technologies Conference, Boston, MA.

------ (with Timothy Johnson, Noel Chavez, Loretta Lacey, Seymour Sudman, Richard Warnecke, & John Horm). (1993, July). Social cognition and responses to health survey questions among minority populations: Preliminary evidence. Paper presented at the Public Health Conference on Records and Statistics, Washington, DC.

------ (with Timothy P. Johnson, Noel Chavez, Seymour Sudman, Richard Warnecke, Loretta Lacey, & John Horm). (1994, March). Development of a methodology for examining cultural differences in the cognitive processing of health survey questions. Paper presented at the National Center for Health Statistics Workshop: Research Issues to Address Minority Health Data Needs, Rockville, MD.

------ (with Seymour Sudman, Richard Warnecke, Timothy Johnson, Andrew M. Davis, & Jared Jobe). (1993, August). Cognitive aspects of reporting cancer prevention examinations and tests. Paper presented at the American Statistical Association, San Francisco, CA.

Parsons, Jennifer A. (1993, October). The relationship between social support and addictive behavior modification: Results of a meta-analysis of smoking, alcoholism, and obesity interventions. Paper presented at the American Public Health Association, San Franciso, CA.

------ (with Timothy P. Johnson). (1993, November). A meta-analysis of interviewer gender effect studies: Preliminary findings. Paper presented at the Midwest Association for Public Opinion Research, Chicago, IL.

------ (with Timothy P. Johnson). (1994, May). A meta-analysis of interviewer gender and race effects on survey data. Paper presented at the American Association for Public Opinion Research, Danvers, MA.

------ (with Timothy P. Johnson, Sally A. Freels, & Jonathan B. VanGeest). (1993, October). Substance abuse and homelessness: Social selection vs. social adaptation. Paper presented at the American Public Health Association, San Francisco, CA.

Phillips, Joan M. (with Ananda Mitra, Gerrit Knaap, Alison Simon, Sylvia Temperly, & Edward Lakner). (1994, May). The determinants of acquiescence to preprinted information on establishment survey instruments. American Association for Public Opinion Research, Danvers, MA.

------ (with Seymour Sudman). (1994, May). Cognitive aspects of organizational reporting. Paper presented at the American Association for Public Opinion Research, Danvers, MA.

Sudman, Seymour (with Timothy Johnson, Diane O'Rourke, Noel Chavez, Loretta Lacey, Richard Warnecke, & John Horm). (1993, July). Social cognition and responses to health survey questions among minority populations: Preliminary evidence. Paper presented at the Public Health Conference on Records and Statistics, Washington, DC.

------ (with Timothy P. Johnson, Diane O'Rourke, Noel Chavez, Richard Warnecke, Loretta Lacey, & John Horm). (1994, March). Development of a methodology for examining cultural differences in the cognitive processing of health survey questions. Paper presented at the National Center for Health Statistics Workshop: Research Issues to Address Minority Health Data Needs, Rockville, MD.

------ (with Joan M. Phillips). (1994, May). Cognitive aspects of organizational reporting. Paper presented at the American Association for Public Opinion Research, Danvers, MA.

------ (with Richard Warnecke, Timothy Johnson, Diane O'Rourke, Andrew M. Davis, & Jared Jobe). (1993, August). Cognitive aspects of reporting cancer prevention examinations and tests. Paper presented at the American Statistical Association, San Francisco, CA.

VanGeest, Jonathan. (with Timothy P. Johnson, Sally A. Freels, Jennifer A. Parsons). (1993, October). Substance abuse and homelessness: Social selection vs. social adaptation. Paper presented at the American Public Health Association, San Francisco.

Warnecke, Richard B. (with Timothy Johnson, Diane O'Rourke, Noel Chavez, Loretta Lacey, Seymour Sudman, & John Horm). (1993, July). Social cognition and responses to health survey questions among minority populations: Preliminary evidence. Paper presented at the Public Health Conference on Records and Statistics, Washington, DC.

------ (with Timothy P. Johnson, Diane O'Rourke, Noel Chavez, Seymour Sudman, Loretta Lacey, & John Horm). (1994, March). Development of a methodology for examining cultural differences in the cognitive processing of health survey questions. Paper presented at the National Center for Health Statistics Workshop: Research Issues to Address Minority Health Data Needs, Rockville, MD.

------ (with Seymour Sudman, Timothy Johnson, Diane O'Rourke, Andrew M. Davis, & Jared Jobe). (1993, August). Cognitive aspects of reporting cancer prevention examinations and tests. Paper presented at the American Statistical Association, San Francisco, CA.

Positions Held in Professional Organizations

Parsons, Jennifer. Student Council Member at Large Elect (term to run from 1994 through 1996), Medical Sociology Section, American Sociological Association.

Sudman, Seymour. Chair elect, Survey Research Methods Section, American Statistical Association.

------. Councillor at Large, American Association for Public Opinion Research.

------. Member, Census Bureau Advisory Committee, American Statistical Association.

------. Member, Executive Board, American Association for Public Opinion Research.

------. Member, Founder's Award Committee, American Statistical Association.

------. Member, Review Panel, California Tobacco-related Disease Research Program, National Institutes of Health.

Warnecke, Richard B. Chair, American Association for Public Opinion Research Student Paper Competition.

------. Member, Program Committee, American Association for Public Opinion Research.

Editorial Activities

Hamilton, Lynn. Editor, Illinois Public Library Statistics, 1991­93.

O'Rourke, Diane. Associate Editor, Journal of Official Statistics.

Sudman, Seymour. Associate Editor, Evaluation Research.

------. Advisory Editor and Member, Policy Committee, Journal of Consumer Research.

------. Member, Board of Advisory Editors, Social Science Research.

------. Member, Editorial Board, Journal of Marketing Research.

------. Member, Editorial Board, Public Opinion Quarterly.

------. Member, Editorial Policy Committee, Public Opinion Quarterly.

Warnecke, Richard B. Member, Editorial Board, Catalyst.

Consulting and Other Professional Service

Johnson, Timothy P. Consultant, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health.

------. Grant Reviewer, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health.

Mitra, Ananda. Data Analysis Consultant, Management Learning Laboratories.

------. Data Analysis Consultant, Research Incorporated.

Sudman, Seymour. Consultant, Brown University.

------. Consultant, Bureau of Labor Statistics.

------. Consultant, National Institutes of Health.

------. Consultant, Social Science Research Council.

------. Proposal Reviewer, National Science Foundation.

Warnecke, Richard B. Chair, Institutional Review Board, University of Illinois at Chicago.

------. Chair, Policy Subcommittee of the Community Renewal Society, Chicago, Illinois.

------. Chair, Study Section, California Tobacco-related Disease Research Program, National Institutes of Health.

------. Consultant, American Health Foundation.

------. Consultant, American Medical Center--Denver, Colorado.

------. Consultant, California Tobacco-related Disease Research Program.

------. Consultant, Cecil G. Sheps Center for Health Services Research, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

------. Consultant, Medical College of Virginia.

------. Consultant, National Cancer Institute.

------. Consultant, National Center for Health Statistics.

------. Member of the Board, Community Renewal Society, Chicago, Illinois.

Grants and Contracts (new or additional funds)

Johnson, Timothy. Department of Children and Family Services Study. Department of Children and Family Services.

------. Illinois Comprehensive Substance Abuse Study. Illinois Department of Alcoholism and Substance Abuse.

------. Minority Populations' Understanding of Health Questions. National Center for Health Statistics.

O'Rourke, Diane. Minority Populations' Understanding of Health Questions. National Center for Health Statistics.

Warnecke, Richard B. Cancer Information Service Research Consortium, AMC Cancer Center.

------. Sixth Conference on Health Survey Research Methods. Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Agency for Health Care Policy and Research, National Center for Health Statistics, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Health Resources and Services Administration, National Cancer Institute, and Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.





APPENDIX B

AFFILIATIONS OF SPONSORS OF NEW AND

CONTINUING PROJECTS, 1993­1994


University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

    College of Commerce and Business Administration
    Department of Business Administration
    Department of Community Health
    Division of Intercollegiate Athletics
    Graduate School of Library and Information Science
    Office of Continuing Education and Public Service
    Office of Publications
    Research Services Office
    School of Human Resources and Family Studies
    Survey Research Laboratory


University of Illinois at Chicago

    College of Dentistry
    College of Education
    College of Nursing
    Community Health Sciences
    Department of Psychology
    Department of Sociology
    Prevention Research Center
    School of Public Health
    Survey Research Laboratory

Other Academic Institutions

    Brown University
    Health Services Research Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
    North Carolina State University
    Northwestern University
    Ohio State University
    Parkland College (Champaign, Illinois)
    Pennsylvania State University
    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Government Agencies

    Illinois Department of Alcoholism and Substance Abuse
    Illinois Department of Children and Family Services
    Illinois Hazardous Waste Research and Information Center
    National Center for Health Statistics
    U.S. Bureau of the Census

Other Organizations

    AMC Cancer Research Center
    John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation
    TASC, Inc. (Treatment Alternatives for Special Clients)



APPENDIX C

UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS FACULTY, STAFF, STUDENTS, DEPARTMENTS,
AND ADMINISTRATIVE UNITS ASSISTED BY SRL, 1993­1994




Chicago Urbana

New projects

Carol Ferrans College of Nursing Leigh Estabrook Library and Information Science

Faith Davis School of Public Health

Katherine Mallin School of Public Health Aaron T. Ebata Human Resources and Family Studies

Clara Manfredi Prevention Research Center

Paul A. Reichelt College of Nursing Karin Rosenblatt Community Health

Ellen A. BeGole College of Dentistry, Orthodontics Edward Lakner Library and Information Science

Marcia Chaimovitz College of Education Charles Kozoll Continuing Education and Public Service

Carol Menaker Office of Publications

Howard Thomas College of Commerce and Business Administration

Donald E. O'Neal Business Administration

Continuing projects

Brian Flay Prevention Research Center Ronald Guenther Division of Intercollegiate Athletics

Timothy Johnson Survey Research Laboratory

Richard Warnecke Survey Research Laboratory Seymour Sudman Survey Research Laboratory

Susan Levy Prevention Research Center Diane O'Rourke Survey Research Laboratory

Loretta Lacey Prevention Research Center Peg Lowry Research Services Office

Michele Kelley School of Public Health Maureen Perry-Jenkins Human Resources and Family Studies

Timothy Shanahan College of Education

James G. Kelly Psychology Thomas O'Rourke Community Health

Noel Chavez Community Health Sciences

Kathleen Crittenden Sociology

Clara Manfredi Prevention Research Center

Robin Mermelstein Prevention Research Center

George Balch Prevention Research Center

Dee Burton Prevention Research Center

Pending projects

Richard Campbell Sociology Krystal Fitzpatrick Campus Police

Baila Miller Jane Addams College of Social Work Mark Kaplan Social Work

Seymour Sudman Survey Research Laboratory

Thomas Prohaska School of Public Health Janet Reis Community Health

Karen Conrad Public Health Nursing Charles Kozoll Continuing Education and Public Service

John Walsh Sociology

Keith Cogdill Library of the Health Sciences Diane O'Rourke Survey Research Laboratory

Richard Warnecke Survey Research Laboratory Edward Lakner Library and Information Science

Judith Richman Psychiatry

Arden Handler Community Health Sciences Guenther Lueschen Sociology

Cedric Herring Sociology Bonnie Chakravorty Community Health

Timothy Johnson Survey Research Laboratory

Michael Fendrich Institute for Juvenile Research

Susan Levy Prevention Research Center

David Carley Medicine

Roslyn Hoffman Office of the Associate Vice Chancellor for Administration and Human Resources

Irving Miller Chemical Engineering

Savitri Kamath Nutrition and Medical Dietetics

Robert Zalenski Center for Health Services Research

Thomas Weinstein College of Education

Sally Freels School of Public Health

Jennifer Parsons Survey Research Laboratory

Victoria Gwiasda Survey Research Laboratory

Campus Auxiliary Services