SURVEY RESEARCH LABORATORY

UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS AT CHICAGO

A Unit of the College of Urban Planning and Public Affairs



SRL Logo

BIENNIAL REPORT

1994­1996



Survey Research Laboratory

University of Illinois at Chicago

A Unit of the College of Urban Planning and Public Affairs




Biennial Report

July 1, 1994, Through June 30, 1996

Richard B. Warnecke, Director











          Chicago Office							         Urbana Office
910 W. Van Buren Street, Suite 500			     	    	909 W. Oregon Street, Suite 300
     Chicago, Illinois 60607						 	      	Urbana, Illinois 61801
	(312-996-5300)									   	(217-333-4273)


TABLE OF CONTENTS
REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR

RESEARCH ACTIVITIES	

	Survey Methodology	
             Research on Cognition	
	    Other Methodological Research	
         Health Research	
	    Smoking Studies	
	    Other Cancer-Related Research	
	    Substance Use Research	
	    Childhood and Youth Health Issues	
	    Work-Related Health Research	
	    Other Health-Related Research	
	Studies on Aging	
	Crime-Related Studies	
	Studies on Educational Institutions	
	Environmental Studies	
	Other Studies	
	Service Projects	
  	    Service Projects for University of Illinois Researchers
            Service Project for Non­University of Illinois Researcher


PROJECT DEVELOPMENT	

	Projects Still Pending at the Close of the Year	
	Other Project Development	


RESEARCH FACULTY	


OTHER ACTIVITIES	
	Advising	
	Conference on Health Survey Research Methods	
	Survey Research Newsletter	
	Workshops	
	Talks and Lectures Given on Campus	
	Talks and Lectures Given off Campus	
	Other Service and Activities	


APPENDIX A: STAFF ACTIVITIES, 1994­1996	

APPENDIX B: AFFILIATIONS OF SPONSORS OF NEW AND
   CONTINUING PROJECTS, 1994­1996	

APPENDIX C: UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS FACULTY, STAFF,
    STUDENTS, DEPARTMENTS, AND ADMINISTRATIVE
    UNITS ASSISTED BY SRL, 1994­1996	

APPENDIX D: SRL STAFF AS OF JUNE 30, 1996	




REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR

This is my final report as director of the Survey Research Laboratory (SRL) of the University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC).(1) As of the conclusion of the 1995­96 academic year, I have resigned as director. Fifteen years is a long time to serve in an administrative role as demanding as that of directing a busy and thriving research center. Although the challenges have been great and the opportunity to work with a variety of faculty, government researchers, and especially the highly qualified and talented staff of SRL has been most rewarding, I feel this is the time for me to move on to new things. At present, SRL is in the very capable hands of Dr. Timothy Johnson, who had been associate director of SRL until my resignation and was responsible for the day-to-day activities of SRL, as well as maintaining an active and highly successful research program, which has helped fund SRL over the past several years.

I believe that this report demonstrates clearly the vitality and strengths of SRL. In Appendix A, the reader can see the publications and presentations of SRL staff, their conference organization activities, activities in professional organizations, positions held on editorial boards, and the grants and contracts they have obtained in the 2-year period covered by this report. Clearly, the professional staff of SRL are active. In addition to providing service, there is a strong scientific program in survey methodology that supports and flows from the work that we do. There is a high level of joint publication among the staff, which reflects the organizational commitment to staff growth and quality. Finally, it is clear that without a strong core of qualified investigators affiliated directly with the Laboratory, survival would be difficult. The research program has brought into SRL clientele with similar interests who continue to use our facilities after their initial project is completed. SRL is recognized nationally and internationally as a center of research in survey methodology.

The development of this strong methodological research focus is an accomplishment that has occurred over the past 15 years and one of which I am most proud. Although both Robert Ferber and Seymour Sudman were widely recognized as leaders in the field of survey methodology, the extent of participation by academic professional staff in the design and preparation of such research, its direct application to the day-to-day activities of what we do, and the reputation of SRL as a research center for methodology where all academic professional staff are expected to be involved and are in fact paid and evaluated based on their contribution to these activities is the result of a conscious policy set during the past 15 years. The leadership of this program has come from Sudman, and without his support and guidance, SRL would never have achieved the prominence that it currently enjoys. The addition of Johnson to the professional staff at SRL brought additional methodological and substantive research capacity that SRL badly needed. As the summary of activities in Appendix A indicates, Johnson has exercised significant leadership and has been extraordinarily productive in his publications and presentations and in obtaining funding.

The Laboratory has always had a strong focus on health research. This reflects the substantive and methodological interests of Sudman, Johnson, and myself. It also reflects the funding resources that support survey research. Two years ago, when we relocated from General Administration and the Office of the Vice-President for Academic Affairs to the College of Urban Planning and Public Affairs (CUPPA), we did so with the expectation that we would become more involved in research stemming from the Great Cities Institute. Although our portfolio of projects related to urban issues has expanded, particularly in the areas of substance use, homelessness, violence, and housing, these projects have not come from linkages with the Great Cities Institute. With the appointment of the new dean of the college, Wim Wiewel, we are looking forward to the linkage between SRL and the urban agenda of the University growing and becoming as evident and as important as our linkages with the medical and public health programs have become. In the meantime, we are exploring other activities and sources of support that will enable SRL to participate with community-based organizations in monitoring the effects of changes that are taking place in the social welfare programs on families and neighborhoods in Chicago and the metropolitan area. It is my belief that if these effects are not monitored, soon we will lose an important opportunity to track their effects. The development of such a program should also provide an important teaching opportunity for students interested in urban affairs and an opportunity to help community-based organizations anticipate the needs of the people whom they represent.

During the past year, Allan Lerner, as interim dean of CUPPA, was very helpful in easing SRL's transition to the UIC campus, and I appreciate his help.

Our annual balance sheet, which is the financial bottom line on our activity, remains in the black. We have been able to develop a small cushion against that time when grant and contract funding decreases. This small cushion has grown to the point at which we will be able to withstand a period of adversity without showing a deficit. These funds also will pay for the costs of our move to new space in Alumni Hall when the construction of the new home for CUPPA is completed.

Being director of SRL presented many challenges over the years. In 1981, when Bob Ferber, the founding director, died suddenly, I was confronted with an administration in Washington that did not believe in social science, a very large staff employed with soft money on vulnerable projects, and a situation in which no individual was in a position to tell me where the Laboratory stood financially. Needless to say, the next several years were like riding on a roller coaster, and it was not until 1989 that we were finally able to resolve the continuing financial issues. Since that time, we have successfully maintained a positive financial balance, and our project base has seen a continual growth, both in the scope of clients and work and in the dollar volume we have generated.

Our financial turnaround is attributable to the contributions and support of a member of our staff who retired in 1994. Sharon Calkins, who was for many years associate director of SRL, developed a financial management system and introduced accounting methods that have given us continuing information on our financial status. More importantly, however, the system ensures that we recover all the costs and that we have funds set aside to cover various expenses like vacation, sick leave, professional time, routine telephone and photocopy charges, staff travel to professional meetings, and the replacement and maintenance of our computer system. These are all indirect costs of hiring and maintaining a professional staff and cannot be covered through direct project billing unless included in the personnel and other costs of each project. Under Ms. Calkins's leadership and guidance, we successfully defended with the federal auditor including these costs in our average rates and now are collecting all the actual costs of doing business. Ms. Calkins's other major contribution to SRL was that she left us with trained and highly competent staff and leadership in that area. Marguerite Harris and her staff are able to manage all our financial and personnel dealings with the University, and we are directly linked with the University accounting system, which ensures up-to-date billing and charges to all projects.

The final expenditures that needed to be rationalized were for our computer systems. It is always forgotten that technology is expensive and that the more sophisticated the technology, the more important it is to have someone who understands it and can make it work in ways that justify the expense. The arrival at SRL of Martín Glusberg completed the necessary staffing and provided leadership to our operations that incorporated the technology on which most of our operations are based. The collaboration between Mr. Glusberg and his staff and Ms. Harris has allowed us to effectively manage this area of activity in a manner that keeps us technologically up to date and at the same time ensures that our computer dollars are spent wisely.

I would like to gratefully acknowledge the generous and most helpful support of my two previous bosses, Drs. Morton Weir and Robert Resek. Their patience and wise counsel helped us through the difficult times that SRL experienced during my early years as director. Although they set very high standards and held us to them, they were always fair and honest in their dealings with SRL. I always felt that I could rely on their commitments once they were made and was never disappointed. I also feel I owe a very personal debt of gratitude to Dr. Thomas Eakman, who was the staff person in the Office of the Vice-President for Academic Affairs who oversaw SRL. Tom Eakman was always there for the Lab and never failed to provide sound advice when it was needed. He also was able to help us navigate the often bewildering and complex bureaucracy of the University, keeping us from making unnecessary errors and helping us resolve the complexities of managing a business within the University. One of the biggest adjustments we have had to make in our move to UIC and CUPPA has been the loss of the wise and invaluable counsel and support that we received from Dr. Eakman.

What follows is a snapshot of where we are. I am proud to have been the director of this organization. For most of the time, it has been a job where going to the office every day was a pleasure and something to which I always looked forward. I still feel that way because the organization is moving forward and is being led by extremely competent people. Finally, the staff of SRL at this point is probably the strongest it has been since I became director. Part of the joy of being involved with SRL is the opportunity to work with these dedicated professionals who are committed to quality and eager to expand their capacity to deliver quality work. They are also good people to be around on a daily basis. So this is my opportunity to publicly thank them and acknowledge the fact that they are SRL and they make it the quality organization that it is.

Finally, I would like to thank my colleagues on both campuses who have used SRL and to whom I have frequently turned for advice and counsel. We have always sought and secured faculty guidance, since the faculty are our customers. Their support has made being director easier and at times has kept SRL from going out of existence. I hope that they will continue to support us as a resource to the University. We will do our best to continue to provide the highest quality research support, which they have come to expect.

--Richard B. Warnecke


RESEARCH ACTIVITIES

The Survey Research Laboratory (SRL) conducted 48 new and continuing studies during the past 2 years, ranging from large, multiyear projects to small service projects to consultation. These projects are described in the sections below, grouped by topic area.

Survey Methodology

SRL's special research focus on survey methodology continued in 1994­96. A cooperative agreement awarded to Timothy Johnson and Diane O'Rourke by the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) on understanding how culturally di verse respondents interpret and respond to health questions was completed, as was a study for Carol Ferrans (University of Illinois at Chicago [UIC] College of Nursing) on minority respondents' interpretation and response to questions about quality of life. Along with Seymour Sudman, Johnson and O'Rourke also conducted an NCHS-funded study on the cognitive processes that women of multiracial background or Hispanic origin use to provide information about their racial and ethnic background and that of their children. A study for Baila Miller (Case Western Reserve University [formerly UIC Department of Medical Social Work]) focused on perceptions of long-term care among African American and non-Hispanic white elderly persons of low and middle incomes. Finally, SRL began a National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)­funded study of a cognitive interviewing strategy for collecting self-reported information on drug use. Johnson, Michael Fendrich (UIC Department of Psychiatry), and Sudman are principal investigators.

Besides the methodological work supported by major sources of funding, SRL staff conducts methodological studies as part of current ongoing projects. As Appendix A indicates, several staff members have either written papers or made conference presentations on methodological issues at appropriate meetings of researchers who conduct or utilize survey research. Staff members also continue to publish and make presentations based on recently completed studies, as the papers listed throughout this section indicate.

Research on Cognition

NCHS approved a no-cost extension to continue activity on a methodological study that began in 1992 with a grant to Johnson (principal investigator) and O'Rourke (co­principal investigator). The study investigated how culturally diverse respondents answer health survey questions. Richard Warnecke, Sudman, and Noel Chávez (UIC School of Public Health [SPH], Community Health Sciences) were co-investigators. Loretta Lacey, an associate director at UIC's Prevention Research Center (PRC), was also a co-investigator until her death in the spring of 1994. The study sought a better understanding of the cognitive processes of survey respondents and an assessment of how racial/ethnic background affects the stages of those processes: (a) interpretation of the questions, (b) retrieval of information, (c) judgment formation utilized in formulating responses, and (d) editing of the responses prior to verbalization. From July 1993 through April 1994, 423 respondents had been interviewed by the principal investigators and their research assistants. The sample was stratified by racial/ethnic group (African American, Mexican American, Puerto Rican, and non-Hispanic white), age (18­29 and 30­50), and education (those with a high school education or less and those with more than a high school education). Data analysis continued through September 1995.

Publications on this project:

Johnson, T. P., O'Rourke, D., Chavez, N., Sudman, S., Warnecke, R. B., Lacey, L., & Horm, J. (1996). Cultural variations in the interpretation of health survey questions. In R. Warnecke (Ed.), Health Survey Research Methods Conference proceedings (DHHS Publication No. [PHS] 96-1013, pp. 57­62). Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics.

Johnson, T., O'Rourke, D., Sudman, S., Warnecke, R., Chavez, N., & Horm, J. Cultural similarities and differences in social cognition when answering survey questions. American Statistical Association 1995 Proceedings of the Social Statistics Section, 47­52.

O'Rourke, D., Johnson, T., Warnecke, R., Sudman, S., Chavez, N., Lacey, L., & Horm, J. Cultural and gender differences in the response editing of health survey questions. American Statistical Association 1995 Proceedings of the Section on Survey Research Methods: Vol. II [AAPOR section], 1069­1074.

Conference presentations on this project:

Chapa-Resendez, G., Bright, C., Bonds, S., Perez, F., O'Rourke, D., & Johnson, T. P. (1994, November). Recruiting respondents for cognitive survey interviews. Midwest Association for Public Opinion Research, Chicago, IL.

Chávez, N., Johnson, T. P., O'Rourke, D., Sudman, S., Warnecke, R., Lacey, L., & Horm, J. (1994, November). Consumer characterization of vegetable servings: Ethnic and gender differences. American Public Health Association, Washington, DC.

Johnson, T., O'Rourke, D., Chávez, N., Sudman, S., Warnecke, R., Lacey, L., & Horm, J. (1994, August). Ethnic and gender differences in the information retrieval strategies used in health surveys. Third Practical Aspects of Memory Conference, College Park, MD.

Johnson, T. P., O'Rourke, D., Chávez, N., Sudman, S., Warnecke, R., Lacey, L., & Horm, J. (1994, November). Social cognition and responses to mental health survey questions among four ethnic groups. American Public Health Association, Washington, DC.

Johnson, T., O'Rourke, D., Chávez, N., Sudman, S., Warnecke, R., Lacey, L., & Horm, J. (1995, April). Social cognition and responses to survey questions among culturally diverse populations. International Conference on Survey Measurement and Process Quality, Bristol, England.

Johnson, T. P., O'Rourke, D., Chávez, N., Sudman, S., Warnecke, R., Lacey, L., & Horm, J. (1995, June). Cultural variations in the interpretation of health survey questions. Sixth Conference on Health Survey Research Methods, Breckenridge, CO.

Johnson, T. P., O'Rourke, D., Chávez, N., Sudman, S., Warnecke, R. B., Lacey, L., & Horm, J. (1995, November). Cross-cultural similarities and differences in social cognition when responding to health survey questions: An overview. Midwest Association for Public Opinion Research, Chicago, IL.

Johnson, T., O'Rourke, D., Sudman, S., Warnecke, R., Chávez, N., & Horm, J. (1995, August). Cultural similarities and differences in social cognition when answering survey questions. American Statistical Association, Orlando, FL.

O'Rourke, D., & Johnson, T. (1995, May). Use of structured probes for pretesting and cognitive interviewing. Field Directors/Technologies Conference, Deerfield Beach, FL.

O'Rourke, D., Johnson, T., Warnecke, R., Sudman, S., Chávez, N., Lacey, L., & Horm, J. (1995, May). Cultural and gender differences in the response editing of health survey questions. American Association for Public Opinion Research, Fort Lauderdale, FL.

Warnecke, R. B., Johnson, T. P., Chávez, N., Sudman, S., O'Rourke, D. P., Lacey, L., & Horm, J. (1995, September). Improving question wording in surveys of culturally diverse populations. Annual Scientific Meeting of the American College of Epidemiology, St. Louis, MO.

Talks presented on this project:

Johnson, T. P. (1994, September 14). Social cognition and responses to health questions among minority populations. National Committee on Vital and Health Statistics, Subcommittee on Health Statistics for Minority and Other Special Populations, Washington, DC.

Johnson, T. P. (1995, September). Social cognition and responses to survey questions among culturally diverse populations. University of Oklahoma School of Public Health, Oklahoma City, OK.

Warnecke, R. B. (1995, June). Cognitive strategies for improving questionnaire design for hard-to-survey populations. Chicago Health Policy Research Council.

A new study on ethnic identification was started in August 1994 with funding from NCHS. Johnson was principal investigator, and O'Rourke, Sudman, Warnecke, Gloria Chapa-Resendez (SRL), and Noel Chávez (UIC SPH, Community Health Sciences) also worked on the project. The study investigated the cognitive processes that multiracial women or women of Hispanic origin use to provide information about their racial and ethnic background and that of their children. From January to May 1995, think-aloud interviews were conducted with 86 women aged 18 through 44 who (a) have two Hispanic parents or (b) have only one parent who is Hispanic, African American, Asian, or Native American. The questionnaire was based on a typical hospital birth record work sheet with questions added by SRL and NCHS. Questions about the respondent's racial/ethnic self-identification and that of her children were asked in several open-ended and closed-ended forms that included or excluded a "multiracial" category, an "other-- specify" category, and "Hispanic" as a racial category. Questions were also asked about the respondent's background, practices related to ethnicity, and acculturation. The study concluded in August 1995.

Publication on this project:

Johnson, T. P., Jobe, J. B., O'Rourke, D., Sudman, S., Warnecke, R., Chavez, N., Chapa-Resendez, G., & Golden, P. (1996). Dimensions of self identification among multiracial and multiethnic respondents in survey interviews. Bureau of the Census 1996 Annual Research Conference and Technology Interchange Proceedings, 157­175.

Conference presentations on this project:

Chávez, N., Johnson, T. P., Jobe, J. B., O'Rourke, D., Sudman, S., Warnecke, R. B., Chapa-Resendez, G., & Golden, P. (1996, January). Ethnic self-identification of Hispanic women. North American Association of Central Cancer Registries, Atlanta, GA.

Jobe, J., Johnson, T. P., O'Rourke, D., Sudman, S., Warnecke, R. B., Chávez, N., & Golden, P. (1995, August). Racial and ethnic self-identification in birth certification. American Sociological Association, Washington, DC.

Johnson, T. P., Jobe, J. B., O'Rourke, D., Sudman, S., Warnecke, R., Chávez, N., Chapa-Resendez, G., & Golden, P. (1996, March). Dimensions of self identification among multiracial and multiethnic respondents in survey interviews. U.S. Bureau of the Census Annual Research Conference, Arlington, VA.

Johnson, T. P., O'Rourke, D., Sudman, S., Chávez, N., Warnecke, R. B., Chapa-Resendez, G., & Jobe, J. (1995, November). Responses to racial and ethnic identification questions among multicultural respondents. Midwest Association for Public Opinion Research, Chicago, IL.

Baila Miller (Case Western Reserve University [formerly UIC Department of Medical Social Work]) is principal investigator of a National Institute on Aging­funded study of perceptions of long-term care. Eight focus groups were conducted from May 1995 through January 1996 with African American and non-Hispanic white elderly persons of low and middle incomes in the Chicago area. A questionnaire was designed based on the findings from the focus groups, and 32 think-aloud interviews were conducted.

Johnson, Michael Fendrich (UIC Department of Psychiatry), and Sudman are principal investigators for a new NIDA-funded study of the effectiveness of a cognitive interviewing strategy for the collection of self-reported drug use information. The project began in September 1995; by the time the study is completed in 1997, 600 face-to-face cognitive interviews will have been conducted with residents of the Chicago metropolitan area. State-of-the-art interviewing procedures, as practiced in the National Household Survey of Drug Abuse (NHSDA), are being compared with experimental interview methods. The control group will be interviewed using the NHSDA format, which calls for paper-and-pencil self-administration of drug history questions. The respondents can choose whether the answers will be read to them or whether they will read them on their own; either way, they record their own responses, which the interviewer never sees. The experimental group will be interviewed using a similar questionnaire with cognitive probes added to help respondents remember their substance use more accurately. Respondents for the experimental condition will be given a choice of three administration options, all using laptop computers: (a) respondents could choose the audio computer-assisted self-administered interview (ACASI), in which they listen to a recorded voice read the questions and answer choices and they key in responses; (b) they could read the questions from the computer screen and key in responses themselves (similar to the ACASI option but without the sound); or (c) a traditional face-to-face format could be used, with the interviewer reading the questions and entering responses. Researchers are interested in learning whether the choice of administrative options makes respondents feel their answers are more confidential than they would otherwise. Since the study seeks to target a general population sample with higher than average rates of drug use, interviews will be conducted in neighborhoods with high proportions of young adults, a group known to have substance use rates that are higher than the average for the general population.

Only households with persons aged 18 through 35 will be eligible. The study is also evaluating the feasibility and acceptability of collecting hair specimens for validation of survey responses. Findings will be used to formulate recommendations for the improvement of survey research procedures for the assessment of drug use.

Publications on previously completed cognitive studies:

Menon, G., Bickart, B., Sudman, S., & Blair, J. (1995). How well do you know your partner? Strategies for formulating proxy reports and their effects on convergence to self-reports. Journal of Marketing Research, 32, 75­84.

Sudman, S., Warnecke, R., Johnson, T., O'Rourke, D., & Davis, A. M. (1994). Cognitive aspects of reporting cancer prevention examinations and tests. National Center for Health Statistics (DHHS Publication No. PHS 94-1082). Vital and Health Statistics, Series 6, No. 7.

Other Methodological Research

Carol Ferrans (UIC College of Nursing) is the principal investigator for a National Cancer Institute (NCI)­funded study that continued from the 1993­94 fiscal year. In this study, a version of the Ferrans and Powers Quality of Life Index appropriate for adult African American and Mexican American cancer patients with a high school education or less was developed in English and in Spanish. The study is still in the field, assessing the psychometric properties, responsiveness to change, and implementation aspects of the two versions when used with cancer patients with stable health status and with patients participating in cancer clinical trails. In the previous fiscal year, SRL had conducted focus groups with a total of 17 patients in Chicago who had completed chemotherapy within the previous 24 months. Laboratory think-aloud interviews were begun in the previous year in Chicago and Houston with patients who were still undergoing chemotherapy. The think-alouds were completed with 29 patients in Chicago and 14 in Houston by the fall of 1994, and SRL's work was completed in January 1995.

Publication on this project:

Warnecke, R. B., Ferrans, C. E., Johnson, T. P., Chapa-Resendez, G., O'Rourke, D. P., Chávez, N., Dudas, S., Smith, E. D., Schallmoser, L. M., Hand, R. P., & Lad, T. (1996). Measuring quality of life in culturally diverse populations. Journal of the National Cancer Institute Monographs, 20, 29­ 38.

Health Research

Over half of SRL's studies for the period covered by this report (July 1994 through June 1996) were health related, making health SRL's major area of substantive research (see Table 1), as it has been for a number of years. There were 9 continuing and 22 new health-related studies, including 3 new service projects (see the "Service Projects" section for details). Major areas of research activity included smoking cessation, cancer screening and prevention, and youth health issues. Several studies centered on minority health issues. Of the 5 methodological studies SRL conducted during this period (see the "Survey Methodology" section above for details), 4 were health related. In addition to the studies described in this section, a study on the way community context affects health and well-being across the life course and a study on the health care decision-making process among elderly Hispanics are discussed in the "Studies on Aging" section.

Smoking Studies

The largest study was Strategies for Smoking Cessation Among Low-Educated Women, an ongoing program project of which Warnecke is principal investigator. The proposal was submitted to NCI in June 1992, and work began in 1993. The program project contains three research studies and three supporting cores. In all projects, subjects are being followed up at 6-month intervals. SRL provides for this data collection support in its role as the Survey and Evaluation Core for the entire project. Warnecke is the principal investigator of the Headquarters Core and the Statistics and Evaluation Core, which are also housed at SRL. Warnecke is also principal investigator for one of the three individual research projects, focused on the role of television interventions in smoking cessation. The entire program project involves the Illinois Division of the American Cancer Society (ACS); the Chicago Department of Public Health; WMAQ-TV, the NBC-owned television station in Chicago; and 14 UIC faculty members (Robin Mermelstein [PRC]; Brian Flay [PRC]; Clara Manfredi [PRC]; Dee Burton [UIC SPH, Community Health Sciences­formerly an associate director at PRC]; George Balch [PRC]; Kathleen Crittenden [Department of Sociology]; Sally Freels [SPH, Epidemiology and Biostatistics]; Charles Gruder [Department of Psychology]; Paul Levy [SPH, Epidemiology and Biostatistics]; Frederick Kviz [SPH, Community Health Sciences]; Donald Hedeker [SPH, Epidemiology and Biostatistics]; Warnecke; Johnson; and, until her death, Loretta Lacey [PRC]).

The overall project, ongoing since 1985, continues research into patterns of quitting smoking. The new research focuses on women with a high school education or less. The first research project, of which Warnecke is the principal investigator and Brian Flay, director of PRC, is the co­principal investigator, continues the line of research that has been assessing how televised messages can be combined with written materials to promote successful smoking cessation. In this latest version, two kinds of televised messages were combined. One form used paid actors and purchased air time on four networks to promote smoking cessation as a positive action, which, if successfully achieved, would help women gain confidence in other areas of their lives. These segments were designed to put smoking on the agenda of the target population and ran for 6 weeks. At the same time, promotional spots aired on the intervention channel inviting women to call a toll free number to receive information on how to quit smoking. A total of 24,926 calls were logged over this registration period, 21% of which were from women with a high school education or less. Eligible callers received a copy of a booklet designed specifically for the target population that was developed with support from the Illinois Division of ACS. The intervention followed the promotions and was delivered over 11 days on the local evening newscast and included segments on the health benefits of quitting smoking, how to quit, and how to remain abstinent. A quit date was set to coincide with ACS's Great American Smokeout. Dee Burton, principal investigator for the Communication Core, worked with co­principal investigator George Balch and investigators from the individual research project to prepare the written materials and worked with a public relations firm and WMAQ-TV to develop, produce, and implement the televised portions of this project. In the 1993­94 fiscal year, baseline interviews were conducted with 1,589 women who had registered for the intervention by calling the toll free number and receiving the booklet and 1,515 women from a random sample of the target population. During that year, two more waves of data collection took place (one immediately after the intervention and another at 6 months after the intervention). In the period from July 1994 through June 1996, 12-, 18-, and 24-month waves were completed with 438 to 455 nonregistrants and 742 to 788 registrants at each wave.

The second project of the program studies ways to help women who quit smoking maintain abstinence. This component was carried out with women who have been part of another study conducted by PRC. The part connected with the program project was to focus on maintaining cessation among women with a high school education or less but has been expanded to include women from all educational backgrounds for purposes of comparison among educational groups. It was conducted primarily at PRC. Robin Mermelstein, deputy director of PRC, is the principal investigator of this project.

The third research study focuses on how to institute low-cost, minimal contact interventions in public health clinics. Clara Manfredi, an associate director of PRC, is the principal investigator. Kathleen Crittenden is a co­principal investigator, as was Loretta Lacey until her death in the spring of 1994. This is a quasi experiment in which 12 pairs of clinics were randomized into an intervention or a control condition. Materials and videotaped messages developed by the Communication Core were combined with a message delivered by the health care provider whom the woman sees at the clinic, a follow-up letter, and a supportive interview. Women recruited for the study are interviewed at 1, 6, 12, and 18 months from their baseline clinic visit. Case accrual began in November 1994, 6-month follow-up interviews began in May 1995, 12-month follow-ups began in November 1995, and 18-month follow-ups began in May 1996. Interviewing will be completed in February 1998.

Publications on this project:

Crittenden, K. S., Manfredi, C., Lacey, L., Warnecke, R., & Parsons, J. (1994). Measuring readiness and motivation to quit smoking among women in public health clinics. Addictive Behaviors, 19, 497­ 507.

Kviz, F. J., Clark, M., Crittenden, K. S., Warnecke, R. B., & Freels, S. (1995). Age and smoking cessation behaviors. Preventive Medicine, 24, 297­307.

In October 1995, SRL started work on another smoking study, Clara Manfredi's (PRC) Institutionalization of a Smoking Cessation Program project, funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Warnecke, who had worked as design consultant on the project starting in October 1994, is co­principal investigator. The study, which is an adjunct to Project 3 of Strategies for Smoking Cessation Among Low-Educated Women, focuses on the institutionalization of a smoking cessation program for women of childbearing age in public health clinics. Focus groups were conducted in October 1995, and computer-assisted telephone interviews for the main study began in February 1996. Interviews will be attempted with 800 potential respondents. Data collection will be completed in September 1997.

Warnecke was principal investigator of a new study sponsored by North Dakota's Department of Health, Tobacco Prevention and Control Program, that identified types of regional collaboration and identified whether the Rocky Mountain Tobacco Free Challenge (RMTFC) should develop a 5-year agenda within the American Stop Smoking Intervention Study (ASSIST)/IMPACT program. Annual RMTFC evaluation reports, original documents describing projects submitted to RMTFC, and the progress report on state tobacco use prevention and control activities published by the Association of State and Territorial Health Officials (ASTHO) were used to create case studies of each of the eight participating state programs. A final report was prepared by Jonathan VanGeest (a research assistant at SRL) and Warnecke. The study ran from August 1994 through January 1995.

In December, 1995, SRL started an evaluation of the effectiveness of the American Medical Association's (AMA's) How to Quit smoking cessation program for Robert Renaldi of the AMA. The program has five components: a handbook, a videotape, a program planner, a diary, and a series of audiotapes. The study focused on four questions: (a) whether the program was purchased for use by the purchaser or for use by someone else, (b) whether the purchaser or eventual recipient followed the program as a method of quitting smoking, (c) what factors were associated with use of the program, and (d) whether quitters in the sample quit because of the program. Respondents were also asked about previous efforts to quit or cut down on their smoking and on their current and prior smoking behavior. Five hundred seventy-three interviews were completed by telephone with original purchasers or someone in the original purchaser's household who had been given the program by the original purchaser. An additional 16 interviews were completed with network respondents generated from the original purchasers. A report was prepared by Warnecke, VanGeest, and Jennifer Parsons in the spring of 1996. The contract will expire in July 1996.

Other Cancer-Related Research

SRL continued the survey work for the Cancer Information Service (CIS) Research Consortium project for Al Marcus of the AMC Cancer Research Center in Denver, who is the program project's principal investigator. Warnecke is the Survey Core principal investigator. The multiple-study program project's goal is to test intervention strategies relative to information dissemination and behavior change. In Project 1, Five-a-Day for Better Health, a sample of people who had called the CIS Hotline with questions about cancer were interviewed on their nutritional habits and the amount of fruits and vegetables they eat each day. In the summer of 1995, 4-week follow-ups to the callers' initial call to the CIS Hotline were conducted by telephone with 1,672 callers; of these, 1,286 were interviewed at 4 months in January 1996. In May 1996, a 24-hour dietary recall pilot study was conducted by telephone. Prior to the 24-hour recall pilot, SRL staff members Lynn Hamilton, Jennifer Banas, and Vincent Parker attended a 3-day training session at the University of Minnesota's Department of Epidemiology at the Nutrition Coordinating Center to learn to use the Nutrition Data System software. The training session also included lectures covering basic dietary recall interviewing skills as well as techniques to be used for quality control. The SRL staff members successfully completed the training and upon completion of several other tasks will become certified. These staff members will train SRL field interviewers and supervisors to conduct 24-hour recall telephone interviews in conjunction with the standard computerized telephone interviews.

Project 2 focuses on the impact of an out call from CIS or the AMC Cancer Research Center on women's health habits and attitudes toward breast cancer and mammography 6 months after the out call. Women aged 50 or older were screened by telephone by CIS or AMC; those contacted by CIS were put into an experimental group, and those contacted by AMC were placed in a control group. For those in the experimental group, the remainder of the call was mainly about mammograms and breast cancer, and they were encouraged to have mammograms every year or two. Women in the control group were asked more generally about their health. SRL completed 6-month follow-ups with 2,168 of the women. Out call debriefing calls were made by SRL shortly after the original out calls.

Survey work for Project 3 consists of conducting 6-month follow-up telephone interviews with African American smokers who had called a CIS toll free number in response to a quit-smoking media campaign. A total of four media campaigns were run at 6-month intervals on television and radio, with a videotape distributed to community organizations to support the radio campaign. Data collection began in the 1993­ 94 fiscal year; the final data set is due in April 1997.

This study illustrates more instances in which the cognitive methodology was used to develop and test various versions of question wording. During the course of this project, an experiment was run to evaluate various forms of question wording to evaluate women's decision making about getting a mammogram. A second series of experiments were conducted to determine the most efficient wording to determine respondents' readiness to change diet. A third series of cognitive studies were conducted to assess how to ask questions about getting colon cancer screening procedures. In each case, the results were incorporated into questionnaires used in the projects.

With funding from the Department of Defense, SRL began a new study in December 1995 that is closely linked to Project 2 of the CIS Research Consortium program project described above. Using the same questionnaire as CIS Project 2, 6-month follow-up computerized telephone interviews will be conducted with women previously contacted by the AMC Cancer Research Center project staff to assess the effectiveness of calls encouraging them to get mammograms. Main data collection began in March 1996 and is expected to result in 830 completes. The principal investigator is Lori Crane (AMC Cancer Research Center), and Warnecke is co-investigator.

Karin Rosenblatt (UIUC Department of Community Health) is the principal investigator for a National Institutes of Health (NIH)­funded study to determine whether or not genital talc exposure causes ovarian cancer. Co­principal investigators on the study are Faith Davis and Katherine Mallin (both of UIC SPH, Epidemiology and Biostatistics). The study carried over from the 1993­94 fiscal year and is ongoing. The link between fertility drugs, oral contraceptive use, hormone use, gynecological operations, nutritional factors, and family history with the development of ovarian cancer will be examined. SRL will conduct face-to-face interviews with 450 non-Asian women aged 18 through 74 residing in Cook County and having epithelial tumors. Three waves of random digit dialing screening to recruit control cases to be matched to cancer cases by age, race/ethnicity, and geographic area had been completed by February 1996, and two more waves are planned. The pool of eligible respondents from these screenings is being supplemented with eligible women from a Health Care Financing Administration (HCFA) list. Two waves of HCFA screenings were completed by August 1995, and a third will be completed this summer. Face-to-face interviews will be conducted with 675 matched controls. Main study data collection began in September 1994 and will be completed in the spring of 1998.

In January 1996, SRL started an evaluation of the contribution of outreach coordinators employed by NCI's CIS to the Outreach Demonstration Project sponsored by NCI and CDC. The Outreach Demonstration Project is designed to encourage women to use funding from CDC to obtain mammographies and Pap smears. The principal investigator is Doris Garrett (Illinois Department of Public Health), and Warnecke is evaluation director. The demonstration project is being piloted in Massachusetts, Arkansas, Illinois, and the state of Washington. It seeks to increase participation of underserved women in its education and screening services. Outreach coordinators' ability to develop partnerships with local agencies reflective of the partnerships established at the federal and state levels will be evaluated. Interviews will be conducted with key individuals at each site through whom partnerships are formed and interventions are initiated. Information will also be collected from data and reports that CIS and the National Breast and Cervical Cancer Early Detection Program provide to NCI.

SRL completed a 4-year NCI-funded study for Clara Manfredi (PRC), Ronald Czaja (North Carolina State University at Raleigh [formerly SRL]), and Warnecke to implement and evaluate an intervention to improve, maintain, and diffuse early cancer detection protocols among primary care physicians at clinics in Chicago who have mostly low- to moderate-income African American and Hispanic patients. The study involved 47 clinics that serve HMO and non-HMO patients. The study, which began in May 1991 with Loretta Lacey (PRC) as principal investigator, evaluated the process of program dissemination among the physicians and involved a preintervention mail survey with all of the physicians and staff members who have HMO patient contact to evaluate the physicians' response to the intervention. In conjunction with the physician survey, approximately 40 records from HMO patients and 20 records from non-HMO patients were abstracted at each clinic. During the intervention period (Years 2 and 3 of the project) staff members were trained to insert flow sheets into patients' records. Physicians were asked to use this form to document cancer screenings. Data collection in Year 4 (May 1994­April 1995) repeated record abstraction procedures from Year 1. SRL also conducted a small follow-up survey of the participating clinics. The project was completed in April 1995.

Publication on this project:

Czaja, R., Manfredi, C., & Warnecke, R. B. (1996). Collecting survey and medical records data to measure intervention outcomes in medical practices serving urban minorities. In R. Warnecke (Ed.), Health Survey Research Methods Conference proceedings (DHHS Publication No. [PHS] 96-1013, pp. 209­214). Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics.

Conference presentation on this project:

Czaja, R., Manfredi, C., & Warnecke, R. B. (1995, June). Collecting survey and medical records data to measure intervention outcomes in medical practices serving urban minorities. Sixth Conference on Health Survey Research Methods, Breckenridge, CO.

SRL began a new cancer-related evaluation project in October 1995. Under a subcontract with the Minority Health Professions Foundation, SRL is designing and implementing an evaluation of the National Black Leadership Initiative on Cancer (NBLIC), whose goal is to reduce the cancer mortality rate among African Americans by 25% by the year 2000. SRL will conduct random digit dialing computerized telephone interviews nationally with 1,600 African Americans aged 40 and older (half with males and half with females) as a baseline measure of attitudes toward and knowledge and beliefs about screening tests for three types of cancer: breast, prostate, and colorectal. In 1999, a second telephone survey will be conducted to determine the effectiveness of NBLIC in disseminating information about cancer prevention. In addition to the telephone interviews, participant cards (brief surveys concerning knowledge of cancer prevention) will be distributed and collected by the individual NBLIC coalitions at their events during Years 2 and 3 of the study. In 1999, a sample of respondents to the participant cards will also be interviewed by telephone. The project is funded by NIH and NCI. The principal investigator is Dr. Louis Sullivan, president of the Morehouse School of Medicine and former Secretary of Health and Human Services under then-President George Bush. Warnecke is the evaluation director, and Risé Jones is evaluation manager.

Publications on previously completed cancer-related studies:

Barnsley, J., Hynes, D. M., & Warnecke, R. B. (1996). Ensuring access to quality care. In A. D. Kaluzny, R. B. Warnecke, & Associates (Eds.), Managing a health care alliance: Improving community cancer care (pp. 59­82). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Howe, H. L., Johnson, T. P., Lehnherr, M., Warnecke, R. B., Katterhagen, J. G., & Ford, L. (1995). Patterns of breast cancer treatment: A comparison of a rural population with an urban population and a Community Clinical Oncology Program sample. Cancer Control, 2(2), 113­120.

Johnson, T. P., Ford, L., Warnecke, R. B., Nayfield, S., Kaluzny, A., Cutter, G., Gillings, D., Sondik, E., & Ozer, H. (1994). Effect of an NCI clinical alert on breast cancer practice patterns. Journal of Clinical Oncology, 12, 1783­1788.

Johnson, T. P., Warnecke, R. B., & Aitken, M. J. (1996). Changing practice patterns. In A. D. Kaluzny, R. B. Warnecke, & Associates (Eds.), Managing a health care alliance: Improving community cancer care (pp. 105­128). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Kaluzny, A. D., & Warnecke, R. B. (1996). Working within a changing health care system. In A. D. Kaluzny, R. B. Warnecke, & Associates (Eds.), Managing a health care alliance: Improving community cancer care (pp. 171­186). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Kaluzny, A. D., Warnecke, R. B., & Associates (Eds.). (1996). Managing a health care alliance: Improving community cancer care. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Kaluzny, A. D., Warnecke, R., Lacey, L. M., Johnson, T., Gillings, D., & Ozer, H. (1995). Using a community clinical trials network for treatment, prevention, and control research: Assuring access to state-of-the-art cancer care. Cancer Investigation, 13, 517­525.

Klabunde, C. N., Kaluzny, A. D., & Warnecke, R. B. (1996). Bringing cancer prevention and control protocols to the community. In A. D. Kaluzny, R. B. Warnecke, & Associates (Eds.), Managing a health care alliance: Improving community cancer care (pp. 147­170). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

McFall, S. L., Warnecke, R. B., Kaluzny, A. D., & Ford, L. (1996). Practice setting and physician influences on judgments of colon cancer treatment by community physicians. HSR: Health Services Research, 31(1), 5­19.

McKinney, M. M., Warnecke, R. B., & Kaluzny, A. D. (1996). Integrating prevention and control protocols into a clinical trials network. In A. D. Kaluzny, R. B. Warnecke, & Associates (Eds.), Managing a health care alliance: Improving community cancer care (pp. 131­145). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Parsons, J. A., Warnecke, R. B., Czaja, R. F., Barnsley, J., & Kaluzny, A. (1994). Factors associated with response rates in a national survey of primary care physicians. Evaluation Review, 18, 756­766.

Warnecke, R. B., Johnson, T. P., Kaluzny, A. D., & Ford, L. G. (1995). The Community Clinical Oncology Program: Its effect on clinical practice. The Joint Commission Journal on Quality Improvement, 21, 336­339.

Warnecke, R. B., & Kaluzny, A. D. (1996). The challenge of improving cancer care. In A. D. Kaluzny, R. B. Warnecke, & Associates (Eds.), Managing a health care alliance: Improving community cancer care (pp. 3­30). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Conference presentation on a previously completed cancer-related study:

Warnecke, R. B., Johnson, T. P., Kaluzny, A. D., & Ford, L. G. (1994, September). Bureaucratic and professional endorsement of medical practice change within organizations. Conference on Diffusion/ Dissemination, Kansas City, KS.

Substance Use Research

Carrying over from 1993­94 was a study conducted for James Swartz of Treatment Alternatives for Special Clients (TASC), Inc., and Johnson funded by the Illinois Department of Alcoholism and Substance Abuse (DASA) to determine the alcohol and drug use treatment needs of Illinois prisoners. Computer-assisted personal interviews were conducted with 630 inmates at prisons in Joliet, Menard, Dwight, and Graham, Illinois, on their knowledge of HIV/AIDS risk factors and on their experiences with tobacco, alcohol, illicit drugs, substance use treatment programs, gangs, and sex prior to incarceration. Inmates were also asked about their criminal history. Main study data collection was completed in July 1994, and the study concluded in August of that year.

In a new study for Samuel Gillespie (DASA), SRL will evaluate the effectiveness of a DASA/ Department of Children and Family Services (DCFS)­enhanced drug rehabilitation program (the Initiative Program). Face-to-face interviews will be conducted with three groups of DCFS female clients, all of whom are to be randomly selected: 150 who participated in the Initiative Program, 150 who participated in the regular DASA drug rehabilitation program, and 150 who were screened and found to be eligible for the Initiative Program but who did not participate in it. Three-quarters of the interviews will be con-ducted in Chicago, and the remainder will be conducted in Rockford, Illinois. The study began with questionnaire development in May 1996. Johnson is principal investigator.

Publication on a previously completed substance use study:

Johnson, T. P., & Barrett, M. E. (1995). Substance use among homeless persons in Cook County, Illinois. International Journal of the Addictions, 3, 587­600.

Conference presentations on a previously completed substance use study:

Johnson, T. P., Freels, S. A., & Parsons, J. A. (1994, November). Substance use initiation and likelihood of experiencing homelessness. American Public Health Association, Washington, DC.

Parsons, J. A., & Johnson, T. P. (1994, November). Substance use and abuse among the homeless in Cook County, IL. American Public Health Association, Washington, DC.

Childhood and Youth Health Issues

Work continued on a National Institute for Child Health and Human Development­funded study, sponsored by Brian Flay (PRC), that seeks to test the efficacy of a classroom-based intervention program designed to prevent the health-compromising behaviors of violence, unsafe sexual behavior, and substance use/abuse among 10- to 13-year-old African American adolescents in poor neighborhoods of Chicago and its suburbs. PRC interviewed approximately 863 students in their schools and, where possible, surveyed the parents of the students by mail. In late 1994, SRL conducted 125 telephone interviews with those parents who failed to return the mail questionnaire. SRL work concluded in March 1995.

SRL was a subcontractor to Abt Associates, Inc., on a CDC-funded project, which began in September 1994. In September and October of that year, 16,000 U.S. households were screened by telephone to identify households with children aged 19 through 34 months. About 280 interviews were then conducted with the person most knowledgeable about the child's immunization record. SRL's work was completed in November 1994. The principal investigator was Calvin Jones (Abt Associates, Inc.).

Two new studies for Markus Kruesi (UIC Institute for Juvenile Research) began in January and February 1995. The first was a telephone survey of 39 hospitals. Emergency department physicians and nurses were asked about their knowledge of means restriction, a strategy for preventing teen suicide in which the most lethal means of committing suicide (e.g., firearms) are kept out of the hands of adolescents. The second study was a control-group study of means restriction conducted in Detroit. In each of two waves, a group of doctors and a group of nurses in emergency departments were interviewed, with new respondents being interviewed in each wave. These respondents did not receive the informational literature that the Chicago physicians and nurses in the first study received in an experimental intervention. Interviews were completed with a total of 99 physicians and nurses. Both studies were completed in July 1995.

CDC is funding a study for Nancy Tartt of the Illinois Caucus on Adolescent Health (ICAH) to develop a questionnaire to collect data to provide an inventory of providers of teen pregnancy and pregnancy prevention services. F. G. Data Source trained ICAH staff to conduct focus groups with in- and out-of-school youth, parents of teenagers, and community members. Development of a questionnaire to be mailed to service providers in three Chicago neighborhoods began in December 1995 and continued into the spring of 1996. The survey instruments will be finalized and printed in the fall.

Work-Related Health Research

The UIC College of Nursing funded a study of fire service musculoskeletal injuries that began in May 1995. Karen Conrad (UIC Department of Public Health, Mental Health and Administrative Nursing) is principal investigator. The study identified the 20 most strenuous job tasks of firefighters and paramedics as well as the frequency with which each is performed. In the fall of 1995, mail questionnaires were completed by 374 fire service personnel. The study was completed in January 1996.

NIH is funding a new study on work and well-being for Judith Richman (UIC Department of Psychi-atry). Mail questionnaires will be sent to approximately 5,000 UIC employees in two waves, with the study scheduled to end in 1998. The study started in May 1995, with questionnaire development and design activities carrying into April 1996. A pretest took place in May and June 1996.

A study for Victoria Persky (UIC SPH, Epidemiology and Biostatistics) ran from December 1995 through June 1996. SRL conducted telephone screening of 208 residents of La Salle­Peru, Illinois, to identify potential matches for a future face-to-face case control study on the effects of having worked in a local factory decades ago. In addition, SRL assisted Persky in developing a face-to-face questionnaire and training field interviewers.

Other Health-Related Research

In April 1995, SRL began a pilot for an NIH-funded study of incontinence among Hispanic women, in which participants will be interviewed face-to-face on topics including family history, medical history, physical activity, fluid intake, and incontinence. They will then maintain a 2-week incontinence diary, and each will be asked to undergo a physical exam at a later date. In the pilot, 30 subjects kept diaries and were interviewed in either English or Spanish from November 1995 through April 1996. The principal investigator is Dee Fenner (Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke's Medical Center).

In October 1995, SRL began a new Chicago Department of Public Health­funded study to evaluate services for people with HIV/AIDS. Nathan Linsk (UIC Jane Addams College of Social Work, Midwest AIDS Training and Education Center [MATEC]) was principal investigator in the first year and is co­ principal investigator in the second year of the project; Warnecke was co­principal investigator for the first year and is now principal investigator. In February 1996, SRL used consensus meetings with clients and providers to develop standard guidelines for 14 categories of service funded by Ryan White Title I monies. SRL will use the results of client focus groups that began in April 1996 to develop client satisfac-tion measures to evaluate the standards for the 14 categories of service and will also provide technical assistance in the implementation of evaluation techniques to improve services provided to people with HIV/ AIDS. SRL will develop all 14 consumer surveys and pilot one of them. Focus groups with a follow-up mail survey of about 20 Chicago Department of Public Health staff members and 71 service providers assessed the grants management process and the working relationship between the providers and the funder (the City of Chicago).

Talk presented on this project:

Warnecke, R. B. (1996, March). Methods: Strategies for involving consumers, local planning councils, and grantees in the design of studies (including questionnaires, interviews, and focus group guides): Chicago. Ryan White Title I Local Evaluation Meeting, Washington, DC.

Publication on a previously completed health-related project:

VanGeest, J. B., Warnecke, R. B., Sudman, S., Calkins, S., & Associates. (1994, August). Impact of media intervention on awareness and sensitivity to the substantive interview among respondents to a pilot study of the disabled: A report to the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. Chicago, IL: Survey Research Laboratory, University of Illinois at Chicago.

Two other health-related studies, one on the effect of community on health across the life course and another about health care decision making among elderly Hispanics, are described in the "Studies on Aging" section below.

Studies on Aging

A study on aging for principal investigator John Mirowsky (Ohio State University [formerly UIUC Department of Sociology]) and co­principal investigator Catherine Ross (Ohio State University [formerly UIUC Department of Sociology]) continued. Sponsored by the National Institute on Aging and NIH, this study seeks to specify and explain the relationship between age and changes in the sense of control. A national random digit dialing sample of 2,510, including an oversample of persons aged 60 and older, was interviewed by telephone from August 1994 through March 1995. Tracking calls will be conducted during the second and third years of the study to keep in touch with respondents and attempt to locate those who have moved or have changed telephone numbers. Respondents will be reinterviewed in the fourth year.

Catherine Ross is also principal investigator, along with Chester Britt (Pennsylvania State University Department of Sociology), of a new study that began in November 1994. Funded by the National Institute of Mental Health, this 4-year random digit dialing telephone study focuses on the way community context affects the health and well-being of individuals across the life course. From April through October 1995, 2,482 general public respondents were interviewed. They will be tracked by telephone in Years 2 and 3 of the study and reinterviewed in Year 4.

In July 1995, SRL began a study for Margo-Lea Hurwicz (University of Missouri­St. Louis) that was funded through a Shannon Award given by NIH. From September through December 1995, SRL conducted 100 face-to-face interviews with elderly Hispanics in the Chicago area to examine ways in which they perceive and manage episodes of illness and how they choose among treatment alternatives, particularly how they decide whether or not to seek medical care. SRL work was completed in February 1996.

Crime-Related Studies

The study on the effect of community context on health across the life course described in the "Studies on Aging" section above included a focus on crime. In addition, SRL conducted three studies that focused more exclusively on crime.

Susan Lloyd (Northwestern University Center for Urban Affairs and Policy Research) was the principal investigator for a continuing study funded by the MacArthur Foundation and for a new study sponsored by the Northwestern University Center for Urban Affairs and Policy Research. Both studies focused on the impact of domestic and street violence on women's labor force participation and selected child-rearing decisions. In the continuing study, Women and Violence in Humboldt Park, SRL conducted a face-to-face survey of 800 women in the Humboldt Park neighborhood of Chicago. Only female interviewers were used, and two-thirds of the interviewers were bilingual (the questionnaire was translated into Spanish). Data collection started in September 1994, and the project was completed in April 1995. The new study, Women and Violence II, expanded on this work. Face-to-face interviews were conducted with 150 non-Hispanic white women in the Belmont-Cragin area of Chicago. This study ran from April through November 1995.

A new National Institute of Justice­funded study evaluating the Chicago Housing Authority's (CHA's) anti-drug initiative began in July 1995. Susan Popkin (Abt Associates, Inc.) is principal investigator, and Victoria Gwiasda is co­principal investigator. In November and December 1995, data were collected in four waves of face-to-face interviewing (with approximately 550 respondents per wave) in three public housing developments and six waves of in-depth interviewing with staff members and 12 residents in each development. The study was ongoing at the end of June 1996.

Publication on this project:

Popkin, S. J., Gwiasda, V. E., Rosenbaum, D. P., Anderson, A. A., Olson, L. M., Lurigio, A. J., & Taluc, N. (1995, October). An evaluation of the Chicago Housing Authority's anti-drug initiative: A model of comprehensive crime prevention in public housing. Report prepared for the National Institute

of Justice. Bethesda, MD: Abt Associates, Inc.

Conference presentations on this project:

Gwiasda, V. E., Popkin, S. J., & Martel, E. (1996, May). Confronting the challenges of data collection in distressed public housing. American Association for Public Opinion Research, Salt Lake City, UT.

Gwiasda, V. E., Taluc, N., & Popkin, S. J. (1995, November). Conducting surveys in difficult conditions: A guide to data collection in public housing. Midwest Association for Public Opinion Research, Chicago, IL.

Popkin, S. J., Gwiasda, V. E., Rosenbaum. D. P., Lurigio, A. J., Olson, L. M., & Taluc, N. (1995, July). Fighting drugs and crime in public housing in Chicago. National Institute of Justice, National Evaluation Conference, Washington, DC.

Popkin, S. J., Gwiasda, V. E., Rosenbaum, D. P., Lurigio, A. J., Olson, L. M., & Taluc, N. (1995, November). An evaluation of the Chicago Housing Authority's anti-drug initiative. American Society of Criminology, Boston, MA.

Popkin, S. J., Rosenbaum, D. P., Gwiasda, V. E., Taluc, N., Olson, L. M., & Anderson, A. A. (1995, November). Battling crime in the inner city: The Chicago Housing Authority's anti-drug initiative [Poster presentation]. Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management, Washington, DC.

Studies on Educational Institutions

SRL conducted the University of Illinois at Chicago 1994 Employee Attitude Survey for Roslyn Hoffman, UIC Associate Vice Chancellor for Administrative Services, to assess employee attitudes and job satisfaction among the academic professional and support staff. SRL work started in September 1994. Late in that year, questionnaires were mailed to 1,500 UIC staff, and all 2,800 Medical Center staff were asked to complete questionnaires at a group administration site or by mail. The study was completed in July 1995.

Publications on this project:

Simon, B. (1995, June). The University of Illinois at Chicago 1994 Employee Attitude Survey, Part 1 (University Survey). Chicago, IL: Survey Research Laboratory, University of Illinois at Chicago.

Simon, B. (1995, June). The University of Illinois at Chicago 1994 Employee Attitude Survey, Part 2

(Medical Center Survey). Chicago, IL: Survey Research Laboratory, University of Illinois at Chicago.

Conference presentation on this project:

Simon, B. (1995, November). Self-administered mail questionnaires without respondent identification numbers: Can they be used to enhance confidentiality? Midwest Association for Public Opinion Research, Chicago, IL.

SRL conducted an evaluation of the head librarian of the Library of the Health Sciences for Ann Weller, the deputy librarian. Mail questionnaires were developed for each of three populations: one was developed for UIC faculty, excluding clinical and adjunct faculty and library employees and deans; three were developed for library employees; and a fifth was designed for UIC deans. The evaluation ran from January through May 1995.

Starting in February 1995, SRL conducted a series of attitude surveys on public perceptions of UIC for John Camper, UIC Associate Chancellor for Public Affairs. The study involved two methods of data collection with three groups in the Chicago area: telephone interviews with 720 members of the general public and mail questionnaires to be completed by 324 high school guidance counselors and 110 prominent members of the Illinois business/civic community. Data collection took place in the fall of 1995, and the study was completed in June 1996.

Publication on this project:

Gwiasda, V. E., Johnson, T., Montgomery, A., & Severns, E. (1996, June). Public and professional perceptions of the University of Illinois at Chicago. Chicago, IL: Survey Research Laboratory, University of Illinois at Chicago.

In October and November 1995, SRL conducted six focus groups with a total of 48 academic professionals and support staff at UIC to assess employee perceptions of its Employee Development Program, which was first implemented in the summer of 1995. The focus groups were conducted for Allan Yamakawa of UIC's Office of Human Resources Development. The study was completed in January 1996.

Publication on this project:

Johnson, T. P., Severns, E., & Balch, G. (1995, December). UIC staff perceptions of the Employee Development Program (EDP): Final report. Chicago, IL: Survey Research Laboratory, University of Illinois at Chicago.

A study on waste management at Illinois colleges and universities is described in the "Environmental Studies" section below.

Environmental Studies

Continuing from the 1993­94 fiscal year was a study for the Illinois Hazardous Waste Research and Information Center (HWRIC) to obtain information about the state of waste management (for municipal solid, nonhazardous, special, and hazardous waste) at 50 public and private higher education institutions in Illinois. In Phase 1, the campuses were telephoned to obtain general information on whether there was a person or committee responsible for waste management and whether they handled or were aware of all of the waste generated by the campus. From this information, respondent names were obtained for Phase 2, in which a more detailed questionnaire asking about the institutions' waste management programs, generation sources, and needs for assistance was mailed. Data collection took place in 1995, and a report was written in the spring of 1996. The results will enable HWRIC, the governor's office, the Illinois Board of Higher Education, and other interested departments to assess programs, policies, procedures, and needs of the higher education community in Illinois and to help plan institutional compliance with federal hazardous waste mandates. Funds for the project came from the Illinois Department of Energy and Natural Resources. The study was completed June 1996.

A second study for HWRIC, which had been on hold through 1993­94 fiscal year, was started up again in July 1995. Its purpose is to gather information from Illinois manufacturers in heavy industry on their waste control and management strategies and on their technology development and information needs concerning waste management. It will also assess to what extent manufacturers are receptive to working with the state to increase their operational efficiency and reduce the amount of waste that they generate. In November 1995, questionnaires were mailed to the waste management officers at 3,000 manufacturing firms throughout Illinois after these individuals were identified through telephone calls to the firms. Approximately 1,000 responded. Data analysis began in March 1996 and was ongoing at the end of June.

A statewide survey of outdoor recreation for 1996 is being sponsored by the Illinois Department of Conservation (IDOC). IDOC runs the survey periodically, and this marks the fifth time SRL has undertaken it since 1985. Telephone interviews will be conducted with 1,000 Illinois adults, stratified by residence in the city of Chicago, the Chicago suburbs, and downstate Illinois to assess their participation in outdoor recreation in Illinois and elsewhere. The principal investigator is Marla Gursh (IDOC). SRL's work started in May 1996.

Other Studies

The New Parenthood Project for Michele Kelley (UIC SPH, Community Health Sciences and PRC) continued this year. It focused on how new mothers and fathers cope with the demands of parenthood. The purpose of the project was to examine distress related to pregnancy and birth. A secondary research objective was to examine changes in gender roles in couples that come after they have their first child. The mother and father were interviewed separately by telephone at 3 months prior to the baby's birth and 3 months after the baby was born. In the first wave, 262 interviews were completed, and 258 were completed in the second wave. Questions covered health, ideas about childbirth, stresses of becoming a new parent, how the household work is done, marriage, employment, and use of alcohol and cigarettes. Upon completion of the second interview, the parents were mailed an infant temperament questionnaire that asks about the baby's development. Data collection was completed and the study concluded in November 1995. The study was funded by the Health Resources Services Administration, Maternal and Child Health Bureau.

In a new study for David Linowes (UIUC Political Economy and Public Policy), questionnaires were mailed to the heads of personnel at 300 of the Fortune 500 companies to obtain information about their current personnel record-keeping practices and policies that relate to privacy, including the types of records kept (e.g., medical, criminal) and the kinds of employee monitoring that may be utilized (e.g., visual, telephone, e-mail). The project began in March 1995 and concluded in January 1996.

SRL is a subcontractor to Abt Associates, Inc., for a study that started in August 1995 on CHA resident satisfaction and management needs. Funding is being provided by the Housing and Urban Development Department (HUD). Face-to-face interviews will be conducted with about 1,175 randomly selected residents living in CHA family housing, elderly housing, and row houses. A pretest was run in September 1995, at which point the study was put on hold. It is expected to resume in the fall of 1996.

Publication on this project:

Popkin, S. J., Doyle, H., Amendolia, J. M., & Gwiasda, V. E. (1996, March). Chicago Housing Authority resident satisfaction survey: Phase I. Report prepared for the Housing and Urban Development Department. Bethesda, MD: Abt Associates, Inc.

Publication on a previously completed study on organizations:

Spaeth, J. L., & O'Rourke, D. P. (1996). Design of the National Organizations Study. In A. L. Kalleberg, D. Knoke, P. V. Marsden, & J. L. Spaeth (Eds.), Organizations in America: Analyzing their structures and human resource practices (pp. 23­44). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Service Projects

SRL undertook 5 service projects (small projects costing less than $2,500) during the year, some for University of Illinois faculty, staff, and students and one for a non­University of Illinois researcher.

Service Projects for University of Illinois Researchers

SRL worked on 4 service projects for University of Illinois faculty, staff, and students: professional services agreement was awarded to Warnecke by NCI to design and conduct the evaluation of the Appalachia Leadership Initiative on Cancer (ALIC). ALIC is one of three NCI-supported leadership initiative programs designed to help reduce cancer incidence and mortality and to improve cancer survival by identifying community leaders who will build a network of coalitions to support programs that reflect state-of-the-art knowledge concerning cancer prevention and control. Visits to the sites were conducted in the fall of 1995, and 33 in-depth face-to-face interviews were conducted with coalition members. A report based on these visits is being prepared for NCI. In addition, data are collected from the coalitions in each of the projects semi-annually, which are submitted to SRL for analysis.

SRL developed a questionnaire and trained interviewers for Gloria Elam (UIC Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology) for her Study of School and Health Issues Among Pregnant Adolescents.

SRL began a service project on water quality for Richard Farnsworth (UIUC Department of Agricultural and Consumer Economics) to assist him with a mail survey of 1,850 residents of two southern Illinois counties. The mailing went out in June 1996.

In April 1996, SRL began providing consulting on questionnaire design for the UIC Public Opinion Survey of Students With Disabilities, for which Jean Gorman (UIC Disability Services) is principal investigator. Mail surveys will be sent to 150 disabled students to ask them about issues such as the University's accommodation to their needs, accessibility of the campus, and professors' responsiveness to their needs.

Service Project for Non­University of Illinois Researcher

An additional project was undertaken for a non­University of Illinois researcher:

SRL drafted and tested a patient history form for Joanne Leck (Chicago Department of Public Health) under a service contract that ran from June 1995 through January 1996. Face-to-face interviews were conducted at three clinics to test and revise both an English and a Spanish version of the form.

PROJECT DEVELOPMENT

Of 30 pending projects that carried over from 1993­94, 10 were funded and became new SRL studies this year. An additional 22 were funded from the 80 new pending projects proposed in 1994­96.

Projects Still Pending at the Close of the Year

Of projects that were still pending at the end of June 1996, 19 were for University of Illinois faculty and staff:

Janet Reis (UIUC Department of Community Health) approached SRL about data entry for a three-wave longitudinal survey of alcohol-related attitudes and behaviors of University of Illinois freshmen. Questionnaires are to be self-administered. Her proposal was submitted to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) in January 1994. It was not funded but received a good enough score that the proposal will be resubmitted at a later date.

Johnson seeks NIDA funds for a secondary analysis of data SRL collected from 481 homeless persons for a study conducted in 1990. The proposal was not funded when it was submitted June 1994 but SRL is hoping to resubmit it.

Remi Imeokparia (University of Illinois at Springfield [UIS] Public Health Program) is a UIS epidemiologist seeking UIC researchers to work with on a study of the epidemiology of breast cancer in rural women. She seeks NCI funds for a telephone survey of 1,000 women in Mason and other rural counties. The proposal was first submitted in June 1995 without receiving funds and will be resubmitted.

Alice Dan (UIC Center for Research on Women and Gender) is seeking Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) funds for her study of the cost of sexual harassment in health care settings. The proposal was put on hold in December 1995 for further developmental work.

Faith Davis (UIC SPH, Epidemiology and Biostatistics) is the principal investigator of a proposed study on brain cancer and cellular telephones that was awarded funding by the Wireless Technology Research Group in May 1996. SRL work is anticipated to start in the summer of 1997, and it is expected that about 1,750 telephone interviews will be completed.

Janet Grossman (UIC Institute for Juvenile Research) seeks a contract with SRL to conduct two focus groups with parents of children who are at risk for suicide for her suicide prevention study. Focus groups are to be conducted at the Kankakee Riverside Medical Center late in 1996.

Michael Fendrich and Catherine Nageotte (both of the UIC Department of Psychiatry) and Johnson are proposing a pilot for a telephone study to evaluate the validity of mental health service use information provided by parents about their children. The pilot will allow development of clearer hypotheses about the salience of reporting validity issues in services research and about cognitive processes associated with service use reporting error. The principal investigators are seeking sponsorship of the study from the Program for Mental Health Services Research on Women and Gender in the UIC Department of Psychiatry. The proposal was submitted in January 1996.

In June 1996, Carole Warshaw (UIC Department of Psychiatry) and Johnson submitted a proposal to NIH for an evaluation of cross-cultural domestic violence measures in which SRL is to conduct 12 focus groups and 300 telephone interviews with African American, Mexican or Mexican American, South Asian/Pakistani, and non-Hispanic white respondents starting in June 1997.

Warnecke proposes to conduct a panel survey of Chicago neighborhoods targeted by UIC's Great Cities Institute with funding from the UIC administration, community groups, and foundations. The survey is to involve 400 telephone and face-to-face interviews in each neighborhood for up to three neighborhoods at a time. Residents of each neighborhood are to be tracked for 3 years to gather data on neighborhood conditions.

Bonnie Chakravorty (UIUC Department of Community Health) approached SRL about entering data for her National College Athletics Association Tobacco Policy Survey. There are to be four waves of data collection with 2,000 or 3,000 completes for each wave.

Carole Warshaw (UIC Department of Psychiatry) seeks National Institute of Mental Health funds for a study in which questionnaires are to be mailed to 800 mental health professionals to investigate their practices for treating victims of domestic violence. The proposal was submitted in April 1996.

Geraldine Outlaw (UIC SPH, Community Health Sciences) is to be principal investigator for an STD assessment evaluation in which six focus groups will be conducted with high risk individuals from a clinic in south suburban Chicago. Two focus groups will be used to revise an existing questionnaire, and four will be used to evaluate an intervention for high risk clients. A proposal was submitted to the Cook County Department of Public Health in March of 1996.

Alice Dan (UIC Center for Research on Women and Gender) and Stephanie Riger (UIC Women's Studies Program) seek NIH funds for 400 face-to-face interviews with victims of domestic violence at state-run facilities for victims of domestic violence on the effect of changes in the welfare laws in Illinois. The proposal was submitted in April 1996.

Warnecke submitted a proposal to the Health Resources Services Administration in May 1996 to establish SRL as an evaluation and technical assistance center for Special Projects of National Significance grantees nationwide in the area of HIV service delivery.

Linda Grossman (UIC Department of Psychiatry, Program for Mental Health Services Research on Women and Gender) is to be principal investigator for the Pilot Survey of Female Veterans. The study will involve face-to-face interviews with a convenience sample of 200 female veterans seen at a Veterans Affairs clinic on whether their mental and physical health needs were met and on the quality of service. SRL's proposal letter was submitted March 1996.

In May 1996, James Hicks and Fred Coleman (both of the UIUC Department of Civil Engineering) submitted a proposal to the Illinois Transportation Research Center (part of the Illinois Department of Transportation [IDOT]) for a self-administered survey of 500 Amtrak riders on each of four lines (2,000 riders total) and telephone interviews with 1,000 nonriders in neighborhoods along these Amtrak corridors.

In June 1996, Johnson submitted a proposal to CDC through PRC to fund attendance at research meetings concerned with the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System for 1996­97.

In June 1996, Johnson submitted a proposal to CDC in collaboration with PRC to fund the Validation of Survey Measures for Persons With Disabilities study. Under this proposal, SRL is to conduct the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System survey and to construct validation of its recently developed functional status and well-being measures. Telephone interviews are to be con-ducted with 600 Illinois adults sampled by random digit dialing and with 400 physically disabled adults recruited through a vocational rehabilitation program run by the Illinois Department of Rehabilitation Services.

Fred Coleman (UIUC Department of Civil Engineering) seeks IDOT funds for face-to-face interviews with drivers stopped at three railroad crossings that have been fitted with experimental vehicle-arresting barriers (heavy metal nets that stop traffic from crossing).

There were also 17 projects still pending at the end of June 1996 that were for non­University of Illinois researchers:

William Cockerham (University of Alabama, Birmingham, Department of Sociology [formerly UIUC Department of Sociology]) is proposing a study of aging policy in the United States and Japan, for which SRL is to conduct the U.S. portion of the research. Telephone interviews with 1,000 Chicago area adults will assess their knowledge, attitudes, and practices with regard to aging, life-style, and health habits as factors in longevity, health care utilization, and satisfaction with aging policy.

Agency for Health Care Policy and Research (AHCPR) and National Institute on Aging funds will be used for Mary Fennell's (Brown University Department of Sociology) telephone survey of hospital discharge planners. The proposal was first submitted in November 1994 and then again in July 1995. The project was funded in January 1996 to begin in July 1996. Survey work will be conducted in 1997.

SRL continued work on a proposal for the main study portion of the NIH-funded pilot study of in-continence among Hispanic women described in the "Other Health-Related Research" section. The principal investigator is Dee Fenner (Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke's Medical Center). NIH funds are sought for the main study, in which 2,200 computer-assisted face-to-face interviews are to be conducted with African American and Hispanic women and in which a diary component is to be included. The proposal, which had been submitted once, will be resubmitted based on results of the pilot study.

SRL is to conduct the survey portion of Samuel Gillespie's (Illinois Department of Alcoholism and Substance Abuse [DASA]) studies of alcohol and substance use among special adolescent populations in Illinois. Four hundred computer-assisted face-to-face interviews are to be conducted at the state's intake facilities for juvenile offenders. The proposal was submitted to CDC in July 1995. It was not funded at that time; in June 1996, it was rebudgeted and resubmitted through DASA to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration's Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (CSAT).

Susan Hartnett (Northwestern University) seeks National Institute of Justice (NIJ) funds for a survey of Community Alternative Policing Strategies (CAPS) in which 1,800 telephone interviews are expected to be completed.

SRL worked with James Swartz (Treatment Alternatives for Special Clients [TASC], Inc.) on a proposal to DASA in January 1996 for a telephone and computer-assisted face-to-face survey of 1,000 nonviolent felony offenders on probation in Illinois within the last year for whom substance use treatment is prescribed as part of their sentence to develop estimates of current substance use treatment needs and service utilization patterns. Funding is to come from CSAT.

Nicol Turner (Northwestern University Center for Urban Affairs and Policy Research) is to be the principal investigator of a study involving 100 telephone interviews with Austin area members of community associations. SRL submitted a proposal letter in January 1996.

Bonnie Fisher (University of Cincinnati) submitted a proposal to NIJ in April 1996 for a telephone survey of 4,800 respondents on sexual victimization on college campuses.

Susan Popkin (Abt Associates, Inc.) is to be the principal investigator for a face-to-face panel study of the impact of redevelopment on residents of the Henry Horner Homes. Baseline interviews are expected to be completed with 500 Horner residents. In each of 5 years, three focus groups will be conducted with up to 12 residents each. A proposal was submitted to the MacArthur Foundation, NIJ, and HUD in June 1996.

Zenas Block (New York University Center for Entrepreneurial Studies) requested that SRL perform data reduction and analysis for a study of MBA students at various colleges on what their expectations of the program they are in were before they started as compared with their current perceptions. SRL delivered a proposal to Block in May 1996.

Burt Weisbrod (Northwestern University Department of Economics) and David Dranove (Northwestern University Kellogg School of Management) are proposing a mail survey with telephone follow-ups of pharmaceutical, medical device, and biotechnical organizations. A proposal was submitted to the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, and SRL was awaiting a contract at the end of June 1996.

Myron Roomkin (Northwestern University Kellogg School of Management) approached SRL about printing and mailing questionnaire packets and follow-up postcards to 15,000 businesses nationwide and entering data for one, two, or three mailings. A proposal letter was sent to Roomkin in May 1996.

SRL is to enter data and prepare a report for John Kasper of the Society for Ambulatory Care for a paper-and-pencil survey of the Society's professionals. American Hospital Association funds are being sought. SRL sent Kasper a proposal letter in June 1996.

Samuel Gillespie (DASA) seeks funding from CSAT for 8,000 telephone interviews to be conducted under contract by SRL. Budgets were being prepared at the end of June 1996.

SRL is to conduct the survey portion of Samuel Gillespie's (DASA) Drug and Alcohol Survey of Welfare Recipients, to be funded by CSAT. Interviews are expected to be completed with 3,520 respondents by telephone and with 480 by computer-assisted face-to-face interviewing. Budgets were being prepared at the end of June 1996.

Samuel Gillespie (DASA) seeks funds from CSAT for his Drug and Alcohol Survey of Mental Health Patients, in which SRL will conduct 600 interviews face-to-face at state mental institutions under contract to DASA. Budgeting was ongoing at the end of June 1996.

Samuel Gillespie (DASA) and Johnson's Drug and Alcohol Survey of Immigrant Populations will involve 450 face-to-face interviews with equal numbers of Polish, Mexican, and Vietnamese people who have immigrated in the last 3 years. SRL will conduct the survey work under contract. Funds are being sought from CSAT. Budgeting was ongoing at the end of June 1996.

Other Project Development

Of projects that were not funded, 25 were for University of Illinois researchers:

Irving Miller (UIC Department of Chemical Engineering) sought a grant from the Whitaker Foundation for a bioengineering assessment. Mail questionnaires were to have been sent to 169 academics, 1,000 respondents in industry, and 715 hospitals.

Karen Conrad (UIC Department of Public Health, Mental Health and Administrative Nursing) submitted a proposal to NIH, National Center for Nursing Research, on a nursing model designed to reduce work-related injuries among firefighters. Questionnaires were to have been mailed to 1,120 firefighters and paramedics and 70 fire chiefs.

Warnecke was to have been principal investigator for a study of the American Stop Smoking Intervention Study (ASSIST) coalition of programs, which was to have involved analysis of information obtained from ASSIST documents, key informant surveys (by mail), visits to one site in each of 17 states, and a descriptive network analysis of each of the 17 coalition networks. A proposal was submitted to the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation in February 1994. Another version of the proposal was submitted later in the year (see ASSIST proposal description on page 37).

A proposal for a study on aging policy in the United States and Germany with Günther Lüschen (UIUC Department of Sociology) as principal investigator had been submitted to the National Institute on Aging in the 1993­94 fiscal year and carried over to September 1994. It would have involved 1,000 telephone interviews with Chicago area adults, half of them over 60 years of age.

Cedric Herring (UIC Department of Sociology) would have been the principal investigator for a study on the transition from school to work. Telephone interviews were to have been conducted with 2,250 adults and 730 with their employers.

In the 1993­94 fiscal year, Krystal Fitzpatrick (UIUC Division of Public Safety) had approached SRL about conducting a survey on campus police services. The proposal carried over until November 1995.

Sudman sought National Science Foundation (NSF) funds for face-to-face cognitive interviews with 240 people (20 from each of 12 organizations) to explore organizational reporting.

Charles Kozoll (UIUC Office of Continuing Education and Public Service) proposed a study of the motivation of senior citizens to participate in formal continuing education. Telephone interviews were to have been conducted with 200 senior citizens in Peoria and Rockford.

David Carley (UIC College of Medicine) sought DHHS funds to establish a data coordinating center for a five- or six-site study of the cardiovascular consequences of sleep-related breathing disorders.

Savitri Kamath (UIC Department of Human Nutrition and Dietetics) sent a proposal for a face-to face study of nutrition and breast cancer to NCI. The study was to have compared Asian Indian women with European American women on clinical measures of hormones and oxidative stress to determine differences related to dietary intake.

A national mail survey of 1,200 public libraries, 1,200 school libraries, and 1,200 educators and policy makers was proposed by Edward Lakner (UIUC Graduate School of Library and Information Science [formerly SRL]). Lakner sought Department of Education funds.

Sudman, Johnson, O'Rourke, Warnecke, and Karen Goldstein (University of Chicago) sought National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) funds for face-to-face interviews with 100 parents of children under the age of 2 on their recall of their children's immunization. Parents were to have been interviewed on their way out of medical facilities with records abstraction conducted a month later and a telephone follow-up interview 6 weeks later. Also, five focus groups were to have been conducted with pediatricians or family practitioners, pediatric nurses, the parent primarily responsible for child health care where there is regular care and where there is not a regular source of care, and the parent not primarily responsible for child health care. A second phase was to have involved 50 think-alouds in a laboratory setting, and a third phase would have involved face-to-face interviews with 400 more parents of children under the age of 2.

A revised proposal for a study of the ASSIST coalition of programs (Warnecke, principal investigator; see above) was submitted to AHCPR in September 1994. As in the original proposal, the study was to have included visits to one site in each of 17 states, a mail survey of key informants, and a descriptive network analysis of the coalition networks.

Janet Grossman (UIC Institute for Juvenile Research) sought federal funds for a study of school nurses' knowledge of a strategy to prevent suicide by restricting adolescents' access to the most lethal means of suicide.

Moto Morishima (UIUC Institute of Labor and Industrial Relations) approached SRL about a study of human resource management practices to be funded by the Japan Institute of Labor. A mail survey with telephone follow-up was to have been conducted by sending the vice presidents of personnel at Fortune 500 companies nine questionnaires each for distribution to submanagers and vice presidents of finance. The study was already under way Japan and was to have been conducted in Britain and Germany as well.

Noel Chávez (UIC SPH, Community Health Sciences) submitted a proposal to the National Coali-tion of Hispanic Health and Human Services Organizations (also known as COSSMHO) for a study of abnormal mammograms among Latina women to determine whether the barriers to medical follow-up are predominantly cultural, social, or institutional. COSSMHO funds for the project were to have come from NCI. SRL was to have performed a questionnaire review, programmed the questionnaire for computer-assisted telephone interviewing, and trained interviewers.

A proposal for a pilot for Remi Imeokparia's (UIS Public Health Program) study of the epidemi-ology of breast cancer in rural women (see description under "Projects Still Pending at the Close of the Year") was worked on but not submitted, although a proposal for the main study is still pend-ing. The pilot was to have involved 140 telephone interviews on the role of pesticides as environ-mental determinants in the development of breast cancer in the rural population of Illinois.

Aida Giachello (UIC Jane Addams College of Social Work, Midwest Latino Health Research and Policy Center for Medical Treatment Effectiveness Program [MEDTEP]) submitted a proposal to AHCPR for a study designed to test an intervention for Latino asthma patients. The study would have involved records abstraction and face-to-face and telephone interviews.

In the summer of 1995, Sudman, Johnson, O'Rourke, and Warnecke submitted a proposal to NCHS to fund an evaluation of racial and ethnic identification data on birth certificates.

Charles Warren (UIC SPH, Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences) sought funds from the Illinois Gaming Board for an assessment of the state of Illinois's capacity to provide gambling addiction services. The mail questionnaire was to have been sent to 6,300 potential respondents.

Robert Wood Johnson Foundation funds were sought for a study of community tobacco control measures. John Gardiner (UIC Office of Social Science Research) was to have been principal investigator for the school-based self-administered survey of 1,300 seventh and eighth graders.

Susan Levy (PRC) worked on a proposal to CDC for a study on the validity of Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System survey measurements. Three hundred telephone interviews were to have been conducted.

Warnecke was to have been principal investigator for a study of physician counseling and screening practices. CDC funds were sought for the mail survey with phone follow-up, which would have involved setting up a community-based design and evaluation of an information system for breast and cervical cancer screening at an urban women's health center. The study was to have involved work with community groups. Its goal was to replicate, update, and expand the American Cancer Society's 1990 survey of primary care physicians, which addressed their counseling and screening practices for cancer detection and prevention in asymptomatic patients. Fifteen hundred interviews were anticipated. The request for proposals was withdrawn after SRL's proposal had been submitted.

Johnson was to have been principal investigator and O'Rourke, Sudman, Warnecke, and Noel Chávez (UIC SPH, Community Health Sciences) were to have been co­principal investigators for a study that would have extended the work done on SRL's studies on minority populations' understanding of health questions and on ethnic identification (see the "Research on Cognition" section for descriptions of these studies). This study was to have extended the research conducted on African Americans, Mexican Americans, Puerto Ricans, and non-Hispanic whites in the other two studies to Korean Americans, Native Americans, and members of multiracial groups. Like the two active studies, this study would have looked for cultural differences in comprehension, memory retrieval, judgment formation, and response editing processes used to answer health survey questions. Telephone interviews were to have been conducted with 100 Korean Americans, 100 Native Americans, and 200 multiracial people. The proposal was submitted to NCHS, the funding agency for the two active studies.

Paul Grussing (UIC Department of Pharmacy Administration) sought funding from the American Pharmaceutical Association, the National Association of Boards of Pharmacy, and U.S. Pharmacopoeia for a study of medication errors. Telephone interviews were to have been conducted with people who had had prescriptions filled. In addition, focus groups and a mail survey of pharmacies were to have been conducted. SRL submitted budgets for 500 and 1,000 interviews.

There were also 16 unfunded proposals for non­University of Illinois researchers:

Faith Paul (Public Policy Research Consortium) submitted a proposal to the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation for a self-administered survey with telephone follow-up of 8th-, 10th-, and 12th-grade students from 200 Chicago area schools. Interviews were also to have been conducted with one parent of each student, teachers in selected classrooms, counselors for each grade level, and the principal of each school. Topics were to have been perceptions of labor market opportunities in the Chicago metropolitan area and student preparation for the labor market.

James Swartz (Treatment Alternatives for Special Clients [TASC], Inc.) approached SRL about conducting the survey portion of a face-to-face study of alcohol and substance use of arrestees. Swartz was to submit the proposal to the Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority. The study was to have replicated the National Drug Use Forecasting (DUF) Program survey methodology in nine counties outside of Chicago to produce statewide estimates based on interviews with 1,400 arrestees.

Thomas Regulus (Loyola University) sought NSF funds for a face-to-face study of trauma stress and adaptation of Southeast Asian youth. SRL was to have conducted statistical analysis on data collected by Regulus.

Robert Wood Johnson Foundation funds were sought by principal investigators Susan Allen and Vince Mor (Brown University) for a telephone study of disabled persons. SRL prepared a budget based on costs to interview several hundred respondents in a single city; the principal investigators planned to conduct the survey in 10 cities.

Stephanie McFall (University of Oklahoma [formerly UIC Department of Medical Social Work]) sought DHHS funds to conduct an evaluation of the effects of AHCPR clinical guidelines on urinary incontinence. One hundred physicians were to have been surveyed to measure changes in their attitudes, knowledge, and patterns of care. An outpatient records audit was to have measured changes in physician behavior. A survey of 20 patients per physician was to have assessed the effects of guidelines on health status, quality of life, and level of satisfaction.

Mark Testa (DCFS) sought Smith-Richardson Foundation funds for a study on substance use and child abuse. Telephone interviews were to have been conducted with 600 families in which cases of child abuse were considered founded.

The MacArthur Foundation was to have sponsored a study on fellowships.

Karen Muchen (Illinois Facilities Fund) sought City of Chicago Department of Human Services funding for a mail survey to the directors of Head Start agencies. SRL was to have entered data for the study, whose sample size was to have been 250.

SRL responded to a request for proposals from the Information and Evaluation Section of the Illinois Department of Public Health Office of Community Health for an ongoing state survey of households designed to monitor health risk behaviors in the general population (the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System survey, currently conducted in 49 states). The survey was to have involved 2,880 telephone interviews per year statewide.

Rudolph Jackson (North Carolina Central University) was to have been the principal investigator for the National Black Leadership Initiative on Cancer (NBLIC), a program to educate African Americans about cancer prevention. SRL was to have conducted a telephone evaluation of the program. Jackson submitted his proposal to NCI but did not receive funding. Another version of the proposal was funded, however, and became the NBLIC study described in the "Other Cancer-Related Research" section.

Daniel Lawrence (American Bar Association [ABA]) approached SRL with a request to conduct a verification of updates to ABA's membership list by telephone.

Judith Johns (Chicago Department of Public Health, HIV/AIDS Public Policy and Programs) was to have been principal investigator of a needs evaluation of ongoing and planned programs and proposals from community agencies. Current evaluation practices and development of protocols for data collection from community agencies were to have been assessed. A similar proposal, which received funding, was derived from this one and became the HIV/AIDS-related project described in the "Other Health-Related Research" section.

Christy Scott (Chestnut Health Systems, Lighthouse Institute) approached SRL about conducting interviewer training for face-to-face interviews for her DASA-funded Light House Target Chicago Study. The proposal was submitted in October 1995.

Don Robinson (CNR Health, Inc., Milwaukee, Wisconsin) approached SRL about conducting a telephone survey of patients' satisfaction with their health care provider.

SRL worked on a response to a request for proposals to conduct the Chicago Transit Authority Greenline Survey by telephone.

SRL was to have conducted a mail survey for the Winnetka School District of 600 property owners in Winnetka, half with children currently in the school system, and 200 Winnetka Public School system staff members.

Publication based on preliminary research conducted as part of a previous year's project development:

Sudman, S., & Phillips, J. M. Cognitive aspects of organizational reporting. American Statistical Association 1994 Proceedings of the Section on Survey Research Methods: Vol. II [AAPOR section], 1351­1356.

RESEARCH FACULTY

Six research faculty members held appointments at SRL in 1994­96. Warnecke's academic appointments are in the Departments of Sociology and Epidemiology and Biostatistics in Chicago and Sociology in Urbana and as professor of Public Administration in the College of Urban Planning and Public Affairs (CUPPA). Johnson is associate professor of Public Administration in CUPPA. Sudman's appointments are in the Departments of Business Administration and Sociology in Urbana. Paul Levy (UIC SPH, Epidemiology and Biostatistics), Gerald Strom (UIC Department of Political Science), Barry Chiswick (UIC Department of Economics), and Roland Liebert (UIUC Department of Sociology) held zero-time appointments with the Laboratory.

OTHER ACTIVITIES

Advising

SRL continued its policy of giving free advice to University faculty, staff, and students in 1994­96. Staff members spent 241.5 hours on these services, with 124.5 hours provided to the Chicago campus community and 117 to the Urbana campus. These figures do not include time spent on the project development activities described above.

Conference on Health Survey Research Methods

Warnecke and O'Rourke spent much of 1994 and 1995 organizing the Sixth Conference on Health Survey Research Methods, which was held June 24­26, 1995, in Breckenridge, Colorado. The conference produced state-of-the-art summaries of methodological knowledge and agendas for needed methodological research. The focuses were major survey activities in the federal statistical program, the use of surveys in health care policy, and ongoing methodological research relevant to these activities. The conference was sponsored by AHCPR, NCHS, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, NCI, and the Health Resources Services Administration. SRL edited and NCHS published the conference proceedings, which became available in May 1996 (Warnecke, R. [Ed.]. [1996]. Health Survey Research Methods Conference proceedings [DHHS Publication No. PHS 96-1013]. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics). Sudman presented a discussion paper at the conference session on sampling and cooperation (Sudman, S. [1996]. Optimizing the trade-off between cost and quality. In R. Warnecke [Ed.], Health Survey Research Methods Conference proceedings [DHHS Publication No. PHS 96-1013, pp. 129­ 131]. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics). Johnson and Warnecke presented SRL project­related papers at the conference (see citations in the "Research on Cognition" and "Other Cancer-Related Research" sections). O'Rourke will be working with Richard Kulka (Research Triangle Institute) to obtain funding for and plan a proposed Seventh Conference on Health Survey Research Methods, to be held in the spring of 1999.

Survey Research Newsletter

SRL published six issues of Survey Research newsletter in 1994­96; 1996 marked the newsletter's 28th year of publication. The newsletter has a circulation of 1,200 individuals and organizations worldwide. It serves as an instrument of communication among and about academic and not-for-profit survey research organizations, listing their current research activities and announcing conferences, calls for papers, job openings, changes in personnel, and other items of interest. The newsletter regularly announces new publications in the area of survey research, with an emphasis on methodological publications. A list of 110 academic and not-for-profit survey organizations, many of whom make regular announcements in the newsletter, is published biennially. Survey Research is financially self-supporting through subscriptions and contributions. Patrons (those who contribute $500 yearly) for 1994­96 were Abt Associates, Inc.; the American Association for Public Opinion Research; Battelle; the Bureau of the Census; the Institute for Policy Research at the University of Cincinnati; the Institute for Survey Research at Temple University; Mathematica Policy Research; NCHS; the National Opinion Research Center at the University of Chicago; RAND; the Research Triangle Institute; Response Analysis Corporation; the Section on Survey Research Methods of the American Statistical Association; the Survey Research Center at the University of Michigan; SRL; and Westat, Inc. O'Rourke is managing editor and Marya Ryan is production editor.

Workshops

SRL ran a workshop called New Developments in Questionnaire Design on the Urbana campus in November 1995 and on the Chicago campus in April 1996. O'Rourke, Sudman, Warnecke, and Johnson gave one session each.

Sudman and O'Rourke gave three sessions each for SRL's Workshop on Survey Research Methods, which took place in July 1994. Participating in the workshop were 7 UIUC faculty and staff members, 13 UIUC students, and 3 non-University people. Participants came from 13 UIUC campus units: the Department of Agricultural and Consumer Economics; the School of Art and Design; the Bureau of Economic and Business Research; the Department of Business Administration; Conferences and Institutes; the Division of Consumer Sciences; the Cooperative Extension Service; the Department of Economics; the Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition; the Department of Leisure Studies; the Graduate School of Library and Information Science; the Department of Sociology; and the Department of Vocational and Technical Education.

Talks and Lectures Given on Campus

SRL staff members gave a number of talks and lectures on the Chicago and Urbana campuses in the 1994­96 fiscal years:

Johnson gave lectures in the UIC School of Kinesiology's graduate-level Research Methods in Kinesiology class in October 1994 and October 1995.

O'Rourke lectured in the UIUC School of Art and Design's Industrial Design Research Methods class in November 1994.

O'Rourke delivered a lecture on survey research to the journalism class at the UIUC University High School in February 1995.

Johnson lectured in the SPH's Introduction to Public Health Policy Analysis class in March 1995 and March 1996.

Johnson gave a lecture for the SPH's Enhanced Analytic Skills Program in May 1995.

O'Rourke delivered a lecture on survey research to the Research Seminar in UIUC's School of Social Work in September 1995.

Johnson delivered a lecture called "Substance Abuse and Homelessness: Social Selection or Social Adaptation?" in the UIC Department of Sociology in October 1995.

O'Rourke delivered a lecture to the Health Data Analysis class in UIUC's Department of Community Health called "Conducting a Telephone Interview" in November 1995.

Talks and Lectures Given off Campus

SRL staff members also delivered talks and lectures off campus:

Elizabeth Hauser gives a lecture on process evaluation to Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke's Medical Center's Health Policy and Management class every semester.

In December 1994, Johnson gave a lecture at the National Technical Center for Substance Abuse Treatment Needs Assessment at Harvard University called "Random Digit Dialing Sampling Methods: An Overview and Applications to Substance Use Treatment Needs Assessment Surveys."

In March 1995, Johnson presented a talk called "Sampling in Substance Abuse Surveys" at the National Technical Center for Substance Abuse Treatment Needs Assessment Workshop: Measuring Need for Substance Abuse Treatment in the Context of Managed Care, held in Rockville, Maryland.

Warnecke gave a presentation based on a report he and Hauser wrote titled Conference review: Improving health care efficiency: Strategic approaches to managing care for asthma, sickle cell disease and tuberculosis to the Chicago Board of Health in May 1995.

Warnecke gave a talk to the Chicago Health Policy Research Council in June 1995 called "Cognitive Strategies for Improving Questionnaire Design for Hard-to-Survey Populations."

Warnecke gave a talk at the Ryan White Title I Local Evaluation Meeting in Washington, DC, in March 1996 called "Methods: Strategies for Involving Consumers, Local Planning Councils, and Grantees in the Design of Studies (Including Questionnaires, Interviews, and Focus Group Guides): Chicago."

In April 1996, Warnecke gave a talk at Brown University called "Current Strategies of Questionnaire Design: Recasting the Role of Conversation in Survey Interviewing" as part of a colloquium on research methods.

Other Service and Activities

Three SRL staff members served on dissertation committees for University of Illinois students. Warnecke served as chair of the committees of the following students:

Jennifer Parsons, UIC Department of Sociology, Bridging Perspectives: Contingency and Institutional Explanations of Community Coalition Organization, to graduate in 1997 and

Jonathan VanGeest, UIC Department of Sociology, Pathways to the Street: The Causes of Homelessness in America, to graduate in 1997.

Johnson served as a reading member on VanGeest's committee as well as on the committees of three other UIC students:

Laura Anderko, SPH, Social Determinants for Cancer in Women, to graduate in 1997;

Monorama Khare, SPH, Predictions of Breast Feeding Behavior, to graduate in 1997; and

Darlene Turner, SPH, Does Placement Status Affect the Use of Preventive Health Care Services by Children in Foster Care? to graduate in 1997.

Sudman served as dissertation committee chair for Joan Phillips, UIUC Department of Business Administration, How Informants Report About Interorganizational Relationships. Phillips graduated in May 1996.

Chapa-Resendez has served on the UIC Chancellor's Committee on the Status of Latinos since Sep-tember 1994.

Publications not directly related to SRL studies:

Hauser, E. S., Warnecke, R. B., Kerby, S., & Bright, C. (1995, May). Conference review: Improving health care efficiency: Strategic approaches to managing care for asthma, sickle cell disease and tuberculosis. Mimeographed report prepared for the Chicago Board of Health and the 1995 Ambulatory Care Council Conference, Chicago, IL.

Montgomery, A. C. (1995). Spatial autocorrelation revisited: Conceptual underpinnings and practical guidelines for the use of the generalized potential as a remedy for spatial autocorrelation in large samples. In C. R. Block, M. Dabdoub, & S. Fregly (Eds.), Crime analysis through computer mapping (pp. 99­110). Washington, DC: Police Executive Research Forum.

O'Rourke, D., Sudman, S., & Ryan, M. (1996). The growth of academic and not-for-profit survey research organizations. Survey Research, 27(1­2), 1­5.

Popkin, S. J., Olson, L. M., Lurigio, A. J., Gwiasda, V. E., & Carter, R. G. (1995). Sweeping out drugs and crime: Residents' views of the Chicago Housing Authority's public housing drug elimination program. Crime and Delinquency, 41(1), 73­99.

Schwarz, N., Bless, H., Hippler, H.-J., Strack, F., & Sudman, S. (1994). Cognitive and communicative aspects of survey measurement. In I. Borg & P. Ph. Mohler (Eds.), Trends and perspectives in empirical social research (pp. 40­56). New York: Walter de Gruyter.

Sudman, S. (1994). Sampling. In R. Bagozzi (Ed.), Basic principles of marketing research (pp. 73­115). London: Blackwell.

Sudman, S. (1995). When experts disagree: Discussion of papers by Jacoby and Stewart. Journal of Public Policy and Marketing, 14(1), 29­34.

Sudman, S. (1996). How to conduct your own survey by P. Salant & D. A. Dillman [Book review]. Journal of Marketing Research, 33, 118­119.

Sudman, S., Bradburn, N. M., & Schwarz, N. (1996). Thinking about answers: The application of cognitive processes to survey methodology. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Sudman, S., O'Rourke, D., & Ryan, M. The growth of academic and not-for-profit survey research organizations. American Statistical Association 1995 Proceedings of the Section on Survey Research Methods: Vol. II [AAPOR section], 1146­1150.

Sudman, S., & Phillips, J. (1995). The use of interactive cognitive interviewing to improve the quality of reporting of autobiographical behavior. SMPQ: Proceedings of the International Conference on Survey Measurement and Process Quality (pp. 216­220). Alexandria, VA: American Statistical Association.

Wilbur, J. E., Holm, K., Dan, A., Montgomery, A., & Chandler, P. (1994). Aerobic fitness and body mass protection against bone loss in healthy midlife women. Menopause, 1, 181­190.

Conference presentations not directly related to SRL studies:

Aschkenasy, J. R., & Johnson, T. P. (1996, May). Self-reported health of homeless youth. Ambulatory Pediatric Association, Washington, DC.

Aschkenasy, J., Johnson, T. P., & Herbers, M. R. (1994, November). Institutional experiences among homeless youth. American Public Health Association, Washington, DC.

Cowell, J. M., Fox, P., Montgomery, A., & Marks, B. (1994, October/November). Significant predictors of depression among Southeast Asian refugee children. American Public Health Association, Washington, DC.

Fendrich, M., Johnson, T. P., & Wislar, J. (1996, May). The impact of interviewer characteristics on cocaine use underreporting by male juvenile arrestees: A comparison of alternative models using validated reports. American Association for Public Opinion Research, Salt Lake City, UT.

Fox, P., Cowell, J., & Montgomery, A. C. (1994, October/November). The effects of family disruption on the mental health of Southeast Asian refugee women. American Public Health Association, Washington, DC.

Hauser, E. S., Warnecke, R. B., Kerby, S., & Bright, C. (1995, May). Conference review: Improving health care efficiency: Strategic approaches to managing care for asthma, sickle cell disease and tuberculosis. Ambulatory Care Council Conference, Chicago, IL.

Kistin, N., Willis, M., Davison, M., Outlaw, G., & Johnson, T. (1994, November). Promoting equity and relevance within community-university research partnerships: Strategies/experiences of a consortium. American Public Health Association, Washington, DC.

Lind, K. (1996, April). Barriers to immunization: Health insurance--The haves and have-nots. Eastern Sociological Society Meetings, Boston, MA.

Lind, K. (1996, April). Economic and social factors as barriers to immunization: A global perspective. Midwestern Sociological Society Meetings, Chicago, IL.

Lind, K., Barrett, R. E., & Tseng, S.-F. (1995, April). Shooting blanks: What kids don't get immunized, and why. Eastern Sociological Society Meetings, Philadelphia, PA.

Miller, A., Wilbur, J. E., & Montgomery, A. (1994, October/November). Motivation and leisure aerobic activity in midlife employed women. American Public Health Association, Washington, DC.

Montgomery, A. C., & Cowell, J. M. (1994, October/November). Nutrition behavior in three diverse communities: Differences and similarities. American Public Health Association, Washington, DC.

O'Rourke, D. (1996, May). The AAPOR Member Survey: Results related to publications and information. American Association for Public Opinion Research, Salt Lake City, UT.

O'Rourke, D., Sudman, S., & Ryan, M. (1995, May). The growth of academic and not-for-profit survey research organizations. American Association for Public Opinion Research, Fort Lauderdale, FL.

Sudman, S., & Phillips, J. (1995, April). The use of interactive cognitive interviewing to improve the quality of reporting of autobiographical behavior. International Conference on Survey Measurement and Process Quality, Bristol, England.

Talashek, M. L., & Montgomery, A. C. (1994, October/November). Testing a model of adolescent maturity and pregnancy: The second year's experience. American Public Health Association, Washington, DC.

Willis, M., Kistin, N., Outlaw, G., Johnson, T., Cramer, L., Turner, D., Charlow, A., & Rosenberg, D. (1995, November). Promoting group priority-setting and power-sharing in decisions about maternal and child health research: Guidelines and issues for academic and community partners in collaborative research. American Public Health Association, San Diego, CA.

APPENDIX A

STAFF ACTIVITIES, 1994­1996

Publications of SRL Staff

Chapa-Resendez, G. (with T. P. Johnson, J. B. Jobe, D. O'Rourke, S. Sudman, R. Warnecke, N. Chavez, & P. Golden). (1996). Dimensions of self identification among multiracial and multiethnic respondents in survey interviews. Bureau of the Census 1996 Annual Research Conference and Technology Interchange Proceedings, 157­175.

------ (with R. B. Warnecke, C. E. Ferrans, T. P. Johnson, D. P. O'Rourke, N. Chávez, S. Dudas, E. D. Smith, L. M. Schallmoser, R. P. Hand, & T. Lad). (1996). Measuring quality of life in culturally diverse populations. Journal of the National Cancer Institute Monographs, 20, 29­38.

Gwiasda, V. E. (with T. Johnson, A. Montgomery, & E. Severns). (1996, June). Public and professional perceptions of the University of Illinois at Chicago. Chicago, IL: Survey Research Laboratory, University of Illinois at Chicago.

------ (with S. J. Popkin, H. Doyle, & J. M. Amendolia). (1996, March). Chicago Housing Authority resident satisfaction survey: Phase I. Report prepared for the Housing and Urban Development Department. Bethesda, MD: Abt Associates, Inc.

------ (with S. J. Popkin, L. M. Olson, A. J. Lurigio, & R. G. Carter). (1995). Sweeping out drugs and crime: Residents' views of the Chicago Housing Authority's public housing drug elimination program. Crime and Delinquency, 41(1), 73­99.

------ (with S. J. Popkin, D. P. Rosenbaum, A. A. Anderson, L. M. Olson, A. J. Lurigio, & N. Taluc). (1995, October). An evaluation of the Chicago Housing Authority's anti-drug initiative: A model of comprehensive crime prevention in public housing. Report prepared for the National Institute of Justice. Bethesda, MD: Abt Associates, Inc.

Hauser, E. S. (with R. B. Warnecke, S. Kerby, & C. Bright). (1995, May). Conference review: Improving health care efficiency: Strategic approaches to managing care for asthma, sickle cell disease and tuberculosis. Mimeographed report prepared for the Chicago Board of Health and the 1995 Ambulatory Care Council Conference, Chicago, IL.

Johnson, T. P. (with M. E. Barrett). (1995). Substance use among homeless persons in Cook County, Illinois. International Journal of the Addictions, 3, 587­600.

------ (with L. Ford, R. B. Warnecke, S. Nayfield, A. Kaluzny, G. Cutter, D. Gillings, E. Sondik, & H. Ozer). (1994). Effect of an NCI clinical alert on breast cancer practice patterns. Journal of Clinical Oncology, 12, 1783­1788.

------ (with V. Gwiasda, A. Montgomery, & E. Severns). (1996, June). Public and professional perceptions of the University of Illinois at Chicago. Chicago, IL: Survey Research Laboratory, University of Illinois at Chicago.

------ (with H. L. Howe, M. Lehnherr, R. B. Warnecke, J. G. Katterhagen, & L. Ford). (1995). Pat-terns of breast cancer treatment: A comparison of a rural population with an urban population and a Community Clinical Oncology Program sample. Cancer Control, 2(2), 113­120.

------ (with J. B. Jobe, D. O'Rourke, S. Sudman, R. Warnecke, N. Chavez, G. Chapa-Resendez, & P. Golden). (1996). Dimensions of self identification among multiracial and multiethnic respondents in survey interviews. Bureau of the Census 1996 Annual Research Conference and Technology Interchange Proceedings, 157­175.

------ (with A. D. Kaluzny, R. Warnecke, L. M. Lacey, D. Gillings, & H. Ozer). (1995). Using a community clinical trials network for treatment, prevention, and control research: Assuring access to state-of-the-art cancer care. Cancer Investigation, 13, 517­525.

------ (with D. O'Rourke, N. Chavez, S. Sudman, R. B. Warnecke, L. Lacey, & J. Horm). (1996). Cultural variations in the interpretation of health survey questions. In R. Warnecke (Ed.), Health Survey Research Methods Conference proceedings (DHHS Publication No. [PHS] 96-1013, pp. 57­ 62). Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics.

------ (with D. O'Rourke, S. Sudman, R. Warnecke, N. Chavez, & J. Horm). Cultural similarities and differences in social cognition when answering survey questions. American Statistical Association 1995 Proceedings of the Social Statistics Section, 47­52.

------ (with D. O'Rourke, R. Warnecke, S. Sudman, N. Chavez, L. Lacey, & J. Horm). Cultural and gender differences in the response editing of health survey questions. American Statistical Association 1995 Proceedings of the Section on Survey Research Methods: Vol. II [AAPOR section], 1069­1074.

------ (with E. Severns & G. Balch). (1995, December). UIC staff perceptions of the Employee Development Program (EDP): Final report. Chicago, IL: Survey Research Laboratory, University of Illinois at Chicago.

------ (with S. Sudman, R. Warnecke, D. O'Rourke, & A. M. Davis). (1994). Cognitive aspects of reporting cancer prevention examinations and tests. National Center for Health Statistics (DHHS Publication No. PHS 94-1082). Vital and Health Statistics, Series 6, No. 7.

------ (with R. B. Warnecke & M. J. Aitken). (1996). Changing practice patterns. In A. D. Kaluzny, R. B. Warnecke, & Associates (Eds.), Managing a health care alliance: Improving community cancer care (pp. 105­128). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

------ (with R. B. Warnecke, C. E. Ferrans, G. Chapa-Resendez, D. P. O'Rourke, N. Chávez, S. Dudas, E. D. Smith, L. M. Schallmoser, R. P. Hand, & T. Lad). (1996). Measuring quality of life in culturally diverse populations. Journal of the National Cancer Institute Monographs, 20, 29­38.

------ (with R. B. Warnecke, A. D. Kaluzny, & L. G. Ford). (1995). The Community Clinical Oncology Program: Its effect on clinical practice. The Joint Commission Journal on Quality Improvement, 21, 336­339.

Montgomery, A. C. (1995). Spatial autocorrelation revisited: Conceptual underpinnings and practical guidelines for the use of the generalized potential as a remedy for spatial autocorrelation in large samples. In C. R. Block, M. Dabdoub, & S. Fregly (Eds.), Crime analysis through computer mapping (pp. 99­110). Washington, DC: Police Executive Research Forum.

------ (with V. Gwiasda, T. Johnson, & E. Severns). (1996, June). Public and professional perceptions of the University of Illinois at Chicago. Chicago, IL: Survey Research Laboratory, University of Illinois at Chicago.

------ (with J. E. Wilbur, K. Holm, A. Dan, & P. Chandler). (1994). Aerobic fitness and body mass protection against bone loss in healthy midlife women. Menopause, 1, 181­190.

O'Rourke, D. (with T. P. Johnson, N. Chavez, S. Sudman, R. B. Warnecke, L. Lacey, & J. Horm). (1996). Cultural variations in the interpretation of health survey questions. In R. Warnecke (Ed.), Health Survey Research Methods Conference proceedings (DHHS Publication No. [PHS] 96-1013, pp. 57­62). Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics.

------ (with T. P. Johnson, J. B. Jobe, S. Sudman, R. Warnecke, N. Chavez, G. Chapa-Resendez, & P. Golden). (1996). Dimensions of self identification among multiracial and multiethnic respondents in survey interviews. Bureau of the Census 1996 Annual Research Conference and Technology Interchange Proceedings, 157­175.

------ (with T. Johnson, S. Sudman, R. Warnecke, N. Chavez, & J. Horm). Cultural similarities and differences in social cognition when answering survey questions. American Statistical Association 1995 Proceedings of the Social Statistics Section, 47­52.

------ (with T. Johnson, R. Warnecke, S. Sudman, N. Chavez, L. Lacey, & J. Horm). Cultural and gender differences in the response editing of health survey questions. American Statistical Association 1995 Proceedings of the Section on Survey Research Methods: Vol. II [AAPOR section], 1069­1074.

------ (with J. L. Spaeth). (1996). Design of the National Organizations Study. In A. L. Kalleberg, D. Knoke, P. V. Marsden, & J. L. Spaeth (Eds.), Organizations in America: Analyzing their structures and human resource practices (pp. 23­44). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

------ (with S. Sudman & M. Ryan). The growth of academic and not-for-profit survey research organizations. American Statistical Association 1995 Proceedings of the Section on Survey Research Methods: Vol. II [AAPOR section], 1146­1150.

------ (with S. Sudman & M. Ryan). (1996). The growth of academic and not-for-profit survey research organizations. Survey Research, 27(1­2), 1­5.

------ (with S. Sudman, R. Warnecke, T. Johnson, & A. M. Davis). (1994). Cognitive aspects of report-ing cancer prevention examinations and tests. National Center for Health Statistics (DHHS Publication No. PHS 94-1082). Vital and Health Statistics, Series 6, No. 7.

------ (with R. B. Warnecke, C. E. Ferrans, T. P. Johnson, G. Chapa-Resendez, N. Chávez, S. Dudas, E. D. Smith, L. M. Schallmoser, R. P. Hand, & T. Lad). (1996). Measuring quality of life in culturally diverse populations. Journal of the National Cancer Institute Monographs, 20, 29­38.

Parsons, J. A. (with K. S. Crittenden, C. Manfredi, L. Lacey, & R. Warnecke). (1994). Measuring readiness and motivation to quit smoking among women in public health clinics. Addictive Behaviors, 19, 497­507.

------ (with R. B. Warnecke, R. F. Czaja, J. Barnsley, & A. Kaluzny). (1994). Factors associated with response rates in a national survey of primary care physicians. Evaluation Review, 18, 756­766.

Phillips, J. M. (with S. Sudman). Cognitive aspects of organizational reporting. American Statistical Association 1994 Proceedings of the Section on Survey Research Methods: Vol. II [AAPOR section], 1351­1356.

------ (with S. Sudman). (1995). The use of interactive cognitive interviewing to improve the quality of reporting of autobiographical behavior. SMPQ: Proceedings of the International Conference on Survey Measurement and Process Quality (pp. 216­220). Alexandria, VA: American Statistical Association.

Ryan, M. (with D. O'Rourke & S. Sudman). (1996). The growth of academic and not-for-profit survey research organizations. Survey Research, 27(1­2), 1­5.

------ (with S. Sudman & D. O'Rourke). The growth of academic and not-for-profit survey research organizations. American Statistical Association 1995 Proceedings of the Section on Survey Research Methods: Vol. II [AAPOR section], 1146­1150.

Severns, E. (with V. Gwiasda, T. Johnson, & A. Montgomery). (1996, June). Public and professional perceptions of the University of Illinois at Chicago. Chicago, IL: Survey Research Laboratory, University of Illinois at Chicago.

------ (with T. P. Johnson & G. Balch). (1995, December). UIC staff perceptions of the Employee Development Program (EDP): Final report. Chicago, IL: Survey Research Laboratory, University of Illinois at Chicago.

Simon, B. (1995, June). The University of Illinois at Chicago 1994 Employee Attitude Survey, Part 1 (University Survey). Chicago, IL: Survey Research Laboratory, University of Illinois at Chicago.

------ (1995, June). The University of Illinois at Chicago 1994 Employee Attitude Survey, Part 2 (Medical Center Survey). Chicago, IL: Survey Research Laboratory, University of Illinois at Chicago.

Sudman, S. (1994). Sampling. In R. Bagozzi (Ed.), Basic principles of marketing research (pp. 73­115). London: Blackwell.

------. (1995). When experts disagree: Discussion of papers by Jacoby and Stewart. Journal of Public Policy and Marketing, 14(1), 29­34.

------. (1996). How to conduct your own survey by P. Salant & D. A. Dillman [Book review]. Journal of Marketing Research, 33, 118­119.

------. (1996). Optimizing the trade-off between cost and quality. In R. Warnecke (Ed.), Health Survey Research Methods Conference proceedings (DHHS Publication No. [PHS] 96-1013, pp. 129­131). Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics.

------ (with N. M. Bradburn & N. Schwarz). (1996). Thinking about answers: The application of cog-nitive processes to survey methodology. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

------ (with T. P. Johnson, J. B. Jobe, D. O'Rourke, R. Warnecke, N. Chavez, G. Chapa-Resendez, & P. Golden). (1996). Dimensions of self identification among multiracial and multiethnic respondents in survey interviews. Bureau of the Census 1996 Annual Research Conference and Technology Interchange Proceedings, 157­175.

------ (with T. P. Johnson, D. O'Rourke, N. Chavez, R. B. Warnecke, L. Lacey, & J. Horm). (1996). Cultural variations in the interpretation of health survey questions. In R. Warnecke (Ed.), Health Survey Research Methods Conference proceedings (DHHS Publication No. [PHS] 96-1013, pp. 57­ 62). Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics.

------ (with T. Johnson, D. O'Rourke, R. Warnecke, N. Chavez, & J. Horm). Cultural similarities and differences in social cognition when answering survey questions. American Statistical Association 1995 Proceedings of the Social Statistics Section, 47­52.

------ (with G. Menon, B. Bickart, & J. Blair). (1995). How well do you know your partner? Strategies for formulating proxy reports and their effects on convergence to self-reports. Journal of Marketing Research, 32, 75­84.

------ (with D. O'Rourke, T. Johnson, R. Warnecke, N. Chavez, L. Lacey, & J. Horm). Cultural and gender differences in the response editing of health survey questions. American Statistical Association 1995 Proceedings of the Section on Survey Research Methods: Vol. II [AAPOR section], 1069­1074.

------ (with D. O'Rourke & M. Ryan). The growth of academic and not-for-profit survey research organizations. American Statistical Association 1995 Proceedings of the Section on Survey Research Methods: Vol. II [AAPOR section], 1146­1150.

------ (with D. O'Rourke & M. Ryan). (1996). The growth of academic and not-for-profit survey research organizations. Survey Research, 27(1­2), 1­5.

------ (with J. M. Phillips). Cognitive aspects of organizational reporting. American Statistical Association 1994 Proceedings of the Section on Survey Research Methods: Vol. II [AAPOR section], 1351­1356.

------ (with J. Phillips). (1995). The use of interactive cognitive interviewing to improve the quality of reporting of autobiographical behavior. SMPQ: Proceedings of the International Conference on Survey Measurement and Process Quality (pp. 216­220). Alexandria, VA: American Statistical Association.

------ (with N. Schwarz, H. Bless, H.-J. Hippler, & F. Strack). (1994). Cognitive and communicative aspects of survey measurement. In I. Borg & P. Ph. Mohler (Eds.), Trends and perspectives in empirical social research (pp. 40­56). New York: Walter de Gruyter.

------ (with J. B. VanGeest, R. B. Warnecke, S. Calkins, & Associates). (1994, August). Impact of media intervention on awareness and sensitivity to the substantive interview among respondents to a pilot study of the disabled: A report to the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. Chicago, IL: Survey Research Laboratory, University of Illinois at Chicago.

------ (with R. Warnecke, T. Johnson, D. O'Rourke, & A. M. Davis). (1994). Cognitive aspects of reporting cancer prevention examinations and tests. National Center for Health Statistics (DHHS Publication No. PHS 94-1082). Vital and Health Statistics, Series 6, No. 7.

VanGeest, J. B. (with R. B. Warnecke, S. Sudman, S. Calkins, & Associates). (1994, August). Impact of media intervention on awareness and sensitivity to the substantive interview among respondents to a pilot study of the disabled: A report to the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. Chicago, IL: Survey Research Laboratory, University of Illinois at Chicago.

Warnecke, R. B. (Ed.). (1996). Health Survey Research Methods Conference proceedings (DHHS Publication No. [PHS] 96-1013). Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics.

------ (with J. Barnsley & D. M. Hynes). (1996). Ensuring access to quality care. In A. D. Kaluzny, R. B. Warnecke, & Associates (Eds.), Managing a health care alliance: Improving community cancer care (pp. 59­82). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

------ (with K. S. Crittenden, C. Manfredi, L. Lacey, & J. Parsons). (1994). Measuring readiness and motivation to quit smoking among women in public health clinics. Addictive Behaviors, 19, 497­507.

------ (with R. Czaja & C. Manfredi). (1996). Collecting survey and medical records data to measure intervention outcomes in medical practices serving urban minorities. In R. Warnecke (Ed.), Health Survey Research Methods Conference proceedings (DHHS Publication No. [PHS] 96-1013, pp. 209­ 214). Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics.

------ (with C. E. Ferrans, T. P. Johnson, G. Chapa-Resendez, D. P. O'Rourke, N. Chávez, S. Dudas, E. D. Smith, L. M. Schallmoser, R. P. Hand, & T. Lad). (1996). Measuring quality of life in culturally diverse populations. Journal of the National Cancer Institute Monographs, 20, 29­38.

------ (with E. S. Hauser, S. Kerby, & C. Bright). (1995, May). Conference review: Improving health care efficiency: Strategic approaches to managing care for asthma, sickle cell disease and tuberculosis. Mimeographed report prepared for the Chicago Board of Health and the 1995 Ambulatory Care Council Conference, Chicago, IL.

------ (with H. L. Howe, T. P. Johnson, M. Lehnherr, J. G. Katterhagen, & L. Ford). (1995). Patterns of breast cancer treatment: A comparison of a rural population with an urban population and a Community Clinical Oncology Program sample. Cancer Control, 2(2), 113­120.

------ (with T. P. Johnson & M. J. Aitken). (1996). Changing practice patterns. In A. D. Kaluzny, R. B. Warnecke, & Associates (Eds.), Managing a health care alliance: Improving community cancer care (pp. 105­128). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

------ (with T. P. Johnson, L. Ford, S. Nayfield, A. Kaluzny, G. Cutter, D. Gillings, E. Sondik, & H. Ozer). (1994). Effect of an NCI clinical alert on breast cancer practice patterns. Journal of Clinical Oncology, 12, 1783­1788.

------ (with T. P. Johnson, J. B. Jobe, D. O'Rourke, S. Sudman, N. Chavez, G. Chapa-Resendez, & P. Golden). (1996). Dimensions of self identification among multiracial and multiethnic respondents in survey interviews. Bureau of the Census 1996 Annual Research Conference and Technology Interchange Proceedings, 157­175.

------ (with T. P. Johnson, A. D. Kaluzny, & L. G. Ford). (1995). The Community Clinical Oncology Program: Its effect on clinical practice. The Joint Commission Journal on Quality Improvement, 21, 336­339.

------ (with T. P. Johnson, D. O'Rourke, N. Chavez, S. Sudman, L. Lacey, & J. Horm). (1996). Cultural variations in the interpretation of health survey questions. In R. Warnecke (Ed.), Health Survey Research Methods Conference proceedings (DHHS Publication No. [PHS] 96-1013, pp. 57­ 62). Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics.

------ (with T. Johnson, D. O'Rourke, S. Sudman, N. Chavez, & J. Horm). Cultural similarities and differences in social cognition when answering survey questions. American Statistical Association 1995 Proceedings of the Social Statistics Section, 47­52.

------ (with A. D. Kaluzny). (1996). The challenge of improving cancer care. In A. D. Kaluzny, R. B. Warnecke, & Associates (Eds.), Managing a health care alliance: Improving community cancer care (pp. 3­30). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

------ (with A. D. Kaluzny). (1996). Working within a changing health care system. In A. D. Kaluzny, R. B. Warnecke, & Associates (Eds.), Managing a health care alliance: Improving community cancer care (pp. 171­186). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

------ (with A. D. Kaluzny & Associates [Eds.]). (1996). Managing a health care alliance: Improving community cancer care. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

------ (with A. D. Kaluzny, L. M. Lacey, T. Johnson, D. Gillings, & H. Ozer). (1995). Using a community clinical trials network for treatment, prevention, and control research: Assuring access to state-of-the-art cancer care. Cancer Investigation, 13, 517­525.

------ (with C. N. Klabunde & A. D. Kaluzny). (1996). Bringing cancer prevention and control protocols to the community. In A. D. Kaluzny, R. B. Warnecke, & Associates (Eds.), Managing a health care alliance: Improving community cancer care (pp. 147­170). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

------ (with F. J. Kviz, M. Clark, K. S. Crittenden, & S. Freels). (1995). Age and smoking cessation behaviors. Preventive Medicine, 24, 297­307.

------ (with S. L. McFall, A. D. Kaluzny, & L. Ford). (1996). Practice setting and physician influences on judgments of colon cancer treatment by community physicians. HSR: Health Services Research, 31(1), 5­19.

------ (with M. M. McKinney & A. D. Kaluzny). (1996). Integrating prevention and control protocols into a clinical trials network. In A. D. Kaluzny, R. B. Warnecke, & Associates (Eds.), Managing a health care alliance: Improving community cancer care (pp. 131­145). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

------ (with D. O'Rourke, T. Johnson, S. Sudman, N. Chavez, L. Lacey, & J. Horm). Cultural and gender differences in the response editing of health survey questions. American Statistical Association 1995 Proceedings of the Section on Survey Research Methods: Vol. II [AAPOR section], 1069­1074.

------ (with J. A. Parsons, R. F. Czaja, J. Barnsley, & A. Kaluzny). (1994). Factors associated with response rates in a national survey of primary care physicians. Evaluation Review, 18, 756­766.

------ (with S. Sudman, T. Johnson, D. O'Rourke, & A. M. Davis). (1994). Cognitive aspects of reporting cancer prevention examinations and tests. National Center for Health Statistics (DHHS Publication No. PHS 94-1082). Vital and Health Statistics, Series 6, No. 7.

------ (with J. B. VanGeest, S. Sudman, S. Calkins, & Associates). (1994, August). Impact of media intervention on awareness and sensitivity to the substantive interview among respondents to a pilot study of the disabled: A report to the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. Chicago, IL: Survey Research Laboratory, University of Illinois at Chicago.

Conference Organization

O'Rourke, D. (with R. B. Warnecke). Organizer, Sixth Conference on Health Survey Research Methods, Breckenridge, CO, June 1995.

Warnecke, R. B. (with D. O'Rourke). Organizer, Sixth Conference on Health Survey Research Methods, Breckenridge, CO, June 1995.

Conference Participation and Other Professional Appearances

Chapa-Resendez, G. (with C. Bright, S. Bonds, F. Perez, D. O'Rourke, & T. P. Johnson). (1994, November). Recruiting respondents for cognitive survey interviews. Midwest Association for Public Opinion Research, Chicago, IL.

------ (with N. Chávez, T. P. Johnson, J. B. Jobe, D. O'Rourke, S. Sudman, R. B. Warnecke, & P. Golden). (1996, January). Ethnic self-identification of Hispanic women. North American Association of Central Cancer Registries, Atlanta, GA.

------ (with T. P. Johnson, J. B. Jobe, D. O'Rourke, S. Sudman, R. Warnecke, N. Chávez, & P. Golden). (1996, March). Dimensions of self identification among multiracial and multiethnic respondents in survey interviews. U.S. Bureau of the Census Annual Research Conference, Arlington, VA.

------ (with T. P. Johnson, D. O'Rourke, S. Sudman, N. Chávez, R. B. Warnecke, & J. Jobe). (1995, November). Responses to racial and ethnic identification questions among multicultural respondents. Midwest Association for Public Opinion Research, Chicago, IL.

Gwiasda, V. E. (with S. J. Popkin & E. Martel). (1996, May). Confronting the challenges of data collection in distressed public housing. American Association for Public Opinion Research, Salt Lake City, UT.

------ (with S. J. Popkin, D. P. Rosenbaum, A. J. Lurigio, L. M. Olson, & N. Taluc). (1995, July). Fighting drugs and crime in public housing in Chicago. National Institute of Justice, National Evaluation Conference, Washington, DC.

------ (with S. J. Popkin, D. P. Rosenbaum, A. J. Lurigio, L. M. Olson, & N. Taluc). (1995, November). An evaluation of the Chicago Housing Authority's anti-drug initiative. American Society of Criminology, Boston, MA.

------ (with S. J. Popkin, D. P. Rosenbaum, N. Taluc, L. M. Olson, & A. A. Anderson). (1995, November). Battling crime in the inner city: The Chicago Housing Authority's anti-drug initiative [Poster presentation]. Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management, Washington, DC.

------ (with N. Taluc & S. J. Popkin). (1995, November). Conducting surveys in difficult conditions: A guide to data collection in public housing. Midwest Association for Public Opinion Research, Chicago, IL.

Hauser, E. S. (with R. B. Warnecke, S. Kerby, & C. Bright). (1995, May). Conference review: Improving health care efficiency: Strategic approaches to managing care for asthma, sickle cell disease and tuberculosis. Ambulatory Care Council Conference, Chicago, IL.

Johnson, T. P. (with J. R. Aschkenasy). (1996, May). Self-reported health of homeless youth. Ambulatory Pediatric Association, Washington, DC.

------ (with J. Aschkenasy & M. R. Herbers). (1994, November). Institutional experiences among homeless youth. American Public Health Association, Washington, DC.

------ (with G. Chapa-Resendez, C. Bright, S. Bonds, F. Perez, & D. O'Rourke). (1994, November). Recruiting respondents for cognitive survey interviews. Midwest Association for Public Opinion Research, Chicago, IL.

------ (with N. Chávez, J. B. Jobe, D. O'Rourke, S. Sudman, R. B. Warnecke, G. Chapa-Resendez, & P. Golden). (1996, January). Ethnic self-identification of Hispanic women. North American Association of Central Cancer Registries, Atlanta, GA.

------ (with N. Chávez, D. O'Rourke, S. Sudman, R. Warnecke, L. Lacey, & J. Horm). (1994, November). Consumer characterization of vegetable servings: Ethnic and Gender differences. American Public Health Association, Washington, DC.

------ (with M. Fendrich & J. Wislar). (1996, May). The impact of interviewer characteristics on cocaine use underreporting by male juvenile arrestees: A comparison of alternative models using validated reports. American Association for Public Opinion Research, Salt Lake City, UT.

------ (with S. A. Freels & J. A. Parsons). (1994, November). Substance use initiation and likelihood of experiencing homelessness. American Public Health Association, Washington, DC.

------ (with J. B. Jobe, D. O'Rourke, S. Sudman, R. Warnecke, N. Chávez, G. Chapa-Resendez, & P. Golden). (1996, March). Dimensions of self identification among multiracial and multiethnic respondents in survey interviews. U.S. Bureau of the Census Annual Research Conference, Arlington, VA.

------ (with J. Jobe, D. O'Rourke, S. Sudman, R. B. Warnecke, N. Chávez, & P. Golden). (1995, August). Racial and ethnic self-identification in birth certification. American Sociological Association, Washington, DC.

------ (with N. Kistin, M. Willis, M. Davison, & G. Outlaw). (1994, November). Promoting equity and relevance within community-university research partnerships: Strategies/experiences of a consortium. American Public Health Association, Washington, DC.

------ (with D. O'Rourke). (1995, May). Use of structured probes for pretesting and cognitive interviewing. Field Directors/Technologies Conference, Deerfield Beach, FL.

------ (with D. O'Rourke, N. Chávez, S. Sudman, R. Warnecke, L. Lacey, & J. Horm). (1994, Au-gust). Ethnic and gender differences in the information retrieval strategies used in health surveys. Third Practical Aspects of Memory Conference, College Park, MD.

------ (with D. O'Rourke, N. Chávez, S. Sudman, R. Warnecke, L. Lacey, & J. Horm). (1994, November). Social cognition and responses to mental health survey questions among four ethnic groups. American Public Health Association, Washington, DC.

------ (with D. O'Rourke, N. Chávez, S. Sudman, R. Warnecke, L. Lacey, & J. Horm). (1995, April). Social cognition and responses to survey questions among culturally diverse populations. International Conference on Survey Measurement and Process Quality, Bristol, England.

------ (with D. O'Rourke, N. Chávez, S. Sudman, R. Warnecke, L. Lacey, & J. Horm). (1995, June). Cultural variations in the interpretation of health survey questions. Sixth Conference on Health Survey Research Methods, Breckenridge, CO.

------ (with D. O'Rourke, N. Chávez, S. Sudman, R. B. Warnecke, L. Lacey, & J. Horm). (1995, November). Cross-cultural similarities and differences in social cognition when responding to health survey questions: An overview. Midwest Association for Public Opinion Research, Chicago, IL.

------ (with D. O'Rourke, S. Sudman, N. Chávez, R. B. Warnecke, G. Chapa-Resendez, & J. Jobe). (1995, November). Responses to racial and ethnic identification questions among multicultural respondents. Midwest Association for Public Opinion Research, Chicago, IL.

------ (with D. O'Rourke, S. Sudman, R. Warnecke, N. Chávez, & J. Horm). (1995, August). Cultural similarities and differences in social cognition when answering survey questions. American Statistical Association, Orlando, FL.

------ (with D. O'Rourke, R. Warnecke, S. Sudman, N. Chávez, L. Lacey, & J. Horm). (1995, May). Cultural and gender differences in the response editing of health survey questions. American Association for Public Opinion Research, Fort Lauderdale, FL.

------ (with J. A. Parsons). (1994, November). Substance use and abuse among the homeless in Cook County, IL. American Public Health Association, Washington, DC.

------ (with R. B. Warnecke, N. Chávez, S. Sudman, D. P. O'Rourke, L. Lacey, & J. Horm). (1995, September). Improving question wording in surveys of culturally diverse populations. Annual Scientific Meeting of the American College of Epidemiology, St. Louis, MO.

------ (with R. B. Warnecke, A. D. Kaluzny, & L. G. Ford). (1994, September). Bureaucratic and professional endorsement of medical practice change within organizations. Conference on Diffusion/ Dissemination, Kansas City, KS.

------ (with M. Willis, N. Kistin, G. Outlaw, L. Cramer, D. Turner, A. Charlow, & D. Rosenberg). (1995, November). Promoting group priority-setting and power-sharing in decisions about maternal and child health research: Guidelines and issues for academic and community partners in collaborative research. American Public Health Association, San Diego, CA.

Lind, K. (1996, April). Barriers to immunization: Health insurance--The haves and have-nots. Eastern Sociological Society Meetings, Boston, MA.

------. (1996, April). Economic and social factors as barriers to immunization: A global perspective. Midwestern Sociological Society Meetings, Chicago, IL.

------ (with R. E. Barrett & S.-F. Tseng). (1995, April). Shooting blanks: What kids don't get immunized, and why. Eastern Sociological Society Meetings, Philadelphia, PA.

Montgomery, A. C. (with J. M. Cowell). (1994, October/November). Nutrition behavior in three diverse communities: Differences and similarities. American Public Health Association, Washington, DC.

------ (with J. M. Cowell, P. Fox, & B. Marks). (1994, October/November). Significant predictors of depression among Southeast Asian refugee children. American Public Health Association, Washington, DC.

------ (with P. Fox & J. Cowell). (1994, October/November). The effects of family disruption on the mental health of Southeast Asian refugee women. American Public Health Association, Washington, DC.

------ (with A. Miller & J. E. Wilbur). (1994, October/November). Motivation and leisure aerobic activity in midlife employed women. American Public Health Association, Washington, DC.

------ (with M. L. Talashek). (1994, October/November). Testing a model of adolescent maturity and pregnancy: The second year's experience. American Public Health Association, Washington, DC.

O'Rourke, D. (with G. Chapa-Resendez, C. Bright, S. Bonds, F. Perez, D. O'Rourke, & T. P. Johnson). (1994, November). Recruiting respondents for cognitive survey interviews. Midwest Association for Public Opinion Research, Chicago, IL.

------ (with N. Chávez, T. P. Johnson, J. B. Jobe, S. Sudman, R. B. Warnecke, G. Chapa-Resendez, & P. Golden). (1996, January). Ethnic self-identification of Hispanic women. North American Association of Central Cancer Registries, Atlanta, GA.

------ (with N. Chávez, T. P. Johnson, S. Sudman, R. Warnecke, L. Lacey, & J. Horm). (1994, November). Consumer characterization of vegetable servings: Ethnic and gender differences. American Public Health Association, Washington, DC.

------ (with J. Jobe, T. P. Johnson, S. Sudman, R. B. Warnecke, N. Chávez, & P. Golden). (1995, August). Racial and ethnic self-identification in birth certification. American Sociological Association, Washington, DC.

------ (with T. Johnson). (1995, May). Use of structured probes for pretesting and cognitive interviewing. Field Directors/Technologies Conference, Deerfield Beach, FL.

------ (with T. Johnson, N. Chávez, S. Sudman, R. Warnecke, L. Lacey, & J. Horm). (1994, August). Ethnic and gender differences in the information retrieval strategies used in health surveys. Third Practical Aspects of Memory Conference, College Park, MD.

------ (with T. P. Johnson, N. Chávez, S. Sudman, R. Warnecke, L. Lacey, & J. Horm). (1994, November). Social cognition and responses to mental health survey questions among four ethnic groups. American Public Health Association, Washington, DC.

------ (with T. Johnson, N. Chávez, S. Sudman, R. Warnecke, L. Lacey, & J. Horm). (1995, April). Social cognition and responses to survey questions among culturally diverse populations. International Conference on Survey Measurement and Process Quality, Bristol, England.

------ (with T. P. Johnson, N. Chávez, S. Sudman, R. Warnecke, L. Lacey, & J. Horm). (1995, June). Cultural variations in the interpretation of health survey questions. Sixth Conference on Health Survey Research Methods, Breckenridge, CO.

------ (with T. P. Johnson, N. Chávez, S. Sudman, R. B. Warnecke, L. Lacey, & J. Horm). (1995, November). Cross-cultural similarities and differences in social cognition when responding to health survey questions: An overview. Midwest Association for Public Opinion Research, Chicago, IL.

------ (with T. P. Johnson, J. B. Jobe, S. Sudman, R. Warnecke, N. Chávez, G. Chapa-Resendez, & P. Golden). (1996, March). Dimensions of self identification among multiracial and multiethnic re-spondents in survey interviews. U.S. Bureau of the Census Annual Research Conference, Arlington, VA.

------ (with T. P. Johnson, S. Sudman, N. Chávez, R. B. Warnecke, G. Chapa-Resendez, & J. Jobe). (1995, November). Responses to racial and ethnic identification questions among multicultural respondents. Midwest Association for Public Opinion Research, Chicago, IL.

------ (with T. Johnson, S. Sudman, R. Warnecke, N. Chávez, & J. Horm). (1995, August). Cultural similarities and differences in social cognition when answering survey questions. American Statistical Association, Orlando, FL.

------ (with T. Johnson, R. Warnecke, S. Sudman, N. Chávez, L. Lacey, & J. Horm). (1995, May). Cultural and gender differences in the response editing of health survey questions. American Association for Public Opinion Research, Fort Lauderdale, FL.

------ (with S. Sudman & M. Ryan). (1995, May). The growth of academic and not-for-profit survey research organizations. American Association for Public Opinion Research, Fort Lauderdale, FL.

------ (with R. B. Warnecke, T. P. Johnson, N. Chávez, S. Sudman, L. Lacey, & J. Horm). (1995, September). Improving question wording in surveys of culturally diverse populations. Annual Scientific Meeting of the American College of Epidemiology, St. Louis, MO.

Parsons, J. A. (with T. P. Johnson). (1994, November). Substance use and abuse among the homeless in Cook County, IL. American Public Health Association, Washington, DC.

------ (with T. P. Johnson & S. A. Freels). (1994, November). Substance use initiation and likelihood of experiencing homelessness. American Public Health Association, Washington, DC.

Phillips, J. (with S. Sudman). (1995, April). The use of interactive cognitive interviewing to improve the quality of reporting of autobiographical behavior. International Conference on Survey Measurement and Process Quality, Bristol, England.

Ryan, M. (with D. O'Rourke & S. Sudman). (1995, May). The growth of academic and not-for-profit survey research organizations. American Association for Public Opinion Research, Fort Lauderdale, FL.

Simon, B. (1995, November). Self-administered mail questionnaires without respondent identification numbers: Can they be used to enhance confidentiality? Midwest Association for Public Opinion Research, Chicago, IL.

Sudman, S. (1995, June). Discussion, Session on Sampling and Cooperation. Sixth Conference on Health Survey Research Methods, Breckenridge, CO, June 1995.

------ (with N. Chávez, T. P. Johnson, J. B. Jobe, D. O'Rourke, R. B. Warnecke, G. Chapa-Resendez, & P. Golden). (1996, January). Ethnic self-identification of Hispanic women. North American Association of Central Cancer Registries, Atlanta, GA.

------ (with N. Chávez, T. P. Johnson, D. O'Rourke, R. Warnecke, L. Lacey, & J. Horm). (1994, November). Consumer characterization of vegetable servings: Ethnic and gender differences. American Public Health Association, Washington, DC.

------ (with J. Jobe, T. P. Johnson, D. O'Rourke, R. B. Warnecke, N. Chávez, & P. Golden). (1995, August). Racial and ethnic self-identification in birth certification. American Sociological Association, Washington, DC.

------ (with T. P. Johnson, J. B. Jobe, D. O'Rourke, R. Warnecke, N. Chávez, G. Chapa-Resendez, & P. Golden). (1996, March). Dimensions of self identification among multiracial and multiethnic respondents in survey interviews. U.S. Bureau of the Census Annual Research Conference, Arlington, VA.

------ (with T. P. Johnson, D. O'Rourke, N. Chávez, R. B. Warnecke, G. Chapa-Resendez, & J. Jobe). (1995, November). Responses to racial and ethnic identification questions among multicultural respondents. Midwest Association for Public Opinion Research, Chicago, IL.

------ (with T. Johnson, D. O'Rourke, N. Chávez, R. Warnecke, L. Lacey, & J. Horm). (1994, Au-gust). Ethnic and gender differences in the information retrieval strategies used in health surveys. Third Practical Aspects of Memory Conference, College Park, MD.

------ (with T. P. Johnson, D. O'Rourke, N. Chávez, R. Warnecke, L. Lacey, & J. Horm). (1994, November). Social cognition and responses to mental health survey questions among four ethnic groups. American Public Health Association, Washington, DC.

------ (with T. Johnson, D. O'Rourke, N. Chávez, R. Warnecke, L. Lacey, & J. Horm). (1995, April). Social cognition and responses to survey questions among culturally diverse populations. International Conference on Survey Measurement and Process Quality, Bristol, England.

------ (with T. P. Johnson, D. O'Rourke, N. Chávez, R. Warnecke, L. Lacey, & J. Horm). (1995, June). Cultural variations in the interpretation of health survey questions. Sixth Conference on Health Survey Research Methods, Breckenridge, CO.

------ (with T. P. Johnson, D. O'Rourke, N. Chávez, R. B. Warnecke, L. Lacey, & J. Horm). (1995, November). Cross-cultural similarities and differences in social cognition when responding to health survey questions: An overview. Midwest Association for Public Opinion Research, Chicago, IL.

------ (with T. Johnson, D. O'Rourke, R. Warnecke, N. Chávez, & J. Horm). (1995, August). Cultural similarities and differences in social cognition when answering survey questions. American Statistical Association, Orlando, FL.

------ (with D. O'Rourke, T. Johnson, R. Warnecke, N. Chávez, L. Lacey, & J. Horm). (1995, May). Cultural and gender differences in the response editing of health survey questions. American Association for Public Opinion Research, Fort Lauderdale, FL.

------ (with D. O'Rourke & M. Ryan). (1995, May). The growth of academic and not-for-profit survey research organizations. American Association for Public Opinion Research, Fort Lauderdale, FL.

------ (with J. Phillips). (1995, April). The use of interactive cognitive interviewing to improve the quality of reporting of autobiographical behavior. International Conference on Survey Measurement and Process Quality, Bristol, England.

------ (with R. B. Warnecke, T. P. Johnson, N. Chávez, D. P. O'Rourke, L. Lacey, & J. Horm). (1995, September). Improving question wording in surveys of culturally diverse populations. Annual Scientific Meeting of the American College of Epidemiology, St. Louis, MO.

Warnecke, R. B. (with N. Chávez, T. P. Johnson, J. B. Jobe, D. O'Rourke, S. Sudman, G. Chapa-Resendez, & P. Golden). (1996, January). Ethnic self-identification of Hispanic women. North American Association of Central Cancer Registries, Atlanta, GA.

------ (with N. Chávez, T. P. Johnson, D. O'Rourke, S. Sudman, L. Lacey, & J. Horm). (1994, November). Consumer characterization of vegetable servings: Ethnic and gender differences. American Public Health Association, Washington, DC.

------ (with R. Czaja & C. Manfredi). (1995, June). Collecting survey and medical records data to measure intervention outcomes in medical practices serving urban minorities. Sixth Conference on Health Survey Research Methods, Breckenridge, CO.

------ (with E. S. Hauser, S. Kerby, & C. Bright). (1995, May). Conference review: Improving health care efficiency: Strategic approaches to managing care for asthma, sickle cell disease and tuberculosis. Ambulatory Care Council Conference, Chicago, IL.

------ (with J. Jobe, T. P. Johnson, D. O'Rourke, S. Sudman, N. Chávez, & P. Golden). (1995, August). Racial and ethnic self-identification in birth certification. American Sociological Association, Washington, DC.

------ (with T. P. Johnson, N. Chávez, S. Sudman, D. P. O'Rourke, L. Lacey, & J. Horm). (1995, September). Improving question wording in surveys of culturally diverse populations. Annual Scientific Meeting of the American College of Epidemiology, St. Louis, MO.

------ (with T. P. Johnson, J. B. Jobe, D. O'Rourke, S. Sudman, N. Chávez, G. Chapa-Resendez, & P. Golden). (1996, March). Dimensions of self identification among multiracial and multiethnic respondents in survey interviews. U.S. Bureau of the Census Annual Research Conference, Arlington, VA.

------ (with T. P. Johnson, A. D. Kaluzny, & L. G. Ford). (1994, September). Bureaucratic and professional endorsement of medical practice change within organizations. Conference on Diffusion/ Dissemination, Kansas City, KS.

------ (with T. Johnson, D. O'Rourke, N. Chávez, S. Sudman, L. Lacey, & J. Horm). (1994, August). Ethnic and gender differences in the information retrieval strategies used in health surveys. Third Practical Aspects of Memory Conference, College Park, MD.

------ (with T. P. Johnson, D. O'Rourke, N. Chávez, S. Sudman, L. Lacey, & J. Horm). (1994, November). Social cognition and responses to mental health survey questions among four ethnic groups. American Public Health Association, Washington, DC.

------ (with T. Johnson, D. O'Rourke, N. Chávez, S. Sudman, L. Lacey, & J. Horm). (1995, April). Social cognition and responses to survey questions among culturally diverse populations. International Conference on Survey Measurement and Process Quality, Bristol, England.

------ (with T. P. Johnson, D. O'Rourke, N. Chávez, S. Sudman, L. Lacey, & J. Horm). (1995, June). Cultural variations in the interpretation of health survey questions. Sixth Conference on Health Survey Research Methods, Breckenridge, CO.

------ (with T. P. Johnson, D. O'Rourke, N. Chávez, S. Sudman, L. Lacey, & J. Horm). (1995, November). Cross-cultural similarities and differences in social cognition when responding to health survey questions: An overview. Midwest Association for Public Opinion Research, Chicago, IL.

------ (with T. P. Johnson, D. O'Rourke, S. Sudman, N. Chávez, G. Chapa-Resendez, & J. Jobe). (1995, November). Responses to racial and ethnic identification questions among multicultural respon-dents. Midwest Association for Public Opinion Research, Chicago, IL.

------ (with T. Johnson, D. O'Rourke, S. Sudman, N. Chávez, & J. Horm). (1995, August). Cultural similarities and differences in social cognition when answering survey questions. American Statistical Association, Orlando, FL.

------ (with D. O'Rourke, T. Johnson, S. Sudman, N. Chávez, L. Lacey, & J. Horm). (1995, May). Cultural and gender differences in the response editing of health survey questions. American Association for Public Opinion Research, Fort Lauderdale, FL.

Positions Held in Professional Organizations

O'Rourke, D. Associate Chair, Publications and Information, and Member, Executive Council, American Association for Public Opinion Research.

------. Chair, Publications and Information, and Member, Executive Council, American Association for Public Opinion Research.

Parsons, J. A. Student Representative at Large, Section on Medical Sociology, American Sociological Association.

Sudman, S. Chair, Section on Survey Research Methods, American Statistical Association.

------. Councillor at Large and Member, Executive Board, American Association for Public Opinion Research.

------. Member, Founder's Award Committee, American Statistical Association.

Warnecke, R. B. Chair, American Association for Public Opinion Research Student PaperCompetition.

------. Member, Program Committee, American Association for Public Opinion Research.

Editorial Activities

Johnson, Timothy P. Member, Editorial Board, Substance Use and Misuse.

O'Rourke, Diane. Associate Editor, Journal of Official Statistics.

Sudman, Seymour. Advisory Editor, Journal of Consumer Research.

------. Associate Editor, Evaluation Research.

------. Member, Board of Advisory Editors, Social Science Research.

------. Member, Editorial Board, Journal of Consumer Psychology.

------. Member, Editorial Board, Journal of Consumer Research.

------. Member, Editorial Board, Journal of Marketing Research.

------. Member, Editorial Board, Public Opinion Quarterly.

------. Member, Editorial Policy Committee, Public Opinion Quarterly.

------. Member, Policy Committee, Journal of Consumer Research.

Warnecke, Richard B. Member, Editorial Board, Catalyst.

Consulting and Other Professional Service

Hauser, Elizabeth. Consultant, Midwest Hispanic AIDS Coalition.

Johnson, Timothy P. Consultant, Chicago Coalition for the Homeless.

------. Consultant, National Technical Center for Substance Abuse Treatment Needs Assessment.

------. Consultant and Grant Reviewer, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health.

Jones, Risé. Consultant, Midwest Hispanic AIDS Coalition.

Sudman, Seymour. Consultant, Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.

Warnecke, Richard. Consultant, AMC--Denver, Colorado.

------. Consultant, American Health Foundation.

------. Consultant, Brown University Population Center and Gerontology center.

------. Consultant, California Tobacco-Related Disease Research Program.

------. Consultant, Cecil G. Sheps Center for Health Services Research, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

------. Consultant, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Breast and Cervical Cancer Program.

------. Consultant, Medical College of Virginia.

------. Consultant, National Cancer Institute.

------. Consultant, National Cancer Institute, Appalachian Leadership Initiative on Cancer.

------. Consultant, National Center for Health Statistics.

------. Consultant, Survey of Rural Hospital Discharge Planners, Brown University.

Grants and Contracts (new or additional funds)

Gwiasda, Victoria E. An Evaluation of the CHA Anti-Drug Initiative: A Model of Comprehensive Crime Prevention in Public Housing, National Institute of Justice.

------. An Evaluation of the Chicago Housing Authority's Anti-Drug Initiative: Expanded Research, National Institute of Justice.

Hauser, Elizabeth S. Breast and Cervical Cancer Control Demonstration Project, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Johnson, Timothy P. Cancer Information Service Research Consortium Survey Methods Core, National Cancer Institute (through a subcontract with AMC Cancer Center).

------. Cognitive Interviewing Study of Ethnic Identification, National Center for Health Statistics.

------. DCFS Foster Parents, DASA.

------. The Influence of Social Networks on Use of Prenatal Care, Agency for Health Care Policy and Research.

------. Minority Populations' Understanding of Health Questions, National Center for Health Statistics.

------. Substance Use Among Inmates in the Illinois Correctional System, TASC, Inc.

------. Survey Research on Drug Use and Associated Behaviors, National Institute on Drug Abuse.

------. Work and Well-Being, National Institutes of Health.

O'Rourke, Diane. Cognitive Interviewing Study of Racial Identification, National Center for Health Statistics.

------. Minority Populations' Understanding of Health Questions, National Center for Health Statistics.

Sudman, Seymour. Cancer Information Service Research Consortium Survey Methods Core, National Cancer Institute (through a subcontract with AMC Cancer Center).

------. Survey Research on Drug Use and Associated Behaviors, National Institute on Drug Abuse.

Warnecke, Richard B. CDC/CIS Outreach Demonstration Project Evaluation, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

----. Cancer Information Service Research Consortium Survey Methods Core, National Cancer Institute (through a subcontract with AMC Cancer Center).

------. DOD/AMC Breast Cancer Research Study, Department of Defense (through a subcontract with AMC Cancer Foundation).

------. Health Promotion and Disease Research Centers Coop, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (through a subcontract with the University of Illinois at Chicago School of Public Health, Prevention Research Center).

------. Minority Populations' Understanding Health Questions, National Center for Health Statistics.

------. National Black Leadership Initiative on Cancer II, National Cancer Institute.

------. Quality of Life Index for Black and Hispanic Patients, University of Illinois at Chicago College of Nursing.

------. Ryan White 2--Title I HIV Study (continuation of Technical Support to the Chicago Department of Public Health HIV/AIDS Division [see below]), Chicago Department of Public Health (through a subcontract with MATEC).

------. Sixth Conference on Health Survey Research Methods, Agency for Health Care Policy Research (co-funding agencies: National Center for Health Statistics, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Health Resources and Services Administration, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, National Cancer Institute, and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation).

------. Strategies for Smoking Cessation by Low-Educated Women (continuation of Community Interventions for Cancer Prevention), National Cancer Institute.

------. Technical Support to the Chicago Department of Public Health HIV/AIDS Division, Chicago Department of Public Health (through a subcontract with MATEC).

APPENDIX B

AFFILIATIONS OF SPONSORS OF NEW AND
CONTINUING PROJECTS, 1994­1996

University of Illinois at Chicago

Administrative Services
College of Nursing
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Department of Psychiatry
Department of Public Health, Mental Health and Administrative Nursing
Department of Sociology
Disability Services
Institute for Juvenile Research
Jane Addams College of Social Work, Midwest AIDS Training and Education Center (MATEC)
Library of the Health Sciences
Office of Human Resources Development
Office of Public Affairs
School of Public Health, Community Health Sciences
School of Public Health, Epidemiology and Biostatistics
School of Public Health, Prevention Research Center
Survey Research Laboratory

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Department of Agricultural and Consumer Economics
Department of Community Health
Political Economy and Public Policy
Survey Research Laboratory (Urbana Office)

Other Academic Institutions

Case Western Reserve University
Morehouse School of Medicine
North Carolina State University at Raleigh
Northwestern University
Ohio State University
Pennsylvania State University
University of Missouri­St. Louis

Government Agencies
Chicago Department of Public Health
Illinois Department of Alcoholism and Substance Abuse
Illinois Department of Conservation
Illinois Department of Public Health
Illinois Hazardous Waste Research and Information Center

Other Organizations
AMC Cancer Research Center
Abt Associates, Inc.
American Medical Association
llinois Caucus on Adolescent Health
Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke's Medical Center
Treatment Alternatives for Special Clients (TASC), Inc.



APPENDIX C

UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS FACULTY, STAFF, STUDENTS, DEPARTMENTS,
AND ADMINISTRATIVE UNITS ASSISTED BY SRL, 1994­1996


Name
New projects


John Camper
Karen Conrad
Gloria Elam
Michael Fendrich
Jean Gorman
Victoria Gwiasda
Roslyn Hoffman
Timothy Johnson
Markus Kruesi
Nathan Linsk

Victoria Persky
Judith Richman
Richard Warnecke
Ann Weller
Allan Yamakawa


Affiliation
Chicago Campus

Office of Public Affairs
Department of Public Health, Mental Health and Administrative Nursing
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Department of Psychiatry
Disability Services
Survey Research Laboratory
Administrative Services
Survey Research Laboratory
Institute for Juvenile Research
Jane Addams College of Social Work, Midwest AIDS Training and
Education Center (MATEC)
School of Public Health, Epidemiology and Biostatistics
Department of Psychiatry
Survey Research Laboratory
Library of the Health Sciences
Office of Human Resources Development


Continuing projects

George Balch
Dee Burton
Noel Chávez
Kathleen Crittenden
Faith Davis
Carol Ferrans
Brian Flay
Timothy Johnson
Michele Kelley
Katherine Mallin
Clara Manfredi
Robin Mermelstein
Richard Warnecke
School of Public Health, Prevention Research Center
School of Public Health, Community Health Sciences
School of Public Health, Community Health Sciences
Department of Sociology
School of Public Health, Epidemiology and Biostatistics
College of Nursing
School of Public Health, Prevention Research Center
Survey Research Laboratory
School of Public Health, Community Health Sciences and Prevention Research Center
School of Public Health, Epidemiology and Biostatistics
School of Public Health, Prevention Research Center
School of Public Health, Prevention Research Center
Survey Research Laboratory

Pending projects

David Carley
Noel Chávez
Karen Conrad
Alice Dan
Faith Davis
Michael Fendrich
John Gardiner
Aida Giachello


Janet Grossman
Linda Grossman

Paul Grussing
Cedric Herring
Timothy Johnson
Savitri Kamath
Susan Levy
Irving Miller
Catherine Nageotte
Geraldine Outlaw
Stephanie Riger
Carole Warshaw
Richard Warnecke
Charles Warren

College of Medicine
School of Public Health, Community Health Sciences
Department of Public Health, Mental Health and Administrative Nursing
Center for Research on Women and Gender
School of Public Health, Epidemiology and Biostatistics
Department of Psychiatry
Office of Social Science Research
Jane Addams College of Social Work, Midwest Latino Health
Research and Policy Center for Medical Treatment Effectiveness
Program (MEDTEP)
Institute for Juvenile Research
Department of Psychiatry, Program for Mental Health Services
Research on Women and Gender
Department of Pharmacy Administration
Department of Sociology
Survey Research Laboratory
Department of Human Nutrition and Dietetics
School of Public Health, Prevention Research Center
Department of Chemical Engineering
Department of Psychiatry
School of Public Health, Community Health Sciences
Women's Studies Program
Department of Psychiatry
Survey Research Laboratory
School of Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences


New projects

Richard Farnsworth
David Linowes
Diane O'Rourke
Seymour Sudman

Urbana Campus

Department of Agricultural and Consumer Economics
Political Economy and Public Policy
Survey Research Laboratory
Survey Research Laboratory

Continuing projects
Diane O'Rourke
Karin Rosenblatt
Seymour Sudman
Survey Research Laboratory
Department of Community Health
Survey Research Laboratory

Pending projects
Bonnie Chakravorty
Fred Coleman
Krystal Fitzpatrick
James Hicks
Charles Kozoll
Edward Lakner
Günther Lüschen
Moto Morishima
Diane O'Rourke
Janet Reis
Seymour Sudman
Department of Community Health
Department of Civil Engineering
Division of Public Safety
Department of Civil Engineering
Office of Continuing Education and Public Service
Graduate School of Library and Information Science
Department of Sociology
Institute of Labor and Industrial Relations
Survey Research Laboratory
Department of Community Health
Survey Research Laboratory



Pending projects

Remi Imeokparia
Springfield campus

Public Health Program


APPENDIX D

SRL STAFF AS OF JUNE 30, 1996


Administration

    Richard Warnecke
    Timothy Johnson
    Seymour Sudman
    Jewanna Ashley
    Tony Burnett
    Nicole Humphries
    Bernita Rusk
    Jeremiah Seraphine

Accounting and Grants Management

    Marguerite Harris
    Michelle White
    Eboni Craig
    Brian Small

Project Coordination

    Jennifer Banas
    Gloria Chapa-Resendez
    Victoria Gwiasda
    Lynn Hamilton
    Katherine Lind
    Diane O'Rourke
    Jennifer Parsons
    Elizabeth Severns
    Betty Bower Simon
    Jonathan VanGeest

Research Assistants

    Jane Burris
    Ana Chapa
    Tony Garcy
    Elise Martel
    William Wagner

Information Services

    Marya Ryan

Operations

    Martín Glusberg


Computer Services

    Ilker Erdogmus
    Olga Figman
    Timothy Dollear

Field Center

    Vincent Parker
    Cayge Clements
    Douglas Hammer
    Linda Davis
    Cheryl Fails
    Terry Mashalla
    Carole Moody
    Les Townsend
    Delores White


Sampling

    Ann Hatalsky
    Eunjae Shim


Postdocs

    Elizabeth Hauser
    Risé Jones



TABLE 1

NEW AND CONTINUING HEALTH-RELATED STUDIES, 1994­1996

Subject Client's Department or Affiliation


New studies


Evaluation of Rocky Mountain Tobacco Free Challenge			UIC Survey Research Laboratory

State and Local Immunization Coverage and Health Survey Abt Associates, Inc.
Community, Crime, and Health Across the Life Course Ohio State University Department of Sociology and
Pennsylvania State University Department of Sociology Means Restriction Survey of Emergency Department UIC Institute for Juvenile Research Physicians and Nurses
American Medical Association Smoking Cessation Study American Medical Association
Cognitive Experiments on Long-Term Care Case Western Reserve University
Means Restriction II UIC Institute for Juvenile Research
Incontinence Pilot Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke's Medical Center
Fire Departments UIC Department of Public Health, Mental Health and Administrative Nursing
Work and Well-Being UIC Department of Psychiatry
Health Care Decision Making Among Elderly Hispanics University of Missouri­St. Louis
Survey Research on Drug Use and Associated Behaviors UIC Survey Research Laboratory and Department
of Psychiatry
Ryan White Title I HIV Study UIC Survey Research Laboratory and Jane Addams College of Social Work, Midwest AIDS Training and Education Center (MATEC)
National Black Leadership Initiative II Morehouse School of Medicine
Breast Cancer Research Program AMC Cancer Research Center
La Salle­Peru Case Control Screening UIC School of Public Health, Epidemiology and Biostatistics
Illinois Caucus on Adolescent Health Illinois Caucus on Adolescent Health
NCI/CDC Outreach Demonstration Project Illinois Department of Public Health
DCFS/DASA Treatment Outcome Study Illinois Department of Alcoholism and Substance
Abuse and UIC Survey Research Laboratory Appalachian Leadership Initiative on Cancer Evaluation UIC Survey Research Laboratory
Study of School and Health Issues Among Pregnant UIC Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Adolescents
Chicago Department of Public Health Patient History Chicago Department of Public Health

Continuing studies
Strategies for Smoking Cessation Among Low Educated UIC Survey Research Laboratory; UIC School of Public Health, women Prevention Research Center and Community Health Sciences; and UIC Department of Sociology Prescribe for Health in Urban Minority Primary North Carolina State University at Raleigh and UIC Survey Research Care Physician Practices Laboratory and School of Public Health, Prevention Research Center Minority Populations' Understanding of Health Questions UIC Survey Research Laboratory and School of Public Health, Community Health Sciences Aban Aya Youth Health Project UIC School of Public Health, Prevention Research Center CIS Research Consortium Program Project AMC Cancer Research Center Quality of Life UIC College of Nursing Prison Survey Treatment Alternatives for Special Clients (TASC), Inc., and UIC Survey Research Laboratory Ovarian Cancer Case Control UIUC Department of Community Health and UIC School of Public Health, Epidemiology and Biostatistics Institutionalization of a Smoking Cessation Program UIC Survey Research Laboratory and School of Public Health, Prevention Research Center

1. For most of SRL's history, it was an all-University unit. It became part of UIC's College of Urban Planning and Public Affairs in the summer of 1995 and maintains offices on both the Chicago and Urbana campuses.